Wycombe (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Wycombe in Buckinghamshire.
Location of Buckinghamshire within England.
|Electorate||73,956 (April 2015)|
|Major settlements||High Wycombe|
|Member of parliament||Steve Baker (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Number of members||Two until 1868, then One|
|Type of constituency||County constituency|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
- 1 History
- 2 Constituency profile
- 3 Boundaries
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 5.1 Elections in the 2010s
- 5.2 Elections in the 2000s
- 5.3 Elections in the 1990s
- 5.4 Elections in the 1980s
- 5.5 Elections in the 1970s
- 5.6 Elections in the 1960s
- 5.7 Elections in the 1950s
- 5.8 Election in the 1940s
- 5.9 Election in the 1930s
- 5.10 Election in the 1920s
- 5.11 Election in the 1910s
- 5.12 Election in the 1900s
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
- 8 Further reading
Wycombe has continuously returned MPs since the Model Parliament of 1295. As a parliamentary borough (often referred to as High Wycombe or Chepping Wycombe), it returned two MPs until 1868 and then one until its abolition in 1885. The name was then transferred to a new county division, formally known as the "Wycombe division of Buckinghamshire".
The constituency shares similar borders with Wycombe local government district, although it covers a slightly smaller area. The main town within the constituency, High Wycombe contains many working/middle class voters and a sizeable ethnic minority population that totals around one quarter of the town's population, with some census output areas of town home to over 50% ethnic minorities. The surrounding villages which account for just under half of the electorate are some of the most wealthy areas in the country with extremely low unemployment, and high incomes. Workless claimants totalled 3.0% of the population in November 2012, lower than the national average of 3.8%.
In the earliest centuries the boundaries were narrow and electorate limited to certain rate-paying men (see parliamentary borough).
The village of Eton and town of Slough (including its village outskirts) were part of the Wycombe constituency from 1885 until 1945, when the new seat of Eton and Slough was created at the redistribution of that year.
The seat has electoral wards:
- Abbey, Booker and Cressex, Bowerdean, Chiltern Rise, Disraeli, Downley and Plomer Hill, Greater Marlow, Hambleden Valley, Hazlemere North, Hazlemere South, Micklefield, Oakridge and Castlefield, Ryemead, Sands, Terriers and Amersham Hill, Totteridge, Tylers Green and Loudwater.
Members of Parliament
- Constituency created (1295)
- Reduced to one member (1868)
|1868||Hon. William Carington||Liberal|
|1906||Thomas Arnold Herbert||Liberal|
|January 1910||Sir Charles Alfred Cripps||Conservative|
|1914||William Baring du Pré||Conservative|
|1924||Sir Alfred Knox||Unionist|
|1952||Sir John Hall||Conservative|
|1978||Sir Ray Whitney||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Steve Guy||4,546||8.8||-20.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Steve Guy||13,863||28.8||+9.0|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||James Oates||8,780||19.8||+2.8|
|Liberal Democrat||Dee Tomlin||7,658||17.0||-1.5|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Paul Bensilum||9,678||18.5||-3.1|
|Natural Law||Mark Heath||121||0.2||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Tim Andrews||13,005||22.97||-5.5|
|Social Democratic||Alan Page||449||0.8||N/A|
|Natural Law||T. Anton||168||0.3||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|Social Democratic||Tom Hayhoe||14,390||27.5||-0.4|
|Social Democratic||A. Page||14,024||27.93|
|Multiracial Political Party||M. Amin||327||0.65|
Elections in the 1970s
|National Front||Sylvia Jones||833||1.25|
|National Front||Sylvia Jones||2,040||4.12||+0.62|
|Conservative||Sir Frederick John Frank Hall||27,131||46.33|
|National Front||D.H. Smith||2,049||3.50|
|Conservative||Sir Frederick John Frank Hall||29,521||46.23|
|Conservative||Frederick John Frank Hall||40,151||55.93|
|Labour||Bryan S Jones||23,341||32.51|
|Liberal||Ernest Henry Palfrey||8,297||11.56|
Elections in the 1960s
|Conservative||Frederick John Frank Hall||31,577||49.25|
|Conservative||Frederick John Frank Hall||30,877||50.01|
