XAMPP

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XAMPP
XAMPP logo by Apache Friends
A screenshot of XAMPP running all servers on Mac OS X
A screenshot of XAMPP running all servers on Mac OS X
Developer(s) Apache Friends
Initial release May 22, 2002; 16 years ago (2002-05-22)
Stable release
7.2.11 / October 17, 2018; 1 day ago (2018-10-17)
Repository github.com/ApacheFriends
Operating system
Platform IA-32 (Windows package only) and x64 (macOS and Linux packages only)
Size
  • Windows: 123 MB
  • Linux: 134 MB
  • macOS: 147 MB
Available in 11 languages[citation needed]
List of languages
English, German, French, Dutch, Polish, Italian, Norwegian, Spanish, Chinese, Brazilian Portuguese, Japanese
Type Solution stack
License GNU General Public License
Alexa rank Negative increase 11,696 (As of September 2018)[1]
Website www.apachefriends.org

XAMPP (/ˈzæmp/ or /ˈɛks.æmp/[2]) is a free and open-source cross-platform web server solution stack package developed by Apache Friends,[2] consisting mainly of the Apache HTTP Server, MariaDB database, and interpreters for scripts written in the PHP and Perl programming languages.[3][4] Since most actual web server deployments use the same components as XAMPP, it makes transitioning from a local test server to a live server possible.

XAMPP's ease of deployment means a WAMP or LAMP stack can be installed quickly and simply on an operating system by a developer, with the advantage a number of common add-in applications such as Wordpress and Joomla! can also be installed with similar ease using Bitnami .

Etymology[edit]

The term XAMPP is an apparent acronym. However, there is no official acronym expansion specified on the Apache Friends website. Their homepage header reads "XAMPP Apache + MariaDB + PHP + Perl", indicating that this abbreviation is a recursive acronym.

The term can be unofficially broken down as follows:

Letter Meaning
X as an ideographic letter referring to cross-platform[5]
A Apache[6] or its expanded form, Apache HTTP Server[5]
M MariaDB[7] (formerly: MySQL[5][7])
P PHP[6][5]
P PERL[6][5]

MySQL was replaced with MariaDB on 2015-10-19 and beginning with XAMPP versions 5.5.30 and 5.6.14,[7] effectively altering the meaning of the acronym.

While both letters P are de facto interchangeable, convention used at the Apache Friends website indicates that the first letter P is short for PHP and the latter letter P is short for Perl.

Prerequisites[edit]

XAMPP requires only one zip, tar, 7z, or exe file to be downloaded and run, and little or no configuration of the various components that make up the web server is required.[8] The Windows' version of XAMPP requires Microsoft Visual C++ 2017 Redistributable.

Features[edit]

XAMPP is regularly updated to the latest releases of Apache, MariaDB, PHP and Perl. It also comes with a number of other modules including OpenSSL, phpMyAdmin, MediaWiki, Joomla, WordPress and more.[9] Self-contained, multiple instances of XAMPP can exist on a single computer, and any given instance can be copied from one computer to another.[10] XAMPP is offered in both a full and a standard version (Smaller version).[10]

Usage[edit]

The most obvious characteristic of XAMPP is the ease at which a WAMP webserver stack could be deployed and got running.[11] Later some common packaged applications that could be easily installed were provided by Bitnami.[12]

Officially, XAMPP's designers intended it for use only as a development tool, to allow website designers and programmers to test their work on their own computers without any access to the Internet. To make this as easy as possible, many important security features are disabled by default.[13] XAMPP has the ability to serve web pages on the World Wide Web.[14] A special tool is provided to password-protect the most important parts of the package.[15]

XAMPP also provides support for creating and manipulating databases in MariaDB and SQLite among others.

Once XAMPP is installed, it is possible to treat a localhost like a remote host by connecting using an FTP client. Using a program like FileZilla has many advantages when installing a content management system (CMS) like Joomla or WordPress. It is also possible to connect to localhost via FTP with an HTML editor.

