X-Men in other media

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Adaptations of the X-Men in other media
X-Men logo.svg
Created by
Original sourceComics published by Marvel Comics
First appearanceThe X-Men #1 (September 1963)
Print publications
Novel(s)
  • X-Men: Dark Mirror
  • X-Men Mutant Empire Saga
Reference book(s)Science of the X-Men
Films and television
Film(s)
Television
show(s)

The X-Men is a fictional superhero team created by Marvel Comics that appear in comic books and other forms of media.

Television[edit]

Animation[edit]

1960s[edit]

The X-Men made their first animated appearance on The Marvel Super Heroes TV series in 1966 with Professor X commanding the original X-Men line-up of Cyclops, Beast, Marvel Girl, Angel, and Iceman.[1] In this episode the X-Men are not referred to as the X-Men but rather as the Allies for Peace.[2]

1980s[edit]

1990s[edit]

2000s[edit]

  • In 2000, The WB Network launched X-Men: Evolution, which portrayed the X-Men as teenagers attending a regular public high school in addition to the Xavier Institute. The series ended in 2003 after its fourth season. The show focused on Professor X, Cyclops, Jean Grey, Spyke (Storm's nephew), Storm, Wolverine, Rogue, Beast, Kitty Pryde (as Shadowcat) and Nightcrawler.[2] The series also featured the New Mutants starting in the second season, consisting of Boom Boom, Sunspot, Iceman, Wolfsbane, Magma, Multiple, Jubilee, Berzerker and Cannonball. Angel also makes appearances. Colossus, X-23 and Gambit appear as villains in this incarnation.
  • In 2003, the X-Men and mutant-kind were mentioned in an episode of the short-lived CGI series Spider-Man: The New Animated Series, "The Party". Peter Parker is quoted as saying, "I bet the X-Men get to go to parties." Soon after, he is ambushed by a group of police officers, one of them calling him a "mutant freak".[4]
  • In 2006, Minimates released a short animated brickfilm, X-Men: Darktide on DVD with a box set of figures. The story involved the X-Men battling the Brotherhood at an oil rig. The team consists of Cyclops, Jean Grey, Archangel, Wolverine, the Beast, Xavier and Storm. The Brotherhood team is Mystique, Magneto and Juggernaut.[5]
  • Wolverine and the X-Men debuted in the United States on January 23, 2009. It featured Wolverine, Emma Frost, Cyclops, Beast, Storm, Kitty Pryde (as Shadowcat), Iceman, Rogue, Nightcrawler, Angel-Archangel, Jean Grey and Professor X. The show was cancelled after just one season.[2]
  • The X-Men appeared on Cartoon Network's The Super Hero Squad Show.[6]

2010s[edit]

As part of a four-series collaboration between the Japanese Madhouse animation house and Marvel, the X-Men and Wolverine both starred in two separate 12 episode anime series that premiered in Japan on Animax and in the United States on G4 in 2011.[7][8] The X-Men series deals with the X-Men coming to Japan to investigate the disappearance of Armor. The antagonists are the U-Men.[9][10] It featured Cyclops, Wolverine, Storm, Beast, Emma Frost, Armor and Charles Xavier, as well as frequent flashbacks with Jean Grey. Other X-Men like Colossus and Rogue made cameo appearances in the finale.

Live action[edit]

Motion comics[edit]

Marvel produced motion comics based on Astonishing X-Men, releasing them on Hulu, iTunes, the PlayStation Store and other video services. These animated episodes were released on DVD through Shout! Factory. It has been announced that Marvel Knights Animation will continue animating Joss Whedon and John Cassaday's run.[15] Starting with the second storyline of the series Astonishing X-Men: Dangerous.[16]

The titles in the series include:

  • Astonishing X-Men: Gifted (2009)
  • Astonishing X-Men: Dangerous (April 2012)
  • Astonishing X-Men: Torn (August 2012)
  • Astonishing X-Men: Unstoppable (November 2012)

Films[edit]

Fox franchise[edit]

From 2000-2020, 20th Century Studios released thirteen superhero films as a X-Men film series.

