吴忠市 · ءُﺟْﻮ شِ
Location of Wuzhong City jurisdiction in Ningxia
|Coordinates (city government): Coordinates:|
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|ISO 3166 code||CN-NX-03|
Wuzhong (simplified Chinese: 吴忠; traditional Chinese: 吳忠) is a prefecture-level city in the Ningxia autonomous region of the People's Republic of China. It was known as Yinnan Prefecture (Chinese: 银南地区) before it was upgraded to a prefecture-level city in 1998. In 2010, Wuzhong had a population of 1.3 million.
|#||Name||Hanzi||Hanyu Pinyin||Xiao'erjing||Population (2010)||Area (km²)||Density (/km²)|
|1||Litong District||利通区||Lìtōng Qū||لِتْﻮ ﺛُﻮْ||379,346||1,415||268.0|
|2||Hongsibu District||红寺堡区||Hóngsìbù Qū||ﺡْﻮسِبُﻮْ ﺛُﻮْ||165,016||3,523||46.8|
|3||Qingtongxia City||青铜峡市||Qīngtóngxiá Shì||شِتْﻮﺷﯿَا شِ||264,717||2,337||113.3|
|4||Yanchi County||盐池县||Yánchí Xiàn||ﯾًﺎچِ ﺷِﯿًﺎ||146,560||8,558||17.1|
|5||Tongxin County||同心县||Tóngxīn Xiàn||ﺗْﻮسٍ ﺷِﯿًﺎ||318,153||8,184||38.9|
During the early and mid-19th century, the territory of today's Wuzhong—as well as much of northern Ningxia—became a stronghold of the Jahriyya Sufi order (menhuan), which was headquartered in the town of Jinjipu (a few km south of today's Wuzhong's main urban area). Under the leadership of the order's fourth and fifth shaykhs, Ma Yide (the 1770s-1849) and Ma Hualong (d. 1871), it grew wealthy from the profits of caravan trade across Inner Mongolia, between Baotou, Huhhot and Beijing. Jinjipu became an important commercial and religious center.
During the Muslim Rebellion of 1862-1877, Jinjipu became the headquarters of the rebels in the Ningxia region. The town fell to Zuo Zongtang's troops in January 1871, and over a thousand rebels and residents were massacred; Ma Hualong with his family and Jahriyya officials were executed in March 1871.
- Shi Tao, journalist, writer, and poet
- Zhou Shengxian, the director of the State Forestry Administration, is from Wuzhong.
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- Michael Dillon (1999). China's Muslim Hui community: migration, settlement and sects. Routledge. pp. 124–126. ISBN 0-7007-1026-4.
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