|Labour||Michael Cecil John Barnes||21,534||34.88|
|Liberal||Arthur Donald Dennis||9,330||15.11|
Elections in the 1950s
|Conservative||Frederick John Frank Hall||30,774||53.29|
|Labour||Wilfred Gurney Fordham||19,904||34.47|
|Liberal||Arthur Donald Dennis||7,068||12.24|
|Conservative||Frederick John Frank Hall||29,845||57.67|
|Labour||Leopold Raymond Fletcher||21,905||42.33|
|Conservative||Frederick John Frank Hall||26,750|
|Labour||John Edwin Haire||24,650|
|Conservative||William Waldorf Astor||27,084||51.67|
|Labour||John Edwin Haire||25,331||48.33|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
|Labour||John Edwin Haire||21,491||42.09|
|Conservative||William Waldorf Astor||21,015||41.16|
|Liberal||Brian Armstrong Law||8,354||16.36|
|Communist||Mrs. E. Leigh||199||0.39|
Election in the 1940s
|Labour||John Edwin Haire||20,482||45.17|
|Liberal||Cecil Arthur Harrop Chadwick||6,916||15.25|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
A general election was expected 1939/40 and by 1939 the following had been adopted as candidates;
- Conservative: Sir Alfred Knox
- Labour: Ernest Whitfield
- Liberal: Vaughan Watkins
In 1938, the local Labour and Liberal parties had set up a formal organisation, 'The South Bucks Unity Committee' in support of a Popular Front and may well have agreed to support a joint candidate against the sitting Conservative.
Election in the 1930s
|Conservative||Sir Alfred William Fortescue Knox||34,747||64.87|
|Labour||Dr Ernest A Whitfield||18,817||35.13|
|Conservative||Sir Alfred William Fortescue Knox||41,208||79.20|
Election in the 1920s
|Unionist||Sir Alfred William Fortescue Knox||23,231||47.4||-7.4|
|Liberal||Leonard John Humphrey||16,929||34.5||+1.5|
|Labour||Mrs R Townsend||8,899||18.1||+5.9|
|Unionist||Sir Alfred William Fortescue Knox||20,820||54.8|
|Liberal||Lady Vera Terrington||12,526||33.0|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing|
|Liberal||Lady Vera Terrington||14,910||46.9||+11.1|
|Unionist||William Baring du Pré||13,228||41.7||-8.4|
|Liberal gain from Unionist||Swing||+9.8|
|Unionist||William Baring du Pré||15,627||50.1||n/a|
|Liberal||Lady Vera Terrington||11,154||35.8||n/a|
Election in the 1910s
|Unionist||William Baring Du Pré||unopposed||n/a||n/a|
|Unionist||William Baring Du Pré||9,044||57.4||n/a|
|Conservative||Sir Charles Alfred Cripps||unopposed||n/a||n/a|
|Conservative||Sir Charles Alfred Cripps||8,690||58.6|
|Liberal||Thomas Arnold Herbert||6,134||41.4|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing|
Election in the 1900s
|Liberal||Thomas Arnold Herbert||6,839||54.9|
|Conservative||A H S Cripps||5,626||45.1|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing|
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2015 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 29 April 2015. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- 2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 5)[self-published source][better source needed]
- Archdale, a Quaker, never took his seat as he was not prepared to take the prescribed oath
- On petition, Colyear's election was declared void and a by-election was called. He was re-elected at the by-election but once more voted by the committee not to have been duly returned, and his opponent, Waller, was seated instead.
- Waller was also elected for Marlow, which he chose to represent, and did not for Wycombe in this Parliament
- Vice Admiral from 1793
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- electorate 76371 provided by Wycombe Council elections office 22Jun2015
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Wycombe". BBC News Online. Retrieved 2010-05-07.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F.W.S.
- Craig, F. W. S. British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 London: Macmillan.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1974). British parliamentary election results 1885-1918 (1 ed.). London: Macmillan.
- Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) 
- D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
- Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) 
- The Constitutional Year Book for 1913 (London: National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations, 1913)
- F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885 (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)