The first three films focus on the conflict between Professor Xavier and Magneto, who have opposing views on humanity's relationship with mutants. While Xavier believes humanity and mutants can coexist, Magneto believes a war is coming, which he intends to fight and win.[17][18] The Bryan Singer-directed X-Men was released on July 14, 2000, with the team roster of Professor X (Patrick Stewart), Cyclops (James Marsden), Wolverine (Hugh Jackman), Storm (Halle Berry) and Jean Grey (Famke Janssen).[19][20] Singer returned for the sequel X2 released on May 2, 2003, with Iceman (Shawn Ashmore), Rogue (Anna Paquin) and Nightcrawler (Alan Cumming) joining the team. Singer was replaced by Brett Ratner for X-Men: The Last Stand, released on May 26, 2006, with Beast (Kelsey Grammer), Angel (Ben Foster), Shadowcat (Elliot Page) and Colossus (Daniel Cudmore) joining.[21][22] Critics praised Singer's films for their dark, realistic tone, and their focus on prejudice as a subtext. Although Ratner's film was met with mixed reviews, it out-grossed both of its predecessors.[23]

A sequel tetralogy that served as a prequel to the original trilogy started with X-Men: First Class. Following a young Professor X (James McAvoy), Magneto (Michael Fassbender), Beast (Nicholas Hoult), Mystique (Jennifer Lawrence), Havok (Lucas Till) and Banshee (Caleb Landry Jones) as the original team, the film was directed by Matthew Vaughn and released on June 3, 2011.[24] X-Men: Days of Future Past, a sequel to both the original trilogy and X-Men: First Class, with Singer returning to direct, was released on May 23, 2014.[25][26] The film centered around the original trilogy members using time travel to gain help from their younger counterparts of the prequel tetralogy. X-Men: Apocalypse was released on May 27, 2016, with Mystique leading the team with Beast, Quicksilver (Evan Peters), Storm (Alexandra Shipp), Nightcrawler (Kodi Smit-McPhee), Cyclops (Tye Sheridan) and Jean Grey (Sophie Turner).[27][28] The tetralogy concluded with a fourth film, Dark Phoenix, written and directed by Simon Kinberg and released on June 7, 2019, with the same roster from Apocalypse.[29]

Three spin-off films focused on Wolverine were also released: X-Men Origins: Wolverine, an origin story of Wolverine that was directed by Gavin Hood, was released on May 1, 2009,[30] followed by The Wolverine, directed by James Mangold and set in Japan, released on July 26, 2013. The series concluded with Logan, once again directed by Mangold and released on March 3, 2017. The film was set in 2029.[31]

Two spin-offs centering around Deadpool were released in 2016 and 2018. Deadpool, which features Colossus (Andre Tricoteux and voiced by Stefan Kapičić) and his X-Men trainee Negasonic Teenage Warhead (Brianna Hildebrand) was released on February 12, 2016, Deadpool 2 was released on May 18, 2018, with returning X-Men members Colossus and Negasonic Teenage Warhead and new member Yukio (Shiori Kutsuna) helping Deadpool (Ryan Reynolds) as a X-Men trainee. The film also features cameo appearances of Professor X, Cyclops, Quicksilver, Storm, Nightcrawler and Beast from the sequel trilogy.[32] An adaptation of X-Force was also in development, with Jeff Wadlow writing and Drew Goddard directing.[33]

Another spin-off and the final film of the franchise, The New Mutants, was released on August 28, 2020, directed by Josh Boone, who also co-wrote the screenplay with Knate Gwaltney.[34]

Marvel Cinematic Universe[edit]

Marvel Studios launched the Marvel Cinematic Universe in 2008, focused on the Avengers and their related characters, whose film rights they still owned. Marvel was then bought by Disney in 2009, but could not use the X-Men or their related characters. However, an alternate version of the Nick Fury post-credits scene in Iron Man had him specifically say "As if gamma accidents, radioactive bug bites and assorted mutants weren't enough".[35][36] Quicksilver and the Scarlet Witch were an odd case, as they had strong ties with both the Avengers and the X-Men. The studios negotiated a deal so that they could both use their own versions of the characters; the Scarlet Witch would go on to become a semi-regular character, appearing in three subsequent films in the Marvel Cinematic Universe.[37] On December 14, 2017, Disney announced its intent to acquire 21st Century Fox's film and television studios, including the film rights to the X-Men franchise.[38] Disney CEO Bob Iger later confirmed that the X-Men would be integrated into the MCU alongside the Fantastic Four and Deadpool.[39][40]

On July 20, 2019, during the San Diego Comic Con, Marvel Studios head Kevin Feige announced that a film centered on mutants, which will be set in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, is in development.[41] When asked if the film will be X-Men-titled, Feige said that the terms "X-Men" and "Mutants" are interchangeable, and said that the MCU's take on the franchise will differ from 20th Century Fox's.[42]

