Wymering Manor

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Wymering Manor frontage.

Coordinates: 50°50′46″N 1°04′41″W / 50.846°N 1.078°W / 50.846; -1.078

Wymering Manor is a Grade II* listed building, which is the oldest in the city of Portsmouth, England, and was the manor house of Wymering, a settlement mentioned in the Domesday Book. It is first recorded in 1042, when it was owned by King Edward the Confessor. After the Battle of Hastings it became the property of King William the Conqueror, until 1084.[1]

History[edit]

A Roman settlement existed at Wymering from c.43 AD to 408 – a marshy coastline ran close to the present site of Wymering Manor and a Roman outpost camp was likely to have been sited there to defend Portchester Castle.[2]

Medieval[edit]

In Saxon times, c.409, a tribal leader named Wimm lived near the shore of Paulsgrove Lake and may have included the land of Wymering Manor in his village. Attributed with the origin of the name of Wymering as a hamlet at the crossroads of the Portchester to Cosham and Portsdown Hill to Paulsgrove Lake tracks.

The first recorded occupant of Wymering Manor was William Mauduit who probably came across with the invasion of 1066 from his home in Normandy and was involved in local research for the Great Survey of 1086 – known as the Domesday book. He held other manors in Hampshire and married a Portchester girl named Hawyse in 1069 with whom he had three children.

The history of the manor has been sketched by Mrs. Andrew Davies in her History of Cosham (pub. 1906). At the time of the Domesday Survey (1086) it was held by William the Conqueror in demesne as it had been by King Edward the Confessor, in connection with Portchester Castle.

In the thirteenth century the manor was granted first to Fulkes de Wymering and afterwards to William de Fortibus, and was held of the King by military service at Portchester.

In 1285 Edward I granted the manor to John le Botelier, in whose family it remained for a century; it then passed to the Waytes, from whom it passed in 1570 by marriage to the Brunnings, a well-known Roman Catholic family.

16th and 17th centuries[edit]

The majority of the current building is 16th century in construction. However, there still exist parts that contain Roman and medieval materials. The cellars are reputedly Saxon in origin. The early origins of the site are supported by archaeology of the area that implies that the area has been inhabited since at least the Roman period.

Inside the manor is a spacious hall which is dominated by twin Jacobean staircases and gallery with barley sugar twist balusters. The panelled walls and pilasters are in building styles associated with the Tudor Elizabethan period. Two priest-holes are also located in the house.

18th century[edit]

On the death of Edward Bruning, aged 98, in 1707 the manor changed hands several times until in 1761 the Rev. Richard Harris (great-grandson of Warden Harris), Vicar of Wymering and Rector of Wydley, bought a moiety of the manor from Sir Edward Worsley, and in 1768 the rest of the manor from William Smith.

The Rev. Richard Harris died without issue and intestate in 1768, and the manor went to his nephew and heir at law, Lovelace Bigg, who in 1783 added to the property 127 acres (0.51 km2) by purchase from Lord Dormer.

Wymering, which came to the Bigg-Withers on the death in 1768 of Rev. Richard Harris, brother of Jane Harris, who was the mother of Lovelace Bigg, is of special interest to the family as the home of the Rev. Charles Blackstone (Vicar of Wymering 1774–1804) and of Harris Bigg-Wither from his marriage (1804) to the death of his father, Lovelace Bigg-Wither, in 1813. Here Harris Bigg-Wither's six elder children were born.

19th century[edit]

In 1835 the old manor house and sixty-eight acres was sold by the Rev. Lovelace Bigg-Wither for £5000 to Mr. John Martin, who had long been tenant, and the rest of the property, comprising about 336 acres (1.36 km2) with house, was sold in 1858 to Rev. George Nugee and Mr. Thos. Thistlethwayte for £14,827. 14s. 8d.

The Reverend Nugee made major alterations to the manor, from which he ran a training college for overseas missions, as well as rebuilding Wymering Parish Church opposite, during his residence from 1859 and 1872.[3][4][5]

A distinguished visitor during Victorian times was Queen Emma of The Sandwich Islands. Her son Andrew was a godson of Queen Victoria.

