Wuthering Heights (song)

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"Wuthering Heights"
Kate Bush - Wuthering Heights.png
Single by Kate Bush
from the album The Kick Inside
B-side"Kite"
Released20 January 1978 (1978-01-20)[1]
Format7" vinyl
RecordedSummer 1977
StudioAIR Studios, London
Genre
Length4:28
LabelEMI
Songwriter(s)Kate Bush
Producer(s)Andrew Powell
Kate Bush singles chronology
"Wuthering Heights"
(1978)
"Moving"
(1978)
Audio sample
"Wuthering Heights" (1978)

"Wuthering Heights" is a song by Kate Bush released as her debut single in January 1978. It appears on her 1978 debut album The Kick Inside. It stayed at number one on the UK Singles Chart for four weeks, and remains Bush's most successful single. The song received widespread critical acclaim, with Pitchfork naming it the fifth greatest song of the 1970's.[2]

A remixed version, featuring rerecorded vocals, was included on the 1986 greatest hits album The Whole Story. This version also appeared as the B-side to her 1986 hit "Experiment IV".

Writing[edit]

Bush wrote the song aged 18, within a few hours late at night on 5 March 1977.[3] She was inspired after seeing the 1967 BBC adaptation of the 1847 novel Wuthering Heights.[4] She then read the book and discovered that she shared her birthday with author Emily Brontë. S

"Wuthering Heights" is sung from the perspective of the Wuthering Heights character Catherine Earnshaw, pleading at Heathcliff's window to be allowed in. It quotes Catherine's dialogue, including the chorus lyric "Let me in! I'm so cold!" and "bad dreams in the night". Critic Simon Reynolds described it as "Gothic romance distilled into four-and-a-half minutes of gaseous rhapsody".[5]

Bush recorded her vocal in a single take.[6] The guitar solo is played by Ian Bairnson. Engineer Jon Kelly said he regretted placing the solo louder in the mix.[7] The production team, with Bush, began mixing at midnight and stayed until "five or six in the morning".[6]

Release[edit]

Bush's record company, EMI, originally chose another track, "James and the Cold Gun", as the lead single, but Bush was determined to use "Wuthering Heights".[8] The single was initially scheduled for 4 November 1977. However, Bush was unhappy with the cover and insisted it be replaced. Some copies of the single had already been sent out to radio stations, but EMI relented and put back the single's launch until the New Year.[9] This proved to be a fortunate choice, as the earlier release would have had to compete with Wings' latest release, "Mull of Kintyre", which became the biggest-selling single in UK history up to this point in December 1977.[10]

"Wuthering Heights" was finally released on 20 January 1978, being immediately playlisted by Capital Radio and entering their chart at No. 39 on 27 January 1978. It crept into the national Top 50 in the week ending 11 February 1978 at No. 42.[11] The following week it rose to No. 27, and Bush made her first appearance on Top of the Pops ("It was like watching myself die", recalls Bush). The song was finally added to Radio One's playlist the following week and became one of the most played records on radio.[12] In 1986, the first pressings of her first compilation album erroneously stated the release date for this single as 4 November 1977.[13]

Music video[edit]

Two music videos with similar choreography[clarification needed] were created to accompany "Wuthering Heights". In one version, Bush can be seen performing the song in a dark room filled with white mist while wearing a white dress (which was the UK release)[citation needed]; in the other, the singer dances in an outdoor environment while wearing a red dress (which was done for the American release)[citation needed].

Chart performance[edit]

"It was suddenly non-stop working. I put up with sixteen months of that and then I said: look, I've just got to stop or I'm not going to be able to write any songs any more."

—Bush reflecting on "Wuthering Heights" instant success.[14]

After being delayed for two months, "Wuthering Heights" was officially released in early 1978 and entered the top forty in the official singles chart in the United Kingdom at number twenty-seven on 18 February,[15] and quickly rose to number one three weeks later dethroning ABBA's "Take a Chance on Me" from the top spot.[16] Bush became the first female artist to have an entirely self-penned number one hit in the UK.[17] The single release unwittingly pitted Bush against another female vocalist also charting with her first UK hit: Debbie Harry with her band Blondie and their single "Denis". Amid much public discussion about the two singers' merits, Bush came out on top, while Blondie stalled at number two.[18][19] "Wuthering Heights" remained at number one for an entire month until it was replaced at the top by Brian and Michael's celebration of the then-recently deceased artist L. S. Lowry, "Matchstalk Men and Matchstalk Cats and Dogs".[20] Bush's début single finished the year as the tenth highest-selling and was certified gold by the British Phonographic Industry, denoting sales of over half a million.[21][22]

Success was not limited to the United Kingdom, as "Wuthering Heights" also hit number one in Ireland and Italy.[23][24] It reached the top ten in Belgium, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, and Switzerland, as well as the top twenty in Austria and West Germany.[25] "Wuthering Heights" proved to be successful in New Zealand, where it spent five weeks at number one and achieved a platinum status,[26] and Australia, where it stayed at the top of the charts for three consecutive weeks and achieved a gold status.[27][26] It proved to be one of the biggest hits of 1978 in Denmark.[28]

Following the live performance of the song by Laura Bunting on The Voice in Australia, "Wuthering Heights" re-entered the country's top forty in 2012, 34 years after its original release in 1978.[29]

Legacy[edit]

A remixed version, featuring rerecorded vocals, was included on the 1986 greatest hits album The Whole Story.[6] This version also appeared as the B-side to her 1986 hit "Experiment IV".[30]