Components[edit]

Components included with XAMPP 7.2.11[16]
Component On Windows On Linux On macOS
Apache 2.4.35 Yes Yes Yes
MariaDB 10.1.36 Yes Yes Yes
mcrypt 2.5.8 Yes Yes Yes
PHP 7.2.11 Yes Yes [17] Yes [17]
phpMyAdmin 4.8.3 Yes Yes Yes
OpenSSL Yes - 1.1.0i Yes - 1.0.2p Yes - 1.0.2p
Webalizer Yes - 2.23-04 Yes - 2.23-05 Yes - 2.23-05
FileZilla FTP Server 0.9.41 Yes No No
Mercury Mail Transport System 4.63 Yes No No
Strawberry Perl 7.0.56 Portable Yes No No
Tomcat 7.0.56 (with mod_proxy_ajp as connector) Yes No No
XAMPP Control Panel 3.2.2 Yes No No
APR 1.5.2 No Yes Yes
APR-utils 1.5.4 No Yes Yes
cUrl 7.45.0 No Yes Yes
expat 2.0.1 No Yes Yes
FPDF 1.7 No Yes Yes
FreeTDS 0.91 No Yes Yes
Freetype2 2.4.8 No Yes Yes
GD 2.0.35 No Yes Yes
gdbm 1.8.3 No Yes Yes
gettext 0.19.8.1 No Yes Yes
ICU4C Library 4.8.1 No Yes Yes
IMAP C-Client 2007e No Yes Yes
libapreq 2.13 No Yes Yes
libpng 1.5.26 No Yes Yes
libxml 2.0.1 No Yes Yes
libxslt 1.1.29 No Yes Yes
mhash 0.9.9.9 No Yes Yes
Ming 0.4.5 No Yes Yes
mod_perl 2.0.8-dev No Yes Yes
ncurses 5.9 No Yes Yes
OpenLDAP (client) 2.4.21 No Yes Yes
pdf class 0.11.7 No Yes Yes
Perl 5.16.3 No Yes Yes
ProFTPD 1.3.4c No Yes Yes
Sablotron 1.0.3 No Yes Yes
zlib 1.2.8 No Yes Yes
Major component versions
XAMPP Apache MariaDB PHP Ref
5.5.33 2.4.18 10.1.10 5.5.33 [18]
5.5.34 2.4.18 10.1.13 5.5.34 [19]
5.5.35 2.4.18 10.1.13 5.5.35 [20]
5.6.14 2.4.17 10.1.8 5.6.14 [21]
5.6.15 2.4.17 10.1.9 5.6.15 [22]
5.6.19 2.4.18 10.1.10 5.6.19 [23]
5.6.20 2.4.18 10.1.13 5.6.20 [24]
5.6.21 2.4.18 10.1.13 5.6.21 [25]
5.6.28 2.4.18 10.1.19 5.6.28 [26]
5.6.30 2.4.25 10.1.21 5.6.30 [27]
5.6.31 2.4.26 10.1.25 5.6.31 [28]
5.6.32 2.4.29 10.1.28 5.6.32 [29]
5.6.33 2.4.30 10.1.30 5.6.33 [30]
5.6.34 2.4.29 10.1.31 5.6.34 [31]
5.6.35 2.4.33 10.1.31 5.6.35 [32]
5.6.36 2.4.33 10.1.32 5.6.36 [33]
5.6.37 2.4.34 10.1.34 5.6.37 [34]
5.6.38 2.4.34 10.1.36 5.6.38 [35]
7.0.0 2.4.18 10.1.9 7.0.0 [36]
7.0.1 2.4.18 10.1.9 7.0.1 [37]
7.0.2 2.4.18 10.1.10 7.0.2 [38]
7.0.3 2.4.18 10.1.10 7.0.3 [39]
7.0.4 2.4.18 10.1.10 7.0.4 [40]
7.0.5 2.4.18 10.1.13 7.0.5 [41]
7.0.6 2.4.18 10.1.13 7.0.6 [42]
7.0.8 2.4.18 10.1.13 7.0.8 [43]
7.0.9 2.4.23 10.1.16 7.0.9 [44]
7.0.13 2.4.23 10.1.19 7.0.13 [45]
7.0.15 2.4.25 10.1.21 7.0.15 [46]
7.0.16 2.4.25 10.1.21 7.0.16 [47]
7.0.18 2.4.25 10.1.22 7.0.18 [48]
7.0.20 2.4.25 10.1.24 7.0.20 [49]
7.0.21 2.4.26 10.1.25 7.0.21 [50]
7.0.22 2.4.27 10.1.26 7.0.22 [51]
7.0.23 2.4.27 10.1.26 7.0.23 [52]
7.0.24 2.4.28 10.1.28 7.0.24 [53]
7.0.25 2.4.29 10.1.28 7.0.25 [54]
7.0.26 2.4.29 10.1.29 7.0.26 [55]
7.0.27 2.4.30 10.1.30 7.0.27 [56]
7.0.28 2.4.29 10.1.31 7.0.28 [57]
7.0.29 2.4.33 10.1.31 7.0.29 [58]
7.0.30 2.4.33 10.1.32 7.0.30 [59]
7.0.31 2.4.34 10.1.34 7.0.31 [60]
7.0.32 2.4.34 10.1.36 7.0.32 [61]
7.1.1 2.4.25 10.1.21 7.1.1 [62]
7.1.2 2.4.25 10.1.21 7.1.2 [63]
7.1.4 2.4.25 10.1.22 7.1.4 [64]
7.1.6 2.4.25 10.1.24 7.1.6 [65]
7.1.7 2.4.26 10.1.25 7.1.7 [66]
7.1.8 2.4.27 10.1.26 7.1.8 [67]
7.1.9 2.4.27 10.1.26 7.1.9 [68]
7.1.10 2.4.28 10.1.28 7.1.10 [69]
7.1.11 2.4.29 10.1.28 7.1.11 [70]
7.1.12 2.4.29 10.1.29 7.1.12 [71]
7.1.13 2.4.29 10.1.30 7.1.13 [72]
7.1.14 2.4.29 10.1.30 7.1.14 [73]
7.1.15 2.4.29 10.1.31 7.1.15 [74]
7.1.16 2.4.33 10.1.31 7.1.16 [75]
7.1.17 2.4.33 10.1.32 7.1.17 [76]
7.1.18 2.4.33 10.1.33 7.1.18 [77]
7.1.19 2.4.33 10.1.34 7.1.19 [78]
7.1.20 2.4.34 10.1.34 7.1.20 [79]
7.1.21 2.4.34 10.1.35 7.1.21 [80]
7.1.22 2.4.34 10.1.36 7.1.22 [81]
7.1.23 2.4.35 10.1.36 7.1.23 [82]
7.2.0 2.4.29 10.1.29 7.2.0 [83]
7.2.1 2.4.29 10.1.30 7.2.1 [84]
7.2.2 2.4.29 10.1.30 7.2.2 [85]