20th century[edit]

The Manor was purchased by Thomas Knowlys-Parr and his aunt Mrs Nightingale in 1899, who made a number of alterations, including the incorporation of features from Bold Hall near St Helen's in Lancashire, which was demolished in 1900, to complete the conversion of the manor into a country house by 1908.[3][4][5] The British Army took possession of the manor following the death of Knowlys-Parr in 1938 for the duration of World War II.[4]

Local builders P.J.A. and G.A. Day purchased the property in 1946 who used several acres of the gardens for the construction of houses and sold on the manor and the remaining land.[3] New owner, Airspeed director and designer, Leonard Metcalfe took up and residence and made further alterations to the building, which was made Grade II listed in 1953, up until his death in 1958.[3]

The Manor was scheduled for demolition to make way for a housing development in 1959.[4] A local campaign resulted in the property being purchased by Portsmouth City Council in 1960, financed by selling off two-acres of the gardens for house construction and leasing of the building to the Youth Hostel Association.[3]

21st century[edit]

While serving as YHA Hostel, the Manor, which was upgraded to Grade II* listed in 2003, became a favourite of ghost hunters from across the UK. The hostel was eventually closed and the Manor was sold off by the council when the upkeep costs became too much following the collapse of a timber support in 2006.[3][4] The purchaser's plan to convert the manor into a hotel and function rooms, trading on the historic and paranormal links (including a visit from the Most Haunted Live television programme in May 2006), were never realised and ownership reverted to the council.[6] The Manor was put up for sale by auction in London on 21 September 2010,[7][8] but failed to meet its reserve price.[9] The Manor was first listed on the Heritage at Risk Register by English Heritage in 2011.[10]

The Wymering Manor Trust[edit]

In January 2013 The council officially handed Wymering Manor, along with a start-up grant of £30,000 to help towards the cost of restoration, over to The Wymering Manor Trust[11] The original trustees Appointed in 2013 where as follows: David Bourne, DR Celia Clark, Benjamin Edward French, Andrew Mason, Penny Mordaunt MP, Rev Juliet Straw, Cllr Robert Wood, John Goodall [12]

The Trust, which held the building's first community open day on 5 May 2013,[13] subsequently received for a further £50,000 from the People's Millions, a collaboration between the Big Lottery Fund and the ITV (TV network).[14] Following a survey in 2014 that unearthed evidence of Deathwatch beetle in the old oak beams the eventual cost of restoration was estimated at £2.5m, leaving the trust searching for further sources of funding.[15]

On 10 September 2016 the manor took part in the national Heritage Open Days initiative, and opened its doors to the general public. Carried out in partnership with Torchlight Heritage the property saw over 300 visitors on the day.

In November 2016 the trust completed significant works to the external fence. Removing the front portion of wooden panels and replacing it with a stronger more durable metal mesh. Allowing for a complete and unobstructed view of the front portion of the building.

Local folklore and legend[edit]

Haunting[edit]

The manor has been proclaimed Hampshire’s Most Haunted house, by David Scanlan, founder of the Hampshire Ghost Society, who was responsible for bringing the alleged haunting to the attention of paranormal investigators and the public during his time as manager of the youth hostel there from 2002 to 2006.[16][17][better source needed] The Manor's reputation for being haunted was blamed by the press for the property's failure to sell at auction in 2010,[11] although a local chartered surveyor had described it as a unique selling point likely to appeal to developers wanting to turn it into a guest house.[8][not in citation given] Manor trustees have confirmed the value of the Manor's reputation in getting the public interested in the restoration of the building.[18][not in citation given]

The ghosts have played their part in generating interest in the manor. They will always be part of the manor but there is so much more to the house, as we give it a bigger, new life.

— Portsmouth North MP Penny Mordaunt[18]

The reported paranormal activity includes sudden drops in temperature, children whispering, furniture moving and apparitions of more than twenty ghosts.[15][not in citation given]

Reckless Roddy[edit]

During the medieval period, according to local legend, Sir Roderick of Portchester rode to the manor to take advantage of a young bride who had been left alone on her wedding night when her new husband had been called away by an emergency. Unfortunately for Reckless Roddy the husband returned chased him from the house and thrust a sword through him as he attempted to mount his horse. The horse bolted. One night during the Second World War, Leonard Metcalfe stated that he heard a horse gallop down the lane near the manor, and one night in 1960 YHA Warden Mr. E. Jones heard a horse outside the building.[19][better source needed] The apparitions of Reckless Roddy's ghost are said to occur when a new bride is brought into the house.[16][19][better source needed]

Francis Austen[edit]

The ghost of Sir Francis William Austen, brother of Jane Austen and former warden of the adjacent St. Peter and St. Paul's church, who is presumed[by whom?] to have visited the manor while it served as the vicarage, has reportedly been sighted on numerous occasions and is said[by whom?] to have smiled at one of the staff.[16][19][unreliable source?]

Bloody Nun[edit]

The apparition of a nun with bloody hands, sighted at the top of the stairs outside a small attic room known as Noah's Ark, has been linked by paranormal investigators to a local legend that this room was once where babies, possibly the product of illicit relations between monks and nuns, were aborted before being buried in the garden.[20]

Other Legends[edit]

Thomas Knowlys-Parr[edit]

Former resident Thomas Knowlys-Parr, reportedly a descendant of both Catherine Parr and Old Tom Parr, is said to have been visited one night by a long deceased cousin who informed of the death of their aunt. He is also said[by whom?] to have lent a brocade court dress belonging to his royal ancestor to a local girl for a carnival and to have laid out 200 silver spoons for village fetes, all of which were returned.[19][unreliable source?]