Video games[edit]

Early X-Men games[edit]

The first X-Men video game was released by Josh Toevs and LJN for the Nintendo Entertainment System and was titled The Uncanny X-Men.[43][44] That same year (1989) a computer game was released called X-Men: Madness in Murderworld. Another title, X-Men II: The Fall of the Mutants was released the year after.[45]

Konami created an X-Men arcade game in 1992, which featured six playable X-Men characters: Colossus, Cyclops, Dazzler, Nightcrawler, Storm and Wolverine.[46][47]

In 1992, the X-Men teamed with Spider-Man for Spider-Man and the X-Men in Arcade's Revenge, released for the Super NES, Genesis, Game Gear and Game Boy.[45][47]

The following years saw the games X-Men: Gamesmaster's Legacy and X-Men: Mojo World released for the Sega Game Gear.[48][47]

The X-Men made a few appearances in Spider-Man 2: Enter Electro. Professor X and Rogue run a Danger Room simulation for the player to train in. Beast appears in the first level to demonstrate the controller functions to the player.[49]

In the 1990s, Sega released two X-Men video games for its Genesis; X-Men and X-Men 2: Clone Wars.[46][50] Wolverine starred in a solo game in 1994 for both the Super NES and Genesis titled Wolverine: Adamantium Rage.[51] That same year, the X-Men appeared in the X-Men: Mutant Apocalypse game for the Super NES.[50][47]

X2: Wolverine's Revenge was a stealth-action game for the sixth generation of video games starring Wolverine as the only playable character.[51]

Fighting games[edit]

The X-Men are featured in many 2-D and 3-D fighting games.

In order of release:

Film-based games[edit]

To coincide with the release of the third film, Activision released X-Men: The Official Game which filled in gaps between X2: X-Men United and X-Men: The Last Stand, such as explaining Nightcrawler's absence.[51]

X-Men Legends and Marvel: Ultimate Alliance[edit]

X-Men Legends and its sequel X-Men Legends II: Rise of Apocalypse are games that featured multiple X-Men as playable characters.[47]

Every installment of Marvel: Ultimate Alliance has featured the X-Men as one of the numerous playable characters:

Deadpool, Iceman, Storm, and Wolverine are playable in the major Marvel video game, Marvel: Ultimate Alliance. Colossus is playable on the Xbox 360, Wii and PS3 versions of the game, and Jean Grey is playable on the GBA version. Cyclops, Jean Grey, Nightcrawler, Professor X, and Psylocke appear as NPC's on all versions while the Beast, Forge, Karma and Dr. Moira MacTaggert were mentioned by different characters. In addition, during a cut-scene, the Beast, Colossus, Cyclops, Gambit, Magneto, Professor Xavier, Psylocke, and Shadowcat were seen defeated by Doctor Doom alongside the Hulk. Xbox 360 owners were later able to download eight new playable characters for the game, including X-Men heroes and villains: Cyclops, Magneto, Nightcrawler and Sabretooth.[57][58]

In Marvel: Ultimate Alliance 2, Wolverine, Deadpool, Iceman, Storm, Gambit, and Jean Grey are featured as playable characters while Cyclops and Psylocke are exclusive to PS2, PSP and Wii. While Colossus appears as an NPC. In the briefing that follows the Wakanda incident, Captain America and Iron Man mention that the other X-Men members have been absorbed into The Fold. Psylocke, Cable, Magneto and the Juggernaut were later added as downloadable characters for Marvel: Ultimate Alliance 2.[59][60]

Wolverine, Storm, Nightcrawler, Psylocke, Deadpool, and Magneto appear as playable characters in Marvel Ultimate Alliance 3: The Black Order, while Mystique and Juggernaut appear as bosses. Cyclops, Colossus, the Beast, and Professor X appear on a portrait in the X-Mansion when Magneto attacks it in the X-Men trailer; the former two are playable DLC characters while the other two also appear as non-playable helper characters.[61]

Books[edit]

Science of the X-Men by Linc Yaco and Karen Haber explains how different superpowers would work and how such abilities would affect the people that have them. The mutants featured include Quicksilver, Wolverine, Shadowcat, and Nightcrawler.[62]

Several X-Men novels have been published.[63]

