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St Leodegar's Church, Wyberton
|OS grid reference|
|• London||100 mi (160 km) S|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||East Midlands|
Wyberton is a village in Lincolnshire, England. It lies just south-west of Boston, and on the B1397 – the former A16 London Road – between Boston and Kirton. The A16 along the former East Lincolnshire railway line bisects the village. The population of the civil parish at the 2011 census was 3,747.
Wyberton is one of eighteen parishes which, together with Boston, form the Borough of Boston. The local government has been arranged in this way since the reorganization of 1 April 1974, which resulted from the Local Government Act 1972. Wyberton forms an electoral ward in itself. Since the local elections in May 2011, Wyberton has 2 Boston Borough Councillors, Cllr James Knowles (Conservative) and Richard Austin (Boston District Independents)
Hitherto, the parish had formed part of Boston Rural District, in the Parts of Holland. Holland was one of the three divisions – formally known as "parts" – of the traditional county of Lincolnshire. Since the Local Government Act of 1888, Holland had been in most respects a county in itself.
The lost hamlet of Tytton was mentioned in 1316 and is now represented by Tytton hall, a modern farm-house, near which is the moated site of the earlier mansion. Margart Tytton of Wyberton married John Coppeldyke, who was Sheriff of the county in 1488. The Tytton name does not appear in the Register Book of 1538, and the family had probably become extinct by that time. Wyberton Woad mill operated by steam was owned by Mr J Short until 1901/2.
The parish church is a Grade I listed building dedicated to Saint Leodegar and dating from the late 12th century, although it was rebuilt around 1420. The chancel was rebuilt in 1760 and the church was restored by George Gilbert Scott Junior about 1880. The original church had a crossing tower which collapsed in 1419. The font is 15th century and there is a charity board in the north aisle dated 1794. In the north aisle there is a 14th-century black marble slab to Adam of Frampton and his wife. Records in the Chancery Court refer to proceedings between 1426 and 1432 where Roger Derrys, a London mason, was suing for payment following the rebuilding of Church tower and nave. The chancel rebuilding was carried out at the same time as the refronting of the Rectory, now Wyberton Park, by the Rector Dr John Shaw.
Wyberton Park, the tiled-roof red brick Grade II* listed former rectory 100 yards (90 m) to the south of the church, was built in 1689 by the incumbent, to replace a mud and stud rectory with one containing a "kitchen, parlour, large staircase rising from the entrance door, two chambers, a large study and small closets on the second storey and garrets, and a large porch with steps ascending to it at the entrance." This improved rectory is seen by historian T. W. Beastall as indicating growing prosperity through increased acreage for crops and husbandry precipitated by fen drainage during the Agricultural Revolution. The present house is a further 1761 part rebuild.
Wyberts Castle is a scheduled medieval moated site located at the south end of Wybert Lane, about 1 mile (1.6 km) east of Wyberton. Excavations undertaken in 1959-1960 revealed remains of stone structures on the eastern half of the island, associated with pottery which suggested that the moated site was occupied during the 12th and 13th centuries and possibly until the 15th century. In the 18th century it was known as 'Wells Slade', suggesting that it was held by the Wells family who had a manor in Wyberton in the 14th century. The name 'Wybert's Castle' is thought to be of late 19th-century origin.
The village public house is the Pincushion Inn on London Road to the south of the village.
|Population of Wyberton Civil Parish|
Notable former inhabitants
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 4 June 2016.
- "Wyberton". Domesday Map. Ann Powell-Smith/University of Hull. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- Historic England. "Tytton (353959)". PastScape. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- Norman T.Wills (1979). Woad in the Fens. N.T.Wills.
- Historic England. "St Leodegar (1147881)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- Beastall T.W. (1978), The Agricultural Revolution in Lincolnshire, (History of Lincolnshire, volume 8), History of Lincolnshire Committee for the Society for Lincolnshire History and Archaeology, p.8. ISBN 0902668072
- Historic England. "Wyberton Park, Church Lane, Wyberton (1062042)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 9 March 2016.
- Historic England. "Wyberts Castle (1018583)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- "Vision of Britain". Retrieved 30 August 2011.
- "OBITUARY. WILLIAM WEBSTER, 1819-1888". Institution of Civil Engineers.
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