Wylie, Texas

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Wylie, Texas
Nickelville (former)
City welcome sign
City welcome sign
Location of Wylie in Collin County, Texas
Location of Wylie in Collin County, Texas
Coordinates: 33°1′7″N 96°31′44″W / 33.01861°N 96.52889°W / 33.01861; -96.52889Coordinates: 33°1′7″N 96°31′44″W / 33.01861°N 96.52889°W / 33.01861; -96.52889[1]
CountryUnited States of America
StateTexas
CountiesCollin, Dallas, Rockwall
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • City CouncilMayor Matthew Porter[2]
David R. Duke
Dave Strang
Jeff Forrester
Scott Williams
Timothy T. Wallis D.V.M.
Garrett Mize
 • City ManagerBrent Parker
Area
 • Total37.29 sq mi (96.57 km2)
 • Land22.06 sq mi (57.13 km2)
 • Water15.23 sq mi (39.45 km2)
Elevation
558 ft (170 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total57,526
 • Density2,405.90/sq mi (928.95/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
75098
Area code(s)214, 469, 945, 972
FIPS code48-80356[4]
GNIS feature ID1350621[5]
WebsiteCity of Wylie Official Website

Wylie is a city and northeastern suburb of Dallas, that was once solely located in Collin County, but now extends into neighboring Dallas and Rockwall counties in the U.S. state of Texas. It is located on State Route 78 about 24 miles (39 km) northeast of central Dallas and centrally located between nearby Lavon Lake and Lake Ray Hubbard.[6]

History[edit]

Originally called Nickelville, reportedly after the name of the first store, it was organized in the early 1870s. The Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe Railway laid tracks a half mile north of the original townsite in 1886. The businesses of Nickelville moved to take advantage of the railroad within the following year, and the City of Wylie was incorporated in 1887 along the right-of-way. It was named for Lt. Colonel William D. Wylie, a right-of-way agent for the railroad[7] and Civil War veteran.

That same year, Wylie had given itself its name, established a post office branch, and incorporated, choosing an alderman form of government. Two years later, the St. Louis Southwestern Railway reached the town. The two railroads and the rich agricultural region of the Blackland Prairies contributed to the town's growth. In 1890, Wylie had a population of 400 and the first one-room school house was built. By 1900, it had grown to 773. In the next decade, the population tripled. Before 1920, the community had over 35 businesses, including two banks, a school, and a weekly newspaper.

Unlike many rural Texas communities, Wylie grew during the Great Depression years, reaching 914 residents by 1940. In part, this was a result of increased dairy farming to meet the demands of nearby Dallas. Following World War II, the population increase continued.

Onions were the town's cash crop in the 1930s and 1940s. "Wide Awake Wylie" became the city's nickname in the late 1940s and 1950s, a result of late night get-togethers of its citizens and businesses that stayed open until midnight on some evenings.

Designed to provide water for towns in four counties, the construction of the Lavon Dam and Reservoir 5 miles (8 km) north of town, and the selection of Wylie to house the offices of the North Texas Municipal Water District, pushed the population to 1,804 in 1960.

In the 1990s, Wylie had two disasters. On May 9, 1993 (Mother's Day), a tornado ravaged downtown Wylie. In December 1998, two fires destroyed and damaged several businesses. After that, the downtown area was renovated, while preserving the many century-old buildings that remained standing. On April 11, 2016, a hail storm struck Wylie that produced softball-sized hailstones and damaged an estimated 80% of homes in the city,[8][9] causing over $240 million[10] in damage.[11][12]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 35.317 square miles, of which 21.037 square miles are land and 14.280 square miles, or 40.43%, are covered by water.[13] Wylie is part of the subtropical region, with hot, dry summers and cold, mild, rainy winters.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890239
1900773223.4%
1910620−19.8%
192094552.4%
1930771−18.4%
194091418.5%
19501,29541.7%
19601,80439.3%
19702,67548.3%
19803,15217.8%
19908,716176.5%
200015,13273.6%
201041,427173.8%
202057,52638.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]
Wylie racial composition as of 2020[15]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 29,582 51.42%
Black or African American (NH) 7,792 13.55%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 260 0.45%
Asian (NH) 5,693 9.9%
Pacific Islander (NH) 40 0.07%
Some Other Race (NH) 263 0.46%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 2,636 4.58%
Hispanic or Latino 11,260 19.57%
Total 57,526