Title Author Publisher ISBN Release Date Notes
The Marvel Superheroes Len Wein
Marv Wolfman
(editors)
Pocket Books 0671820915 / 9780671820916 August 1979 Pocket Books series (1978–1979) #9; short story collection; includes stories featuring the Avengers, Daredevil, the X-Men, and the Hulk.
X-Men: Cyclops and Phoenix Paul Mantell
Avery Hart
Random House 0679876596 / 9780679876595 October 1995 Young adult novel; "based on comics by Scott Lobdell"
X-Men: Sabretooth Unleashed Vicki Kamida Random House 0679876618 / 9780679876618 October 1995 Young adult novel; "based on comics by Larry Hama and Fabian Nicieza"
X-Men: Mutant Empire Book One: Siege Christopher Golden Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 1572971142 / 9781572971141 May 1996 First in Mutant Empire trilogy; is followed by Mutant Empire Book Two: Sanctuary
The Ultimate X-Men Stan Lee (editor) Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 1572972173 / 9781572972179 October 1996 Short story collection
X-Men: Mutant Empire Book Two: Sanctuary Christopher Golden Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 1572971800 / 9781572971806 November 1996 Second in Mutant Empire trilogy; is followed by Mutant Empire Book Three: Salvation
X-Men: Mutant Empire Book Three: Salvation Christopher Golden Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 1572972475 / 9781572972476 May 1997 Third in Mutant Empire trilogy
Generation X Scott Lobdell
Elliot S. Maggin
Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 1572972238 / 9781572972230 June 1997
X-Men: Smoke and Mirrors Eluki Bes Shahar Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 1572972912 / 9781572972919 September 1997
X-Men: Empire's End Diane Duane Putnam/BPMC (hardback); Berkley Boulevard/BPMC (paperback) 0399143343 / 9780399143342 (hardback); 0425164489
9780425164488 (paperback)
October 1997 (hardback)
September 1998 (paperback)
X-Men: The Jewels of Cyttorak Dean Wesley Smith Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 1572973293 / 9781572973299 December 1997
X-Men: Law of the Jungle Dave Smeds Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 0425164861 / 9780425164860 March 1998
X-Men: Prisoner X Ann Nocenti Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 0425164934 / 9780425164938 May 1998
Star Trek: The Next Generation/X-Men: Planet X Michael Jan Friedman Pocket Books 0671019163 / 9780671019167 May 1998 One of three separate crossovers between Marvel (all three featuring the X-Men) and Star Trek (the other two in the comics); Marvel at the time was publishing Star Trek comics (1996–1998)
X-Men and Spider-Man: Time's Arrow Book 1: The Past Tom DeFalco
Jason Henderson
Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 0425164527 / 9780425164525 July 1998 First in Time's Arrow trilogy; is followed by Time's Arrow Book 2: The Present
X-Men and Spider-Man: Time's Arrow Book 2: The Present Tom DeFalco
Adam-Troy Castro
Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 0425164152 / 9780425164150 August 1998 Second in Time's Arrow trilogy; is followed by Time's Arrow Book 3: The Future
X-Men and Spider-Man: Time's Arrow Book 3: The Future Tom DeFalco
Eluki Bes Shahar
Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 0425165000 / 9780425165003 September 1998 Third in Time's Arrow trilogy
X-Men: Codename Wolverine Christopher Golden Putnam/BPMC (hardback); Berkley Boulevard/BPMC (paperback) 0399144501 / 9780399144509 (hardback); 0425171116
9780425171110 (paperback)
October 1998 (hardback); May 2000 (paperback)
Generation X: Crossroads J. Steven York Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 0425166317 / 9780425166314 November 1998
X-Men: Soul Killer Richard Lee Byers Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 0425167372 / 9780425167373 February 1999
X-Men and the Avengers: Gamma Quest Book 1: Lost and Found Greg Cox Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 0425169731 / 9780425169735 July 1999 First in Gamma Quest trilogy; is followed by Gamma Quest Book 2: Search and Rescue
X-Men and the Avengers: Gamma Quest Book 2: Search and Rescue Greg Cox Berkley Boulevard/BPMC 0425169898 / 9780425169896 August 1999 Second in Gamma Quest trilogy; is followed by Gamma Quest Book 3: Friend or Foe?