7.2.3 2.4.29 10.1.31 7.2.3 [86]
7.2.4 2.4.33 10.1.31 7.2.4 [87]
7.2.5 2.4.33 10.1.32 7.2.5 [88]
7.2.6 2.4.33 10.1.33 7.2.6 [89]
7.2.7 2.4.33 10.1.34 7.2.7 [90]
7.2.8 2.4.34 10.1.34 7.2.8 [91]
7.2.9 2.4.34 10.1.35 7.2.9 [92]
7.2.10 2.4.34 10.1.36 7.2.10 [93]
7.2.11 2.4.35 10.1.36 7.2.11 [94]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Apachefriends.org Traffic, Demographics and Competitors - Alexa". www.alexa.com. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Interview with Kai Seidler from the XAMPP project". MySQL AB. Retrieved 2015-06-07.
  3. ^ "New XAMPP with MariaDB". apachefriends.org. 19 October 2015. Retrieved 19 November 2015.
  4. ^ "An easy to install Apache distribution containing MySQL, PHP, and Perl". SourceForge. Retrieved 2015-06-07.
  5. ^ a b c d e "What does XAMPP mean in Software?". STANDS4 LLC. Retrieved 2016-03-12.
  6. ^ a b c "XAMPP".
  7. ^ a b c "New XAMPP with MariaDB". Apache Friends. Retrieved 2016-03-12.
  8. ^ "Downloading and installing XAMPP". Udemy. 2015-04-21. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
  9. ^ "XAMPP Addons list". Apache Friends. 2015-04-21. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
  10. ^ a b "How to install XAMPP Software". Masunduh II. 2015-04-21. Retrieved 2015-04-21.
  11. ^ Gralla, Gabe (2011-04-22). "XAMPP for Windows". PCWord. IDG. Archived from the original on 2017-08-28. Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  12. ^ "Bitnami for XAMPP". Apache Friends. Archived from the original on 2018-06-23. Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  13. ^ "apache friends - xampp for windows". Apachefriends.org. Retrieved 2008-12-19.
  14. ^ "Where XAMPP is used commonly and what it can do.". Owusu-Ansah Godfred. Retrieved 2012-04-30.
  15. ^ "XAMPP for Linux". Retrieved 2012-04-30.
  16. ^ "Apache Friends". Apache Friends. 2018-10-17. Retrieved 2018-10-17.
  17. ^ a b With PEAR + SQLite 2.8.17/3.7.17 + multibyte (mbstring) support
  18. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 5.5.33 Download". Apache Friends. 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-03-08.
  19. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 5.5.34 Download". Apache Friends. 2016-04-21. Retrieved 2016-04-22.
  20. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 5.5.35 Download". Apache Friends. 2016-05-12. Retrieved 2016-05-13.
  21. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 5.6.14 Download". Apache Friends. 2015-10-21. Retrieved 2015-11-19.
  22. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 5.6.15 Download". Apache Friends. 2015-12-06. Retrieved 2015-12-08.
  23. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 5.6.19 Download". Apache Friends. 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-03-08.
  24. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 5.6.20 Download". Apache Friends. 2016-04-21. Retrieved 2016-04-22.
  25. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 5.6.21 Download". Apache Friends. 2016-05-12. Retrieved 2016-05-13.
  26. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 5.6.28 Download". Apache Friends. 2016-11-18. Retrieved 2016-11-18.
  27. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 5.6.30 Download". Apache Friends. 2017-02-01. Retrieved 2017-02-05.
  28. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 5.6.31 Download". Apache Friends. 2017-07-11. Retrieved 2017-07-11.
  29. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 5.6.32 Download". Apache Friends. 2017-11-10. Retrieved 2017-11-12.
