Wuhan Tianhe International Airport
|Operator||Wuhan Tianhe International Airport Co. Ltd.|
|Location||Huangpi District, Wuhan|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||34 m / 112 ft|
CAAC airport chart
|Wuhan Tianhe International Airport|
Wuhan Tianhe International Airport (IATA: WUH, ICAO: ZHHH) serves Wuhan, the capital of the Hubei province, People's Republic of China. It was opened on 15 April 1995 substituting the old Hankou Wangjiadun Airport and Nanhu Airport as the major airport of Wuhan. The airport is located in Wuhan's suburban Huangpi District, around 26 km (16 mi) to the north of Wuhan city center. It is the busiest airport of central China as it is geographically located in the centre of China's airline route network. The airport is a focus city for Air China, China Eastern Airlines and China Southern Airlines. The airport has flights to international destinations such as Bangkok, Moscow, Osaka, Paris, Seoul, and Singapore.
The airport served 20,772,000 passengers in 2016, making it the 14th busiest airport by passenger traffic in China. The name Tianhe (天河) can be literally translated as "Sky River"; it is also one of the names for the Milky Way in ancient Chinese.
Since January 1, 2019, passengers from 53 countries such as EU countries, Japan, Korea, Russia, the U.S., when traveling to a third country, can enter China from this airport without a Chinese visa for up to 144 hours.
- 1 History
- 2 Facilities
- 3 Airlines and destinations
- 4 Gallery
- 5 Ground transportation
- 6 Future development
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
To replace the old Wangjiadun Airport, Chinese government permitted the plan to build a commercial airport in Tianhe Town, Huangpi District, Wuhan at July 1, 1985. The first term construction started in December 1989 and finished in April 1994. It first operated domestic flights but later in 2000, the CAA set it as an international airport.
The airport expanded twice---first for terminal 2 and second for terminal 3, new control tower and the second runway.
Wuhan opened up to intercontinental flights when Air France began service from Paris on 11 April 2012,  and two years later opened up to the United States non-stop when China Southern Airlines announced, in September 2014, a daily non-stop flight to San Francisco, originating from Guangzhou, operating with a Boeing 787 to begin December 16, 2014.
Tianhe International Airport has two runways.
Runway West (04L 22R)
Length: 3,400 m (11,200 ft), width: 45 m (148 ft)
Runway East (04R 22L main runway)
Length: 3,600 m (11,800 ft), width: 60 m (200 ft)
Tianhe Airport equipped with ILS II in south side(main landing side), ILS I in north side. The East runway is equipped with blind landing systems.
Terminal 1 (demolished)
Terminal 1 was opened in 1995 when all flight services are transferred from Nanhu Airport to Tianhe International Airport. It was located at where the west concourse of Terminal 3 stands nowadays. It had been the only terminal of the airport until Terminal 2 was completed in 2008.
From 2008 onwards, all domestic flights were operated at T2 while international flights were still operated at T1. T1 was closed in 2010 after serving international flights for two years. A new international terminal was built in 2010, and has undergone subsequent expansions after seeing major increase of international travelers. And it has been demolished during the construction of Terminal 3.
Terminal 2 (closed)
Terminal 2 was the main terminal for Tianhe Airport during 2008-2017, which handled only domestic airlines. It has a floor area of 121,200 square meters and a designed capacity to handle 13 million passengers and 320,000 tons of cargo a year. The project was completed in April 15, 2008, at a total cost of 3.37 billion yuan (421.5 million US dollars). By 2010, Wuhan served at least 5 international and 100 domestic routes. The airport's cargo-handling capacity is to reach 144,000 tons.
Terminal 2 was closed when Terminal 3 were officially opened in mid 2017 for the upgrade construction. 
International Terminal (closed)
The International Terminal was opened in December 2010 and all international flights and flights to Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan operated at the International Terminal from 2010 to 2017. After the old Terminal 1 was closed in 2010, the International Terminal was sometimes mistakenly called "T1" by passengers.
The single-floor terminal is located at the southwest of Terminal 2. It has a floor area of 5310 square meters, shared by both departure and arrival facilities. To handle wide-body jet within limited ramp, there is no air-bridge for this terminal.
Due to its compact size and the growing number of international flights, there were complaints that Terminal 1 was "too crowded". In 2013, the average departure traffic was 880 per hour during the peak season, which was far greater than its designed maximum capacity of 550.
The International Terminal was closed in mid 2017 and it will be turned to a chartered and VIP terminal in the future.
Starting from August 31, 2017, all flights from the original International Terminal (international, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan) and T2 (domestic) have been moved to Terminal 3, which has a passenger capacity of 35 million. Following the opening of the new Terminal 3, T1 and T2 were closed temporarily for renovation. T1 is scheduled to operate as the VIP terminal. T2 will undergo renovation and reopen when passengers in T3 exceed the design limit.
The T3 has a new departure lounge, restaurants and duty-free shops.
The construction of Terminal 3 started in June 2013 and it was opened on August 31, 2017. A new runway, new control tower, and a transportation hub connecting the airport to the city with an intercity railway and a metro line have been built and opened along with the new terminal.
Airlines and destinations
A China Eastern airplane approaching Terminal 2
Presently, Tianhe is the only civic airport in the Wuhan metropolitan area. However, the city authorities are considering repurposing the military Shanpo Airfield (山坡机场; Jiangxia District), as a commercial cargo airport. If the plans are implemented, Shanpo will become Wuhan's second airport.), located in the city's far southern suburbs (Shanpo Township,
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- New Destination : Bangkok - Wuhan
- 武汉机场二通道继续免费 15分钟从香港路开到机场 (Second Airport Expressway is now open and remains free for the time being)
- 天河机场大巴运行时刻表 (Tianhe Airport bus schedule)
- 方圆震. "武汉城市圈第4条城际铁路正式开通 空铁交通实现无缝对接_滚动新闻_中国政府网". www.gov.cn.
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- 武汉第二机场项目已上报发改委 江夏山坡机场开始“控违” (The plan for Wuhan's second airport has been submitted to the National Development and Reform Commission. Shanpo Airfield, in Jiangxia District, started to be considered), 21 November 2012
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wuhan Tianhe International Airport.|
- Wuhan Tianhe International Airport Official website (in Chinese)
- Airport information for ZHHH at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.