XAMPP

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XAMPP
XAMPP logo.svg
Initial releaseSeptember 4, 2002; 18 years ago (2002-09-04)[1]
Stable release
7.4.11 / October 14, 2020; 12 days ago (2020-10-14)
Repositorysourceforge.net/projects/xampp
Operating system
PlatformIA-32 (Windows package only) and x64 (macOS and Linux packages only)
Size
  • Windows: 154 MB
  • Linux: 149 MB
  • macOS: 356 MB
Available in11 languages[citation needed]
List of languages
English, German, French, Dutch, Polish, Italian, Norwegian, Spanish, Chinese, Brazilian Portuguese, Japanese
TypeSolution stack
LicenseGNU General Public License
Alexa rankNegative increase 11,326 (As of January 2019)[2]
Websitewww.apachefriends.org

XAMPP (/ˈzæmp/ or /ˈɛks.æmp/)[3] is a free and open-source cross-platform web server solution stack package developed by Apache Friends,[3] consisting mainly of the Apache HTTP Server, MariaDB database, and interpreters for scripts written in the PHP and Perl programming languages.[4][5] Since most actual web server deployments use the same components as XAMPP, it makes transitioning from a local test server to a live server possible.

XAMPP's ease of deployment means a WAMP or LAMP stack can be installed quickly and simply on an operating system by a developer, with the advantage that common add-in applications such as WordPress and Joomla! can also be installed with similar ease using Bitnami.

Etymology[edit]

The term XAMPP is an apparent acronym. However, there is no official acronym expansion specified on the Apache Friends website. Their homepage header reads "XAMPP Apache + MariaDB + PHP + Perl", indicating that this abbreviation is a recursive acronym.

The term can be unofficially broken down as follows:

Letter Meaning
X An ideographic letter referring to cross-platform[6]
A Apache,[7] or its expanded form, Apache HTTP Server[6]
M MariaDB[8] (formerly MySQL[6][8])
P PHP[7][6]
P Perl[7][6]

MySQL was replaced with MariaDB on 19 October 2015 and beginning with XAMPP versions 5.5.30 and 5.6.14,[8] effectively altering the meaning of the acronym.

While both letters P are de facto interchangeable, convention used at the Apache Friends website indicates that the first letter P is short for PHP and the latter letter P is short for Perl.

Prerequisites[edit]

XAMPP requires only one zip, tar, 7z, or exe file to be downloaded and run, and little or no configuration of the various components that make up the web server is required.[9] The Windows version of XAMPP requires Microsoft Visual C++ 2017 Redistributable.

Features[edit]

XAMPP is regularly updated to the latest releases of Apache, MariaDB, PHP and Perl. It also comes with a number of other modules including OpenSSL, phpMyAdmin, MediaWiki, Joomla, WordPress and more.[10] Self-contained, multiple instances of XAMPP can exist on a single computer, and any given instance can be copied from one computer to another.[11] XAMPP is offered in both a full and a standard version (Smaller version).[11]

Usage[edit]

The most obvious characteristic of XAMPP is the ease at which a WAMP webserver stack can be deployed and instantiated.[12] Later some common packaged applications that could be easily installed were provided by Bitnami.[13]

Officially, XAMPP's designers intended it for use only as a development tool, to allow website designers and programmers to test their work on their own computers without any access to the Internet. To make this as easy as possible, many important security features are disabled by default.[14] XAMPP has the ability to serve web pages on the World Wide Web.[15] A special tool is provided to password-protect the most important parts of the package.[16]

XAMPP also provides support for creating and manipulating databases in MariaDB and SQLite among others.

Once XAMPP is installed, it is possible to treat a localhost like a remote host by connecting using an FTP client. Using a program like FileZilla has many advantages when installing a content management system (CMS) like Joomla or WordPress[further explanation needed]. It is also possible to connect to localhost via FTP with an HTML editor.

Components[edit]

