X-ray fluorescence holography

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X-ray fluorescence holography (XFH) is a holography method with atomic resolution based on atomic fluorescence.[1] It is a relatively new technique that benefits greatly from the coherent high-power X-rays available from synchrotron sources, such as the Japanese SPring-8 facility.


Fluorescent X-rays are scattered by atoms in a sample and provide the object wave, which is referenced to non-scattered X-rays. A holographic pattern is recorded by scanning a detector around the sample, which allows researchers to investigate the local 3D structure around a specific element in a sample.[2][3]


It is useful for investigating the effects of irradiation on high temperature superconductors.[citation needed]

Twin images[edit]

One of the criticisms for this method is that it suffers from twin images. D. Gabor. Barton proposed that reconstructed phased images of holograms will suppress twin images effects.[4]


  1. ^ Hayashi, Kouichi; Happo, Naohisa; Hosokawa, Shinya; Hu, Wen; Matsushita, Tomohiro (2012). "X-ray fluorescence holography". Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter. 24 (9): 093201. doi:10.1088/0953-8984/24/9/093201. ISSN 0953-8984. 
  2. ^ Hayashi, K. (2003). "3D atomic imaging of SiGe system by X-ray fluorescence holography". Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics. 14 (5/7): 459–462. doi:10.1023/A:1023993911437. ISSN 0957-4522. 
  3. ^ Chukhovskii, F. N.; Poliakov, A. M. (2003). "X-ray fluorescence holography: a novel treatment for crystal structure determination". Acta Crystallographica Section A. 59 (2): 109–116. doi:10.1107/S0108767302022274. ISSN 0108-7673. 
  4. ^ Xie, Honglan; Chen, Jianwen; Gao, Hongyi; Xiong, Shisheng; Xu, Zhizhan (2004). "Removing twin images in X-ray fluorescence holography". Optics Communications. 229 (1-6): 123–129. doi:10.1016/j.optcom.2003.10.033. ISSN 0030-4018.