Wyoming County, New York

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Wyoming County, New York
County of New York State
Wyoming County Courthouse taken 2013.jpg
Old Wyoming County Courthouse
Seal of Wyoming County, New York
Seal
Map of New York highlighting Wyoming County
Location in the U.S. state of New York
Map of the United States highlighting New York
New York's location in the U.S.
Founded 1841
Seat Warsaw
Largest town Attica
Area
 • Total 596 sq mi (1,544 km2)
 • Land 593 sq mi (1,536 km2)
 • Water 3.5 sq mi (9 km2), 0.6%
Population
 • (2010) 42,155
 • Density 71/sq mi (27/km2)
Congressional district 27th
Time zone Eastern: UTC−5/−4
Website www.wyomingco.net

Wyoming County is a county in the U.S. state of New York in the state's western area. As of the 2010 census, the population was 42,155.[1] The county seat is Warsaw.[2] The name is modified from a Lenape (Delaware) Indian word meaning "broad bottom lands". Wyoming County was formed from Genesee County in 1841.

History[edit]

As with the rest of Western New York, Wyoming County was part of disputed territory throughout the 17th and 18th centuries, claimed by the Massachusetts Bay Colony, Connecticut Colony, Pennsylvania Colony, New York Colony, and (to a lesser extent) New France. New York's claims were not recognized until the Treaty of Hartford was ratified in 1786 and were not actively asserted until the Holland Purchase.

In regard to New York's claim, as of 1683 the present Wyoming County was part of Albany County of the Province of New York. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766, by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770, by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in the state of Vermont.

On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. One of the other pieces, Tryon County, contained the western portion (and thus, since no western boundary was specified, theoretically still extended west to the Pacific). The eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west of the present city of Schenectady, and the county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountains and the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River. The area then designated as Tryon County now includes 37 counties of New York State. The county was named for William Tryon, colonial governor of New York.

In the years prior to 1776, most of the Loyalists in Tryon County fled to Canada. In 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, the name of Tryon County was changed to Montgomery County in order to honor the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of Quebec, replacing the name of the hated British governor.

In 1789, Ontario County was split off from Montgomery as part of the establishment of the Morris Reserve.

Almost all of the land west of the Genesee River, including all of present-day Wyoming County, was part of the Holland Land Purchase in 1793. It was sold privately to settlers through the Holland Land Company's office in Batavia, starting in 1801.

Genesee County was created by a splitting of Ontario County in 1802 to govern the land acquired in the Holland Purchase. This territory was much larger than the present Genesee County. It was reduced in size in 1806 by creating Allegany County; again in 1808 by creating Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, and Niagara counties. Niagara County at that time also included the present Erie County.

In 1821, portions of Genesee County were combined with portions of Ontario County to create Livingston and Monroe counties.

Genesee County was further reduced in size in 1824 by creating Orleans County.

Finally, in 1841, Wyoming County was created from the southern half of Genesee County, the northwest corner of Allegany County, and a small portion of the northeast corner of Cattaraugus County.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 596 square miles (1,540 km2), of which 593 square miles (1,540 km2) is land and 3.5 square miles (9.1 km2) (0.6%) is water.[3]

Wyoming County is in the western part of New York State, east of Buffalo and slightly west of due south of Rochester. The county is in the Holland Purchase Region.

The county is largely rural, dotted with small towns. Even the county seat, Warsaw is quite small. The land surface is generally broken and hilly, and the soil fertile.[4] Much of the area is wooded, used for timber. Some that are predominantly maple are tapped each spring for the production of maple syrup. Agriculture dominates the county economy. Apple orchards were once a major agricultural endeavor, but only a few are left. The area is also well known for outdoor sports, being an excellent area for fishing, hunting, and snowmobiling.

An active geologic fault runs down the Dale valley through Linden, to the east of Batavia and into Lake Ontario. Movement of the fault is an occasional source of minor earthquakes, which, at most, have toppled a couple chimneys. The Dale Valley has been developed as a source of salt by way of brine wells, for the chemical industry. A pipeline moves the brine to Niagara Falls.