X-Men and the Avengers: Gamma Quest Book 2: Friend or Foe? Greg Cox Berkley Boulevard 0425170381 / 9780425170380 June 2000 Third in Gamma Quest trilogy
X-Men Legends Stan Lee (editor) Berkley Boulevard 0425170829 / 9780425170823 June 2000 Short story collection
X-Men: Shadows of the Past Michael Jan Friedman BP Books/iBooks 0743400186 / 9780743400183 (hardback); 074342378X / 978-0743423786 (paperback) June 2000 (hardback)
June 2001 (paperback)
X-Men Kristine Kathryn Rusch, Dean Wesley Smith Del Rey 0345440951 / 9780345440952 June 2000 Novelization of 2000 X-Men movie
X-Men/Doctor Doom: The Chaos Engine Book One Steven A. Roman BP Books/iBooks 0613950569 / 978-0613950565 (hardback); 0743400194
9780743400190 (paperback)
0743434838 / 9780743434836 (paperback)
July 2000 (hardback); July 2000 (paperback); August 2001 (paperback) First in Chaos Engine trilogy; is followed by X-Men/Magneto: The Chaos Engine Book Two
X-Men/Magneto: The Chaos Engine Book Two Steven A. Roman BP Books/iBooks 0613950569 / 9780613950565 (hardback)
0743400232 / 9780743400237 (paperback)
0743445465 / 9780743445467 (paperback)
July 2000 (hardback); January 2002 (paperback); December 2002 (paperback) Second in Chaos Engine trilogy; is followed by X-Men/Red Skull: The Chaos Engine Book Three
Five Decades of the X-Men Stan Lee (editor) BP Books/iBooks 0743435001 / 9780743435000 (paperback); 0743475011 / 9780743475013 (paperback) March 2002 (paperback); April 2003 (paperback) Short story collection
X-Men: The Legacy Quest Book One Steve Lyons BP Books/iBooks 074344468X / 9780743444682 (paperback); 0743458486 / 9780743458481 (paperback) June 2002 (paperback); April 2003 (paperback) First in The Legacy Quest trilogy; is followed by The Legacy Quest Book Two
X-Men: The Legacy Quest Book Two Steve Lyons BP Books/iBooks 0743452437 / 9780743452434 (paperback)
0743474449 / 9780743474443 (paperback)
July 2002 (paperback); April 2003 (paperback) Second in The Legacy Quest trilogy; is followed by The Legacy Quest Book Three
X-Men: The Legacy Quest Book Three Steve Lyons BP Books/iBooks 0743452666 / 9780743452663 (paperback)
0743475194 / 9780743475198 (paperback)
October 2002 (paperback); September 2003 (paperback) Third in The Legacy Quest trilogy
X-Men/Red Skull: The Chaos Engine Book Three Steven A. Roman BP Books/iBooks 0743452801 / 9780743452809 (paperback); 0743479580 / 9780743479585 (paperback) December 2002 (paperback); October 2003 (paperback) Third in Chaos Engine trilogy
X-Men 2 Chris Claremont Del Rey 0345461967 / 9780345461964 March 2003 Novelization of 2003 X-Men 2 movie
Wolverine: Weapon X Marc Cerasini Marvel (hardback); Pocket Books (paperback) 0785116052 / 9780785116059 (hardback)
141652164X / 9781416521648 (paperback)
November 2004 (hardback); October 2005 (paperback) Short lived attempt by Marvel to publish their licensed novels under their own imprint; lasted just this one hardcover release
The X-Men: Dark Mirror Marjorie M. Liu Pocket Books 141651063X / 9781416510635 December 2005
The X-Men: Watchers on the Walls Christopher L. Bennett Pocket Books 1416510672 / 9781416510673 April 2006
X-Men: The Last Stand Chris Claremont Del Rey 0345492110 / 9780345492111 May 2006 Novelization of 2006 X-Men: The Last Stand movie
Wolverine: Road of Bones David Mack Pocket Books 1416510699 / 978-1416510697 October 2006
Wolverine: Lifeblood Hugh Matthews Pocket Books 1416510737 / 978-1416510734 February 2007
X-Men: The Return Chris Roberson Pocket Books 1416510753 / 9781416510758 April 2007
Wolverine: Violent Tendencies Marc Cerasini Pocket Books 1416510745 / 9781416510741 October 2007
Astonishing X-Men: Gifted Peter David Marvel September 12, 2012 Novelization and adaption of the 2004 comic book story arc Gifted within the Astonishing X-Men ongoing series originally written by Joss Whedon.
X-Men: Days of Future Past Alex Irvine Marvel 978-1-302-48954-0 May 17, 2016 Novelization and adaption from the 1980 comic book story arc by Chris Claremont and John Bryne
X-Men: The Dark Phoenix Saga Stuart Moore Titan Books 9781789090628 / 9781789090635 May 14, 2019 Novelization and adaption from the comic book story arc by Chris Claremont, John Bryne, and Dave Cockrum

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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