A hall at Wuzu Temple.
|Leadership||Shi Weidao (释惟道)|
|Location||Wuzu Town, Huangmei County, Hubei|
|Completed||Qing dynasty (reconstruction)|
Wuzu Temple was first built in 654 with the name of Dongshan Temple (东山寺; 'Eastern Mountain Temple'). During the Tang dynasty (618–907), Abbot Daman Hongren, an eminent monk of Chan Buddhism, promulgated Buddhist doctrines for decades. His disciples includes Huineng, Shenxiu, and Faru.
In the Song dynasty (960–1279), Shijie (师戒), Fayan (法演), Biaozi (表自) and Zongba (宗拔) successively served as abbot of the temple. While Fayan settled at the temple, it had reached unprecedented heyday, his disciples Yuanwu Keqin, Fojian Huiqin and Foyan Qingyuan were hailed as "Three luminaries" or "Three Buddhas".
After the fall of the Song dynasty, Wuzu Temple was completely destroyed by fire during the Mongolian invasion of the 13th century.
In 1331, Emperor Wenzong inscribed and honored the name of "Dongshan Wuzu Temple" (东山五祖寺; 'Eastern Mountain Temple of the 5th Patriarch'), commonly abbreviated as "Wuzu Temple" (五祖寺; 'Temple of the 5th Patriarch'), the name has been used to date.
Republic of China
In 1927, more than 2,000 soldiers of Huangmei County set a fire to demolish two thirds of its buildings.
People's Republic of China
In May 2006, was listed among the sixth group of "Major National Historical and Cultural Sites in Hubei" by the State Council of China.
The grand complex is built along the up and down of mountains and divided into three countyards. Along the central axis are the Shanmen, Four Heavenly Kings Hall, Mahavira Hall, Pilu Hall, Body Hall and Buddhist Texts Library.
Behind the Four Heavenly Kings Hall is the Mahavira Hall enshrining the statues of Sakyamuni, Amitabha and Bhaisajyaguru. The statues of Eighteen Arhats stand on both sides of the hall. It was originally built in 1986 and was renovated in 1986. Covering a building area of 865.7-square-metre (9,318 sq ft), it is the largest Mahavira Hall in South Central China. Under the eaves is a plaque with the Chinese characters "Mahavira Hall" written by former Venerable Master of the Buddhist Association of China Zhao Puchu.
- 湖北副省长杨云彦一行调研五祖寺 为"人文五祖"点赞. iFeng (in Chinese). 30 March 2018.
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- 图文：天下禅林五祖寺 [Famous Temple in Chan Buddhism: Wuzu Temple]. 163.com (in Chinese). 25 June 2015.
- 黄梅修缮五祖寺东山古道 [Huangmei County Government refurbished the ancient road of Wuzu Temple]. 163.com (in Chinese). 20 April 2016.
- 东山法门五祖寺 [East Mountain Teaching of Chan Buddhism: Wuzu Temple]. huaxia.com (in Chinese). 19 November 2012.