The county is bounded on the southeast by the Genesee River, and drained by tributaries of that stream, as well as Tonawanda, Buffalo, and other creeks.[4] An important tributary of the Genesee River, Oatka Creek, has its source in the Town of Gainesville within the county.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
185031,981
186031,9680.0%
187029,164−8.8%
188030,9076.0%
189031,1930.9%
190030,413−2.5%
191031,8804.8%
192030,314−4.9%
193028,764−5.1%
194031,3949.1%
195032,8224.5%
196034,7936.0%
197037,6888.3%
198039,8955.9%
199042,5076.5%
200043,4242.2%
201042,155−2.9%
Est. 201740,493[5]−3.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

At the 2000 census,[10] there were 43,424 people, 14,906 households and 10,717 families residing in the county. The population density was 73 per square mile (28/km²). There were 16,940 housing units at an average density of 29 per square mile (11/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.84% White, 5.52% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.32% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. 2.94% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 31.7% were of German, 12.5% English, 10.9% Irish, 10.2% Polish, 9.3% American and 7.7% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. 97.1% spoke English and 1.8% Spanish as their first language.

There were 14,906 households of which 34.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.30% were married couples living together, 9.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.10% were non-families. 23.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.08.

Age distribution was 24.10% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 32.80% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 12.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 118.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 122.40 males.

The median household income was $39,895, and the median family income was $45,088. Males had a median income of $31,973 versus $22,252 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,248. About 5.80% of families and 8.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.60% of those under age 18 and 5.80% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Wyoming County is somewhat unusual among New York counties in that it remains governed by a 16-member Board of Supervisors, consisting of the town supervisor of each town in its territory.[11]

State and federal government[edit]

Office District Area of the county Officeholder Party First took office Residence
Congressman New York's 27th congressional district All[12] Christopher C. Collins Republican 2013 Clarence, Erie County
State Senator 59th State Senate District All[13] Patrick M. Gallivan Republican 2011 Elma, Erie County
State Assemblyman 147th State Assembly District All[14] David J. DiPietro Republican 2013 East Aurora, Erie County

Wyoming County is part of:

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 71.9% 12,442 22.6% 3,904 5.5% 952
2012 63.4% 10,348 34.7% 5,661 2.0% 326
2008 62.3% 10,998 36.1% 6,379 1.6% 290
2004 64.6% 11,745 33.8% 6,134 1.6% 290
2000 61.3% 10,809 34.0% 5,999 4.7% 825
1996 47.3% 7,477 36.3% 5,735 16.5% 2,609
1992 44.7% 7,324 24.7% 4,045 30.6% 5,006
1988 63.6% 9,451 35.2% 5,228 1.2% 184
1984 71.7% 11,199 28.0% 4,381 0.3% 42
1980 55.7% 8,108 36.0% 5,234 8.3% 1,210
1976 62.6% 9,726 36.9% 5,737 0.5% 76
1972 71.8% 11,184 28.0% 4,365 0.3% 39
1968 61.5% 8,459 32.5% 4,477 6.0% 829
1964 40.7% 6,099 59.2% 8,866 0.1% 15
1960 66.2% 10,793 33.8% 5,508 0.0% 6
1956 78.6% 12,499 21.4% 3,397 0.0% 0
1952 75.1% 12,154 24.9% 4,038 0.0% 2
1948 67.8% 9,871 31.0% 4,508 1.3% 185
1944 69.6% 10,219 30.3% 4,455 0.1% 15
1940 71.9% 11,323 27.9% 4,393 0.3% 39
1936 69.1% 10,253 29.8% 4,420 1.1% 168
1932 66.3% 9,377 31.8% 4,490 1.9% 270
1928 71.5% 10,830 26.4% 3,992 2.2% 330
1924 74.1% 10,148 18.3% 2,512 7.6% 1,045
1920 75.5% 9,134 20.2% 2,442 4.3% 525
1916 62.1% 4,952 34.9% 2,783 2.9% 234
1912 35.8% 2,838 32.1% 2,541 32.2% 2,550
1908 62.3% 5,308 33.9% 2,885 3.8% 324
1904 65.8% 5,456 29.9% 2,477 4.4% 364
1900 60.3% 5,032 34.7% 2,896 5.0% 415
1896 62.3% 4,967 33.9% 2,706 3.8% 302
1892 55.6% 4,430 37.0% 2,948 7.4% 588
1888 57.0% 4,899 36.9% 3,166 6.1% 524
1884 54.4% 4,441 39.1% 3,189 6.6% 536

