Wycliffe College, Toronto
|Motto||Verbum Domini manet|
Motto in English
|"The word of the Lord endureth"|
|Type||Federated theological college|
|Location||Toronto, Ontario, Canada|
|Affiliations||TST, ATS, U of T, Anglican Church of Canada|
Wycliffe College (//) is a graduate theological school federated with the University of Toronto. It is affiliated with the Anglican Church of Canada and is evangelical and Low church in orientation. On the other hand, the University of Toronto's other Anglican college, the University of Trinity College is Anglo-Catholic in outlook. While being an Anglican seminary, Wycliffe College attracts students from many Christian denominations. As a founding member of the Toronto School of Theology, students are free to participate in the wide range of courses from Canada's largest ecumenical consortium. It trains those pursuing ordination as well as those preparing for academic careers of scholarship and teaching.
In response to the Liberal-Catholic perspective of Trinity College, which is the Toronto diocesan seminary, the Church Association of the Diocese of Toronto, a lay Evangelical group at the Cathedral Church of St. James founded the independent Protestant Episcopal Divinity School in 1877 to provide an alternative source for evangelical, low-church theological training. Like its Oxford counterpart "Wycliffe Hall", the name Wycliffe College was inspired by the 14th century English preacher and theologian John Wycliffe. The name was given first to the college's building and then to the college itself. To ensure its long-term viability, Wycliffe College began considering various forms of union with the University of Toronto towards the end of the 19th century. Wycliffe College became affiliated with the University of Toronto in 1885 and federated in 1889.
Wycliffe college had a close association with the Anglican Church of the Epiphany in Parkdale. The church's founding rector, Rev. Bernard Bryan, had been one of the nine men who constituted the first class at Wycliffe in 1877. This connection continued when in 1959 the Church of the Epiphany's rector, the Rev. Leslie Hunt, was appointed Principal of Wycliffe College.
In 1969 the Toronto School of Theology (TST) was created as an independent federation of 7 schools of theology, including the divinity faculties of Wycliffe college. Within its own federation, the University of Toronto granted all but theology or divinity degrees. Since 1978, by virtue of a change made in its charter, the University of Toronto has granted theology degrees conjointly with Wycliffe College and other TST's member institutions.
An Act respecting Wycliffe College, being chapter 112 of the Statutes of Ontario, 1916, was repealed and the Wycliffe College Act, 2002 was substituted. Wycliffe College's Arms were registered with the Canadian Heraldic Authority on March 15, 2007.
The Wycliffe College Chapel sancturary features several stained glass windows including: `Our Lord``, `St. Paul`, `St. John` and `Timothy` by Robert McCausland Limited.
Wycliffe College is situated in the centre of the University of Toronto campus, on the corner of Hoskin Avenue and Queen’s Park. Next door is Hart House (University of Toronto), which houses athletic facilities, a Theatre, an art gallery, reading rooms, sitting rooms, offices, a library, music rooms, student meeting and study space. Along with classrooms and a chapel, Wycliffe houses 75 graduate residents, many of who are studying other disciplines at the University of Toronto and its affiliates.
Students have access, moreover, to the services of the University of Toronto, including the athletic facilities, library systems, and student union clubs.
The college was accredited by the Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada in 1978. In the fall semester of 2014 it had 269 students. It awards the following degrees conjointly with the University of Toronto:
- Master of Divinity
- Master of Theological Studies
- Doctor of Ministry
- Master of Theology
- Doctor of Theology (will be discontinued after September 2015)
- Doctor of Philosophy (starting September 2015)
In 2012 it was announced that the current conjoint Doctor of Theology (ThD) will be discontinued and a conjoint Doctor of Philosophy in Theological Studies (PhD) with the University of Toronto was in development. In 2014, the program received final approval and it is scheduled to begin in September 2015.
As a founding member of the Toronto School of Theology, students are able to participate in the wide range of courses from Canada's largest ecumenical consortium.
A Certificate in Anglican Studies is available for candidates for the Anglican priesthood and vocational diaconate who hold an MDiv from a non-Anglican seminary.
In addition to Wycliffe's collection of theological texts, students have access the libraries of every member school of the Toronto School of Theology, including Knox's Caven Library, St. Michael's Kelly Library, Trinity and Wycliffe's John W. Graham Library, and the libraries of Emmanuel College, Regis College, and St. Augustine's Seminary. Students, moreover, have access to the library system of the University of Toronto, including Robarts Library, Canada's largest library and the fourth largest academic library system in North America.
Institute of Evangelism
The Wycliffe College Institute of Evangelism provides resources, including teachers and practitioners of evangelism, print and A/V materials, and conferences and seminars in order to help nurture and grow evangelizing communities. The mission of the Institute of Evangelism is to "encourage and equip the church for the work of evangelism, empowering it to engage in this ministry confidently, joyfully and expectantly."
- Eleanor Clitheroe-Bell
- Michael Haykin - Professor at The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary
- Grant LeMarquand, missionary bishop
- Byron Edmund Walker
- Reginald Stackhouse, former MP
- Eliud Wabukala, Anglican Archbishop of Kenya
- Maret Ninan Abraham, later known as Abraham Mar Thoma, 17th Metropolitan Bishop of the Mar Thoma Syrian Church of Malabar
- Dyson Hague (1857–1935), contributing author to The Fundamentals
- Donald Coggan Archbishop of Canterbury 1974-1980]
- R. K. Harrison, Old Testament scholar
- Richard Longenecker New Testament scholar
- John Bainbridge Webster British Anglican systematic theologian
- "Wycliffe College, Toronto." 3 (58). Aug 10, 1889. p. 84.
- "November program at Church of the Epiphany for 75th anniversary". The Anglican (November 1962).
- http://dictionaryofarchitectsincanada.org/architects/view/1484 George Martel Miller (architect)
- http://dictionaryofarchitectsincanada.org/architects/view/1592 George Martel Miller (architect)
- Minter, David (1990). William Faulkner: His Life and Work. Johns Hopkins University Press.
- Colombo, John Robert (1984). Canadian Literary Landmarks. Hounslow.
- http://www.e-laws.gov.on.ca/html/source/private/english/2002/elaws_src_private_pr02001_e.htm Wycliffe College Act, 2002, S.O. 2002, c. Pr1 - Bill Pr2
- http://archive.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=1139 Arms and Badge
- Association of Research Libraries. "ARL Statistics 2004-05" (PDF). pp. 66–69. Retrieved 2007-01-23.
- University of Toronto Libraries. "Annual Statistics". Retrieved 2007-01-23.
- F. D. Coggan, The Story of the English Bible Illustrated in the Memorial Windows of Wycliffe College Chapel, Toronto. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1942.
- Arnold Edinborough, ed. The Enduring Word: A Centennial History of Wycliffe College. University of Toronto Press, 1978.
- Dyson Hague et al. The Jubilee Volume of Wycliffe College, 1877-1927. Toronto: Wycliffe College, 1927.
- Reginald Stackhouse, The Way Forward: A History of Wycliffe College, Toronto, 1877-2002. Toronto: Wycliffe College, 2002.
- Arthur N. Thompson Foundations for the Future; are the Principles of Wycliffe College Good for a Second Century? Toronto: Wycliffe College.
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