In 2018, as part of the Bradford Literature Festival, it was announced that Bush had been invited to write an epitaph to Emily Brontë, which would be inscribed on one of four stones erected near the Brontë's home in Yorkshire.[31] Commenting on the unveiling of her poem, entitled Emily, Bush said "to be asked to write a piece for Emily’s stone is an honour and, in a way, a chance to say thank you to her".[32]

Weekly charts[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kate Bush - Wuthering Heights". Discogs. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
  2. ^ https://pitchfork.com/features/lists-and-guides/9935-the-200-best-songs-of-the-1970s/?page=10
  3. ^ katebushencyclopedia.com
  4. ^ "Cloudbusting / Music / Wuthering Heights". Gaffa.org. 30 July 1958. Retrieved 2011-12-06.
  5. ^ Reynolds, Simon (21 August 2014). "Kate Bush, the queen of art-pop who defied her critics". The Guardian. Retrieved March 10, 2016.
  6. ^ a b c "20 Things You Didn't Know About Kate Bush's 'Wuthering Heights' - NME". NME. 2014-08-26. Retrieved 2018-11-20.
  7. ^ Richard Buskin. "CLASSIC TRACKS: 'Wuthering Heights'". Soundonsound.com. Retrieved 2011-12-06.
  8. ^ Richard Buskin. "Scaling the Heights". Soundonsound.com. Retrieved 2011-12-06.
  9. ^ "Kate Bush biography". BBC.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-12-06.
  10. ^ ""Mull of Kintyre" sales information". Every hit.com. Archived from the original on 30 September 2011. Retrieved 2011-12-06.
  11. ^ "Chart Stats – Kate Bush – Wuthering Heights". Retrieved 2009-02-01.
  12. ^ "Gaffaweb – Early TV and Radio promotion for "Wuthering Heights"". Gaffa.org. Retrieved 2011-12-06.
  13. ^ The Whole Story sleeve notes
  14. ^ "Sold on song". BBC Radio 2. 1979. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
  15. ^ "UK singles chart". Official Charts Company. 18 February 1978. Retrieved 2014-01-07.
  16. ^ "UK singles chart". Official Charts Company. 11 March 1978. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
  17. ^ "Pop on trial". BBC. Retrieved 2014-01-07.
  18. ^ "UK singles chart". Official Charts Company. 18 March 1978. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
  19. ^ "UK singles chart". Official Charts Company. 1 April 1978. Retrieved 2014-01-07.
  20. ^ "UK singles chart". Official Charts Company. 8 April 1978. Retrieved 2014-01-07.
  21. ^ a b "1970s singles chart archive". Official Charts Company. Every Hit. Retrieved 2014-01-07.
  22. ^ "UK Certification". British Phonographic Industry. 1 March 1978. Retrieved 2014-01-07.
  23. ^ a b "Irish charts". Irish Recorded Music Association. 19 March 1978. Retrieved 2014-01-07.
  24. ^ a b "Kate Bush: Wuthering Heights" (in Italian). Federation of the Italian Music Industry. Retrieved 2014-01-07.
  25. ^ "International charts". Ultratop. 1978. Retrieved 2014-01-07.
  26. ^ a b c d e Billboard magazine. July 1978. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
  27. ^ a b Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. Australian Chart Book, St Ives, N.S.W. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
  28. ^ "Billboard Magazine, July, 1979". Billboard.
  29. ^ "News wrap". www.auspop.com.au. Retrieved 6 April 2016.
  30. ^ "Experiment IV". www.45cat.com. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
  31. ^ "Kate Bush pens Emily Bronte tribute for Yorkshire moors memorial". BBC News. 26 April 2018.
  32. ^ Thorpe, Vanessa (8 July 2018). "Out on the wiley, windy moors, Kate Bush sings new praises to Emily Brontë". The Observer.
  33. ^ "Austriancharts.at – Kate Bush – Wuthering Heights" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40.
  34. ^ "Ultratop.be – Kate Bush – Wuthering Heights" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50.
  35. ^ "Nederlandse Top 40 – week 14, 1978" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40
  36. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Kate Bush – Wuthering Heights" (in Dutch). Single Top 100.
  37. ^ "Charts.nz – Kate Bush – Wuthering Heights". Top 40 Singles.
  38. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – Kate Bush – Wuthering Heights". VG-lista.
  39. ^ Salaverri, Fernando (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. ISBN 84-8048-639-2.
  40. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Kate Bush – Wuthering Heights". Singles Top 100.
  41. ^ "Swisscharts.com – Kate Bush – Wuthering Heights". Swiss Singles Chart.
  42. ^ "Official Singles Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company.
  43. ^ West German singles chart. 1978. Retrieved 20 December 2015.
  44. ^ Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St Ives, NSW: Australian Chart Book. p. 430. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
  45. ^ "Jaaroverzicht 1978" (in Dutch). MegaCharts. Retrieved 2014-01-07.
  46. ^ NO certyear WAS PROVIDED for AUSTRALIAN CERTIFICATION.
  47. ^ "Latest Gold / Platinum Singles". Radioscope. 17 July 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-07-24. Retrieved 11 September 2018.
  48. ^ "British single certifications – Kate Bush – Wuthering Heights". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 2014-01-07. Select singles in the Format field. Select Gold in the Certification field. Type Wuthering Heights in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.

External links[edit]