Wunstorf Air Base

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Wunstorf Air Base
Roundel of the German Air Force (with Border).svg
RAF Wunstorf
Advanced Landing Ground (ALG) B-116
NASA World Wind - Wunstorf.jpg
Aerial picture prior to 2010's expansion
Coordinates52°27′17″N 009°25′44″E / 52.45472°N 9.42889°E / 52.45472; 9.42889 (Wunstorf Air Base)
TypeMilitary Airfield
Site information
Controlled byBundeswehr Kreuz.svg Bundeswehr (Air Force)
Site history
In use1936-Present
Battles/warsWorld War II
Garrison information
OccupantsBalkenkreuz.svg  Luftwaffe (National Socialist), 1936-1945
RAF roundel.svg  Royal Air Force, 1945-1957
Roundel of the German Air Force (with Border).svg  German Air Force (FRG), 1957-Present
Airfield information
Summary
Elevation AMSL187 ft / 57 m
Coordinates52°27′17″N 009°25′44″E / 52.45472°N 9.42889°E / 52.45472; 9.42889Coordinates: 52°27′17″N 009°25′44″E / 52.45472°N 9.42889°E / 52.45472; 9.42889
Map
ETNW is located in Lower Saxony
ETNW
ETNW
Location of Wunstorf Air Base
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
03/21 5,573 1,699 Asphalt
08/26 8,193 2,499 Concrete
08R/26L 3.569 1,088 Sod

Wunstorf Air Base is a German Air Force military airfield (air base), located 6 km south-southwest of Neustadt am Rübenberge or 4 km north-northwest of Wunstorf in Lower Saxony, Germany. Wunstorf Air Base is the home to Air Transport Wing 62 (Lufttransportgeschwader 62), the unit to operate all German Airbus A400M Atlas.

History[edit]

The airfield was opened in 1936 for the German Luftwaffe reconstituted by the National Socialist government in 1935. During the Second World War, it was seized by the British Army on 7 April 1945, in a fierce battle by elements of the 5th Parachute Brigade, 6th Airborne Division. During the battle, in which the 13th Battalion was also engaged, the 7th (Light Infantry) Parachute Battalion lost six killed, and 21 wounded, most from the initial ambush of the four leading trucks of B Company. The airfield was captured with 19 Bf 109s, four Fw 190s, two Ju 88s, two Ju 52s and much other valuable equipment.

After the battle, the base was taken over by the Royal Air Force, including Canadian (R.C.A.F.) Wing 126 of the British 2nd Tactical Air Force, and designated as Advanced Landing Ground B-116 Wunstorf.

The airfield features heavily in the book "13 - Lucky For Some" which is about the history of the 13th (Lancashire) Parachute Battalion. There are many then and now photographs as well as maps and diagrams of battles that took place in the region.

It was later designated RAF Station Wunstorf and used by Royal Air Force Germany. RAF units assigned were:

  • 1947-1950: 2 Sq with Spitfire F 14/PR 19
  • 1950-1952: 4 Sq, 26 Sq with Vampire FB 5
  • 1950-1955: 11 Sq with Vampire FB 5, later Venom FB 1, later FB 4
  • 1952-1955: 5 Sq with Vampire FB 5, later Venom FB 1
  • 1952-1955: 266 Sq with Vampire FB 5, later FB 9, later Venom FB 1
  • 1954: 4 Sq
  • 1954: 93 Sq
  • 1955-1956: 79 Sq with Meteor FR 9
  • 1955-1957: 541 Sq with Meteor PR 10
  • 1956-1957: 5 Sq, 11 Sq, 266 Sq with Venom FB 4

Much of the 1951 novel Air Bridge by Hammond Innes is set in RAF Wunstorf at the time of the Berlin Airlift. It describes how the airfield, rapidly expanded for the Airlift, looked at that time. It also featured in the 1957 film "High Flight".

In 1957 the airfield returned to the control of the German Air Force and became a NATO Air Base.

Use by German Air Force[edit]

A German Air Force Transall C-160D transport aircraft (s/n 50+38) of Air Transport Wing 62 (LTG 62) based at Wunstorf Air Base, in flight on 15 June 1983

German Air Force first stationed Nord Noratlas which by 1971 were replaced by C-160D Transall; those were disbanded from the local LTG62 in July 2015, now focussing on accepting and integrating Airbus A400M Atlas. Flight training for decades was executed using Dornier Do 28.

Motorsport[edit]

Between 1964 and 1998, a temporary motor racing circuit was laid out on the Wunstorf airbase. Races at the circuit were included in the German Touring Car Championship between 1984 and 1993,[1] one of several temporary airfield tracks on the DTM calendar at the time. The series eventually began to move towards permanent racing facilities and the final DTM race at Wunstorf took place in 1993, where Nicola Larini set a lap record of 1:44.45 in his Alfa Romeo during qualifying.

In 1977, the Wunstorf circuit was first used for a round of the Interserie sports car racing championship. Wunstorf hosted the Interserie between 1977 and 1979, and again between 1985 and 1990.

Besides the big-name national championships, Wunstorf hosted a series of annual club racing meetings until 1999, when motor racing on the airbase premises was finally halted due to the cost of preparation and administration for the events.

Expansion in 2010's[edit]

As preparation for 40 Airbus A400M Atlas to be stationed at Wunstorf Air Base, the airbase underwent (and as of February 2016 still undergoes) major expansion. Runway 08/26 was lengthened from 1,877 m to 2,499 m (45 m wide) mainly to the east. Parking positions were expanded, one maintenance hangar has been erected, another one is under construction. A building to house the flight simulator has been added.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Innes, Hammond, Air Bridge, (London, 1951)

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Wunstorf Air Base at Wikimedia Commons