Wyszesława of Kiev

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Wyszesława
Wyszesława.jpeg
Wyszesława of Kiev
Duchess consort of Poland
Reign 1068?–1079
Predecessor Maria Dobroniega of Kiev
Successor Judith of Bohemia
Born 1047?
Died after 1089
Spouse Bolesław II the Bold
Issue Mieszko Bolesławowic
House Riurik Dynasty
House of Piast
Father Sviatoslav II of Kiev
Mother Kilikia

Wyszesława Sviatoslavna of Kiev (b. ca. 1047?[1] – d. aft. 1089), was a Kievan Rus' princess and member of the Rurikid dynasty and by marriage Duchess and later Queen of Poland.

She was the eldest child and only daughter of Sviatoslav II, Prince of Chernihiv and later Grand Prince of Kiev, by his wife Kilikia, probably member of the House of Dithmarschen.[2]

Life[edit]

The chronicler Jan Długosz and other authors reported her parentage.[3] She was certainly married to Bolesław II the Bold, Duke of Poland before 1069, because in that year their only child, Mieszko, was born. She was probably crowned Queen of Poland with her husband on Christmas Day of 1076 in the Gniezno Cathedral by the Archbishop Bogumił.

In 1079, together with her husband and son she was exiled in Hungary. Two years later (ca. 1081/82) Bolesław II died under mysterious circumstances, probably by poison. In 1086, together with her son Mieszko, Wyszesława returned to Poland. According to Gallus Anonymus, she participated in the funeral of her son, who was poisoned in 1089. This is the last mention of the wife of Bolesław II the Bold; her fate remains unknown.

Modern historians, led by Oswald Balzer in his Genealogia Piastów (1895), refuted the name and origins of Bolesław II's wife. They stated that she likely had a German or Russian origin. Also, there is the theory that the Queen Agnes (Agnes Regina) whose obituary is recorded in Zwiefalten was the wife of Bolesław II; it is also believed that she belonged to the Přemyslid dynasty.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Genealogía, Reyes y Reinos by Nicolas Homar [retrieved 15 July 2014].
  2. ^ RUSSIA, Rurik - Vizeslava Sviatoslavna wife Boleslaw II Poland in MedLands Projects by Charles Crowley [retrieved 15 July 2014].
  3. ^ Nicholas Baumgarten (1927), p. 20, citing Sommersberg, Selisiacorum Rerum Scriptores, vol. V, cap. 1, pp. 650-651; Monumenta Poloniae Historica, vol. IV, cap. 10; Tatyszczew, vol. III, p. 119, and Linniczenko, Relations mutuelles de Russie et de Pologne, pag. 53.
  4. ^ T. Jurek, Agnes regina. W poszukiwaniu żony Bolesława Szczodrego, LXXII, 2006, s. 95-104.
Wyszesława of Kiev
Born: ca. 1047? Died: aft. 1089
Royal titles
Preceded by
Maria Dobroniega of Kiev
Duchess consort of Poland
Queen from 1076

1068?–1079
Succeeded by
Judith of Bohemia