  30. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 5.6.33 Download". Apache Friends. 2018-01-19. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
  31. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 5.6.34 Download". Apache Friends. 2018-03-15. Retrieved 2018-03-15.
  32. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 5.6.35 Download". Apache Friends. 2018-04-12. Retrieved 2018-04-12.
  33. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 5.6.36 Download". Apache Friends. 2018-05-11. Retrieved 2018-05-11.
  34. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 5.6.37 Download". Apache Friends. 2018-08-08. Retrieved 2018-08-08.
  35. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 5.6.38 Download". Apache Friends. 2018-09-25. Retrieved 2018-09-25.
  36. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.0.0 Download". Apache Friends. 2015-12-23. Retrieved 2015-12-25.
  37. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.0.1 Download". Apache Friends. 2015-12-31. Retrieved 2016-01-01.
  38. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.0.2 Download". Apache Friends. 2016-01-29. Retrieved 2016-02-02.
  39. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.0.3 Download". Apache Friends. 2016-02-19. Retrieved 2016-02-19.
  40. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.0.4 Download". Apache Friends. 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-03-08.
  41. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.0.5 Download". Apache Friends. 2016-04-21. Retrieved 2016-04-22.
  42. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.0.6 Download". Apache Friends. 2016-05-12. Retrieved 2016-05-13.
  43. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.0.8 Download". Apache Friends. 2016-06-28. Retrieved 2016-07-01.
  44. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.0.9 Download". Apache Friends. 2016-08-31. Retrieved 2016-09-02.
  45. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.0.13 Download". Apache Friends. 2016-11-18. Retrieved 2016-11-18.
  46. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.0.15 Download". Apache Friends. 2017-02-01. Retrieved 2017-02-05.
  47. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.0.16 Download". Apache Friends. 2017-05-04. Retrieved 2017-05-07.
  48. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.0.18 Download". Apache Friends. 2017-05-12. Retrieved 2017-05-15.
  49. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.0.20 Download". Apache Friends. 2017-06-22. Retrieved 2017-06-22.
  50. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.0.21 Download". Apache Friends. 2017-07-11. Retrieved 2017-07-11.
  51. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.0.22 Download". Apache Friends. 2017-08-25. Retrieved 2017-08-26.
  52. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.0.23 Download". Apache Friends. 2017-09-18. Retrieved 2017-09-25.
  53. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.0.24 Download". Apache Friends. 2017-10-19. Retrieved 2017-10-22.
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  57. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.0.28 Download". Apache Friends. 2018-03-15. Retrieved 2018-03-15.
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  61. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.0.32 Download". Apache Friends. 2018-09-25. Retrieved 2018-09-25.
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  65. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.1.6 Download". Apache Friends. 2017-06-22. Retrieved 2017-06-22.