In state and national politics, Wyoming County is one of the most Republican counties in New York, a state that characteristically votes Democratic. In both the 2004 and 2008 U.S. Presidential elections, it was the second-reddest county in New York, behind Hamilton County. In fact, the only Democrat to carry the county since the Civil War has been Lyndon Baines Johnson in 1964, during an election when no county in the Empire State supported Republican Barry Goldwater.[16] In 2004, George W. Bush carried Wyoming County by a 30.9 percent margin over John Kerry, with Kerry carrying the state by an 18.3 percent margin. In 2008, John McCain won the county by a 26.1 percent margin over Barack Obama, with Obama defeating McCain statewide by 26.7 percent. In New York's 2006 U.S. Senatorial election, Wyoming County voted for John Spencer by a 4% margin over Hillary Clinton, with Clinton being reelected by a 36% margin over Spencer.[17] In 2012, Wyoming County again selected a Republican for this seat, being one of only two counties (the other being neighboring Allegany County) to vote in favor of Republican candidate Wendy Long rather than Democratic incumbent Kirsten Gilibrand. In 2016, Wyoming gave Donald Trump his largest vote share in New York, as it was the only county to break 70% in favor of the Republican.

Points of interest[edit]

  • Letchworth State Park, on the Genesee River forms part of the southeastern boundary of the county. A deep gorge with three major waterfalls characterize this scenic and historic area, created when a glacier during the last Ice age diverted the river and forced it to cut a new valley. It is the home area of Mary Jemison, the White Woman of the Genesee, who was captured as a young person by the Seneca tribe and became an important figure in negotiations between the tribe and the land companies.
  • Middlebury Academy, in Wyoming village, the first high school level school west of the Genesee. The Greek revival building still exists and is on the National Register of Historic Places.
  • Hillside Inn, opened originally as a spa at mineral springs on the hill above Wyoming village around 1841, has entertained many important persons, including Theodore Roosevelt and his family and Susan B. Anthony,
  • Arcade and Attica Railroad is a restoration of a steam locomotive.
  • Attica maximum security prison is located in the northernmost part of the county.
  • The Bliss Wind Farm is located in Eagle.
  • Gaslight Village - downtown Wyoming is a historic village lit by gas street lamps. Deposits of natural gas and salt have been an economic factor in the development of the area.
  • Silver Lake - this tiny glacial lake is the only one of the Finger Lakes group of lakes that is west of the Genesee.
  • Morton Salt - One of the largest salt mines in the Northeast is located in Silver Springs and has been running since the mid-to-late 19th century.
  • Charcoal Corral - Twin drive-in theater with pizza, ice cream, golf, concerts, arcade, cruise night, and restaurant.

Communities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Villages[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Hamlets[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 13, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 19, 2014. Retrieved January 8, 2015. 
  4. ^ a b Wikisource Ripley, George; Dana, Charles A., eds. (1879). "Wyoming. I. A W. county of New York". The American Cyclopædia. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved January 8, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 8, 2015. 
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 8, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 8, 2015. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ McKinley, Dave (February 13, 2013). Wyoming Co. Supervisors Call On NYS To Repeal SAFE Act. WGRZ. Retrieved February 13, 2013.
  12. ^ W, Eric (2012-04-02). "Congressional District 27" (PDF). View 2012 Congressional Maps. Albany, New York: The New York State Legislative Task Force on Demographic Research and Reapportionment. Retrieved 2013-01-13. 
  13. ^ W, Eric (2012-03-02). "Senate District 59" (PDF). View 2012 Senate District Maps. Albany, New York: The New York State Legislative Task Force on Demographic Research and Reapportionment. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  14. ^ W, Eric (2012-01-25). "Assembly District 147" (PDF). View Proposed 2012 Assembly District Maps. Albany, New York: The New York State Legislative Task Force on Demographic Research and Reapportionment. Retrieved 2013-01-16. 
  15. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  16. ^ Menendez, Albert J.; The Geography of Presidential Elections in the United States, 1868-2004, pp. 90, 263 ISBN 0786422173
  17. ^ U.S. Election Atlas
  18. ^ *List of people with the longest marriages
  19. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°50′N 78°5′W / 42.833°N 78.083°W / 42.833; -78.083