Smugglers' Tunnels[edit]

The Manor is allegedly connected to the Wymering Church and possibly even Southwick Priory by old tunnels that may have been used by local smugglers.[19][unreliable source?]

Amy Johnson[edit]

Aviation pioneer and fellow Airspeed Ltd. director Amy Johnson is said[according to whom?] to have been a guest of Leonard Metcalfe at the manor, but she died before he purchased the property.[19][unreliable source?]

Media appearances[edit]

The manor was the subject of an episode of the Antix Productions series Most Haunted Live! broadcast on 5 May 2006 as part of its Panic In Portsmouth strand, which included episodes from Southsea Castle and the Royal Marines Museum.

A short film about the manor and its application for £50,000 from The People's Millions was shown on ITV Meridian on 26 November 2013.

On 25 August 2014 the short horror film named "The Tour" was released.[21] It was filmed at Wymering Manor and had some resonance with the ghost tours that actually happen as part of the trusts fundraising regime.[22]

In October 2014 local radio station Wave 105 featured Wymering Manor as part of the Paranormal Hour. The team with members of Dark Encounters broadcast live from the house and searched for evidence of the paranormal.

In January 2017 Wymering Manor featured in Channel 4's The Undateables season 6, episode 2 with Josh and Lily, who took their first date in this historic building,[23] Hosted by Dark Encounters. The Dead Days also released their first 2017 music video for the single "Don't Mean" which was filmed at the house, by production company Future Epic Productions.[24] Trustee Benjamin Edward French said "Its great that this historic building is able to play host to some very diverse production's. Each room is different, allowing production companies to portray the illusion that multiple locations where used"[25]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pevsner,N "The Buildings of England: Hampshire and The Isle of Wight" Harmondsworth, Penguin, 1967 ISBN 0-14-071032-9
  2. ^ Fryer,J "Wymering Manor: a brief history" Portsmouth, Friends of Wymering Manor, 2006
  3. ^ a b c d e f "An introduction to Wymering Manor House". Friends of Old Wymering. Retrieved 31 January 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Wymering Manor Official History". Wymering Manor Trust. Retrieved 31 January 2015. 
  5. ^ a b "List Entry for Wymering Manor (Youth Hostel)". English Heritage. Retrieved 31 January 2015. 
  6. ^ "Something strange in the neighbourhood ... and it's up for sale: But would you buy Britain's 'most-haunted' manor house?". The Daily Mail. 10 September 2010. Retrieved 1 February 2015. 
  7. ^ "Most haunted house in England up for sale". Toronto Sun. 10 September 2010. Retrieved 22 September 2010. 
  8. ^ a b "Portsmouth's 'haunted' manor house auctioned off". BBC. 13 September 2010. Retrieved 31 January 2015. 
  9. ^ "Portsmouth's 'haunted' manor house fails to sell". BBC. 21 September 2010. Retrieved 22 September 2010. 
  10. ^ "Listing on Heritage at Risk Register for Wymering Manor". English Heritage. Retrieved 1 February 2015. 
  11. ^ a b "Council gives away £375,000 manor 'because it is haunted'". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2015-01-31. 
  12. ^ https://beta.companieshouse.gov.uk/company/08349936/officers Charity Commission Register of Trustees of Wymering Manor Trust
  13. ^ "Scores of people attend first Wymering Manor open day". The News. 6 May 2013. Retrieved 31 January 2015. 
  14. ^ "Mind Your Manor". The People's Millions. 2013. Retrieved 1 February 2015. 
  15. ^ a b "Restoration hopes despite decay of 'haunted' Wymering Manor". BBC. 13 January 2014. Retrieved 31 January 2015. 
  16. ^ a b c Scanlan, David (2013). Paranormal Hampshire. Amberley Publishing. 
  17. ^ "Wymering Manor Ghosts are friendly, says former resident". Spooky Isles. Retrieved 2015-01-31. 
  18. ^ a b "Volunteers' hopes for 'haunted' Wymering Manor". BBC. 2013-02-15. Retrieved 2015-01-31. 
  19. ^ a b c d e f "Legends, Ghosts & Tales of Wymering Manor" (PDF). Spooky Locations International. Retrieved 2015-01-31. 
  20. ^ Scanlan, David (2013). Paranormal Hampshire. Amberley Publishing
  21. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt3518044/
  22. ^ http://www.visitportsmouth.co.uk/whats-on/ghost-stories-from-the-manor-p1270951
  23. ^ http://www.channel4.com/programmes/the-undateables
  24. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9-d2_cqofpI
  25. ^ First hand interview with Benjamin Edward French, Trustee Wymering Manor Trust

External links[edit]