  66. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.1.7 Download". Apache Friends. 2017-07-11. Retrieved 2017-07-11.
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  69. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.1.10 Download". Apache Friends. 2017-10-19. Retrieved 2017-10-22.
  70. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.1.11 Download". Apache Friends. 2017-11-10. Retrieved 2017-11-12.
  71. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.1.12 Download". Apache Friends. 2017-12-14. Retrieved 2017-12-14.
  72. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.1.13 Download". Apache Friends. 2018-01-19. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
  73. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.1.14 Download". Apache Friends. 2018-02-16. Retrieved 2018-02-17.
  74. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.1.15 Download". Apache Friends. 2018-03-15. Retrieved 2018-03-15.
  75. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.1.16 Download". Apache Friends. 2018-04-12. Retrieved 2018-04-12.
  76. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.1.17 Download". Apache Friends. 2018-05-11. Retrieved 2018-05-11.
  77. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.1.18 Download". Apache Friends. 2018-06-11. Retrieved 2018-06-13.
  78. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.1.19 Download". Apache Friends. 2018-07-10. Retrieved 2018-07-10.
  79. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.1.20 Download". Apache Friends. 2018-08-08. Retrieved 2018-08-08.
  80. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.1.21 Download". Apache Friends. 2018-08-27. Retrieved 2018-08-28.
  81. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.1.22 Download". Apache Friends. 2018-09-25. Retrieved 2018-09-25.
  82. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.1.23 Download". Apache Friends. 2018-10-17. Retrieved 2018-10-17.
  83. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.2.0 Download". Apache Friends. 2017-12-20. Retrieved 2017-12-23.
  84. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.2.1 Download". Apache Friends. 2018-01-19. Retrieved 2018-01-20.
  85. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.2.2 Download". Apache Friends. 2018-02-16. Retrieved 2018-02-17.
  86. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.2.3 Download". Apache Friends. 2018-03-15. Retrieved 2018-03-15.
  87. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.2.4 Download". Apache Friends. 2018-04-12. Retrieved 2018-04-12.
  88. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.2.5 Download". Apache Friends. 2018-05-11. Retrieved 2018-05-11.
  89. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.2.6 Download". Apache Friends. 2018-06-11. Retrieved 2018-06-13.
  90. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.2.7 Download". Apache Friends. 2018-07-10. Retrieved 2018-07-10.
  91. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.2.8 Download". Apache Friends. 2018-08-08. Retrieved 2018-08-08.
  92. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.2.9 Download". Apache Friends. 2018-08-27. Retrieved 2018-08-28.
  93. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.2.10 Download". Apache Friends. 2018-09-25. Retrieved 2018-09-25.
  94. ^ "Apache Friends - XAMPP 7.2.11 Download". Apache Friends. 2018-10-17. Retrieved 2018-10-17.

External links[edit]