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Wupperthal (sometimes also spelt Wuppertal) is a small town in the Cederberg mountains in the Western Cape province of South Africa. It was founded in 1830 by two German missionaries of the Rhenish Missionary Society (Rheinische Mission), Theobald von Wurmb and Johann Gottlieb Leipoldt, grandfather of C. Louis Leipoldt – some 100 years before the city of Wuppertal was formally established in Germany. In 1965, after the Rhenish Mission had gradually scaled down their activities in Southern Africa over a period of 40 years, a decision was taken that Wupperthal in future should become part of the Moravian Church, which by that stage had already made the transition from a mission to an autonomous church in South Africa. The town remains a Moravian mission station to this day.
The village remains isolated, and is accessible by a gravel road from Clanwilliam over the Pakhuis Pass. Community facilities include the Moravian Church, a shop, a tea room, a post office, a school with two hostels and a community hall.
Most families in the community are dependent on small-scale agriculture or livestock farming for their livelihood. The most important cash crop is rooibos tea. The mountainous areas surrounding the village provide grazing for goats.
In its heyday the shoe factory, founded by Johann Leipoldt himself, provided work for many skilled craftsmen. The Wupperthal handsewn veldskoen (traditional soft suede shoes) were for nearly a century famous across South Africa for their comfort and good craftsmanship. A tannery and a glove factory were also in operation for many years. The shoe factory is still in existence today, but operates on a much smaller scale.
Tourism is a growing industry for Wupperthal, particularly during the Namaqualand flower season in August and September, when the seemingly barren mountain slopes become covered in flowers for a few weeks. A community tourism project offers self-catering chalets and a camping site. Activities include hiking, 4x4 trails and donkey cart rides.
On 31 December 2018 a wildfire swept through the village and surrounding area causing widespread devastation. The fire destroyed a majority of the buildings in the town, burning down 53 homes, a community hall, clinic, a restaurant and the historic Moravian Mission Station, leaving only the town's church and a few other buildings remaining. One woman was badly burnt in the fire and later succumbed to her injuries. Jackie Valentyn, aged 57, died at Tygerberg Hospital a month after the fire. Telecommunications infrastructure was also damaged in the fire, causing difficulty in communication. The fire left 200 residents homeless.
- "Community Report". Department of Water Affairs & Forestry. Archived from the original on 5 August 2013. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
- "Cederberg Heritage Route". Retrieved 7 January 2019.
- Isaacs, Lauren. "Cause of devastating Wupperthal fire under investigation". ewn.co.za. Retrieved 2019-01-01.
- "PICS: Ramaphosa hails those who have jumped in to support devastated Wupperthal community". News24. 2018-12-31. Retrieved 2019-01-01.
- Isaacs, Lauren. "Former teacher dies following Wupperthal fire". ewn.co.za. Retrieved 2019-02-01.
- "At least 200 left homeless in Wupperthal after another Western Cape fire". News24. 2018-12-31. Retrieved 2019-01-01.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Wuppertal, Western Cape.|
- Step Back in Time. The Vagabond Adventures visit Wupperthal - An interesting account of a visit to Wupperthal. Includes photos.