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 57,526 people, 15,730 households, and 12,863 families residing in the city. As of the 2010 census the population was 41,427,[18] having grown 173.8% since the census of 2000, when 15,132 people, 5,085 households, and 4,108 families resided in the city.[4] The population density was 781.2 people per square mile (301.6/km2). The 5,326 housing units averaged 275.0 per square mile (106.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 90.45% White, 2.07% African American, 0.70% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 4.30% from other races, and 1.86% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 10.44% of the population. At the 2020 census, the racial and ethnic makeup was 51.42% non-Hispanic white, 13.55% African American, 0.45% Native American, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.46% some other race, 4.58% multiracial, and 19.57% Hispanic or Latino of any race.[15]

Of the 5,085 households in 2000, 50.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.9% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.2% were not families. About 15.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.29.

In the city, the population was distributed as 33.4% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 37.6% from 25 to 44, 15.9% from 45 to 64, and 5.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.9 males.

In 2000, the median income for a household in the city was $58,393, and for a family was $62,903. Males had a median income of $44,239 versus $31,084 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,987. About 2.4% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.3% of those under age 18 and 3.4% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Wylie has a council-manager form of government, composed of a mayor and six council members[19] (elected at large) along with an appointed city manager.[20] The city has operated under a city charter (home rule) since 1985, when voters approved the measure in a referendum. The city of Wylie is a voluntary member of the North Central Texas Council of Governments association, the purpose of which is to coordinate individual and collective local governments and facilitate regional solutions, eliminate unnecessary duplication, and enable joint decisions.

Education[edit]

Most of the Collin County portion of Wylie is served by Wylie Independent School District. Small portions in Collin County are served by Community Independent School District, Plano Independent School District, and Princeton Independent School District.[21] The Dallas County portion is served by Garland Independent School District.[22] The Rockwall County portion is served by Rockwall Independent School District.[23]

As of December 2019, Wylie has 11 elementary schools, 3 intermediate schools, 3 junior high schools, and 3 high schools, including Achieve Academy. Collin College opened its new Wylie campus in August 2020 that can service up to 7,500 students at full capacity.[24]

Transportation[edit]

Wylie is served by these highways:

Kansas City Southern provides freight rail services (its line roughly parallels State Highway 78) and operates an intermodal facility in the city.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  2. ^ "City Council".
  3. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "City Between the Lakes". City of Wylie. Retrieved March 28, 2013.
  7. ^ "Wylie, Texas (Collin County)". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 27 Mar 2013.
  8. ^ "April 11th 2016 Hail Storm". National Weather Service. Retrieved 2020-11-17.
  9. ^ Reavis, Joe (2016-04-13). "Softball size hail pummels Wylie". Wylie News. Retrieved 2020-11-17.
  10. ^ "Damage Cost from Texas Spring Hail Storms at Nearly $700M: CoreLogic". Insurance Journal. 2016-07-25. Retrieved 2020-11-17.
  11. ^ Steele, Tom (2016-04-11). "Severe storms bring softball-size hail to North Texas; Wylie ISD schools will be closed Tuesday". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved 2020-11-17.
  12. ^ Zakalik, Lauren (2016-04-12). "Wylie residents reeling after storm damage". WFAA.com. Retrieved 2020-11-17.
  13. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 5 Apr 2013.
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 10, 2022.
  15. ^ a b "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-05-21.
  16. ^ https://www.census.gov/[not specific enough to verify]
  17. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  18. ^ "State & County QuickFacts, Wylie city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved 5 Apr 2013.
  19. ^ "Mayor & City Council". City of Wylie. Retrieved March 28, 2013.
  20. ^ "City Manager's Office". City of Wylie. Retrieved March 28, 2013.
  21. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Collin County, TX" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2021-06-14.
  22. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Dallas County, TX" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2021-06-14.
  23. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Rockwall County, TX" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2021-06-14.
  24. ^ "Wylie Campus - Collin College". Collin College. Retrieved 20 November 2020.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[16][17]

External links[edit]

WYLIE ISD Schools Elementary (K–4th) Akin,Birmingham,Bush,Cox,Dodd,Groves,Hartman,Smith,Tibbals,Watkins,Whitt Intermediate (5th–6th) Davis,Draper,Harrison Junior High (7th–8th) McMillan,Cooper,Burnett High School (9th–12th) Wylie High and Wylie East High Disciplinary Academy (K–12th) Achieve Academy District Offices WISD Education Foundation INC Links for websites https://www.wylieisd.net/