Components included with XAMPP 7.4.11[17]
Component On Windows On Linux On macOS
Apache 2.4.46 Yes Yes Yes
MariaDB 10.4.14 Yes Yes Yes
PHP 7.4.11 Yes Yes [18] Yes [18]
phpMyAdmin 5.0.3 Yes Yes Yes
OpenSSL 1.1.1h Yes Yes Yes
Webalizer Yes - 2.23-04 Yes - 2.23-05 Yes - 2.23-05
FileZilla FTP Server 0.9.41 Yes Yes Yes
Mercury Mail Transport System 4.63 Yes Yes Yes
Strawberry Perl 5.32.0.1 Portable Yes Yes Yes
Tomcat 7.0.106 (with mod_proxy_ajp as connector) Yes Yes Yes
XAMPP Control Panel 3.2.4 Yes Yes Yes
APR 1.5.2 Yes Yes Yes
APR-utils 1.5.4 Yes Yes Yes
cUrl 7.53.1 Yes Yes Yes
expat 2.0.1 Yes Yes Yes
FPDF 1.7 Yes Yes Yes
FreeTDS 0.91 Yes Yes Yes
Freetype2 2.4.8 Yes Yes Yes
GD 2.2.5 Yes Yes Yes
gdbm 1.8.3 Yes Yes Yes
gettext 0.19.8.1 Yes Yes Yes
ICU4C Library 66.1 Yes Yes Yes
IMAP C-Client 2007e Yes Yes Yes
libapreq 2.13 Yes Yes Yes
libpng 1.6.37 Yes Yes Yes
libxml 2.0.1 Yes Yes Yes
libxslt 1.1.33 Yes Yes Yes
mcrypt 2.5.8 Yes Yes Yes
mhash 0.9.9.9 Yes Yes Yes
Ming 0.4.5 Yes Yes Yes
mod_perl 2.0.8-dev Yes Yes Yes
ncurses 5.9 Yes Yes Yes
OpenLDAP (client) 2.4.48 Yes Yes Yes
pdf class 0.11.7 Yes Yes Yes
Perl 5.30.3 Yes Yes Yes
ProFTPD 1.3.6 Yes Yes Yes
Sablotron 1.0.3 Yes Yes Yes
zlib 1.2.11 Yes Yes Yes
Major component versions
XAMPP Apache MariaDB PHP Ref
7.2.1 2.4.29 10.1.30 7.2.1 [19]
7.2.2 2.4.29 10.1.30 7.2.2 [20]
7.2.3 2.4.29 10.1.31 7.2.3 [21]
7.2.4 2.4.33 10.1.31 7.2.4 [22]
7.2.5 2.4.33 10.1.32 7.2.5 [23]
7.2.6 2.4.33 10.1.33 7.2.6 [24]
7.2.7 2.4.33 10.1.34 7.2.7 [25]
7.2.8 2.4.34 10.1.34 7.2.8 [26]
7.2.9 2.4.34 10.1.35 7.2.9 [27]
7.2.10 2.4.34 10.1.36 7.2.10 [28]
7.2.11 2.4.35 10.1.36 7.2.11 [29]
7.2.12 2.4.37 10.1.37 7.2.12 [30]
7.2.13 2.4.37 10.1.37 7.2.13 [31]
7.2.14 2.4.37 10.1.37 7.2.14 [32]
7.2.15 2.4.38 10.1.38 7.2.15 [33]
7.2.16 2.4.38 10.1.38 7.2.16 [34]
7.2.17 2.4.39 10.1.38 7.2.17 [35]
7.2.18 2.4.39 10.1.39 7.2.18 [36]
7.2.19 2.4.39 10.3.15 7.2.19 [37]
7.2.20 2.4.39 10.3.16 7.2.20 [38]
7.2.21 2.4.39 10.3.16 7.2.21 [39]
7.2.22 2.4.41 10.4.6 7.2.22 [40]
7.2.23 2.4.41 10.4.8 7.2.23 [41]
7.2.24 2.4.41 10.4.8 7.2.24 [42]
7.2.25 2.4.41 10.4.10 7.2.25 [43]
7.2.26 2.4.41 10.4.11 7.2.26 [44]
7.2.27 2.4.41 10.4.11 7.2.27 [45]
7.2.28 2.4.41 10.4.11 7.2.28 [46]
7.2.29 2.4.41 10.4.11 7.2.29 [47]
7.2.30 2.4.43 10.4.11 7.2.30 [48]
7.2.31 2.4.43 10.4.13 7.2.31 [49]
7.2.32 2.4.43 10.4.13 7.2.32 [50]
7.2.33 2.4.46 10.4.14 7.2.33 [51]
7.2.34 2.4.46 10.4.14 7.2.34 [52]
7.3.0 2.4.37 10.1.37 7.3.0 [53]
7.3.1 2.4.37 10.1.37 7.3.1 [54]
7.3.2 2.4.38 10.1.38 7.3.2 [55]
7.3.3 2.4.38 10.1.38 7.3.3 [56]
7.3.4 2.4.39 10.1.38 7.3.4 [57]
7.3.5 2.4.39 10.1.39 7.3.5 [58]
7.3.6 2.4.39 10.3.15 7.3.6 [59]
7.3.7 2.4.39 10.3.16 7.3.7 [60]
7.3.8 2.4.39 10.3.16 7.3.8 [61]
7.3.9 2.4.41 10.4.6 7.3.9 [62]
7.3.10 2.4.41 10.4.8 7.3.10 [63]
7.3.11 2.4.41 10.4.8 7.3.11 [64]
7.3.12 2.4.41 10.4.10 7.3.12 [65]
7.3.13 2.4.41 10.4.11 7.3.13 [66]
7.3.14 2.4.41 10.4.11 7.3.14 [67]
7.3.15 2.4.41 10.4.11 7.3.15 [68]
7.3.16 2.4.41 10.4.11 7.3.16 [69]
7.3.17 2.4.43 10.4.11 7.3.17 [70]
7.3.18 2.4.43 10.4.11 7.3.18 [71]
7.3.19 2.4.43 10.4.13 7.3.19 [72]
7.3.20 2.4.43 10.4.13 7.3.20 [73]
7.3.21 2.4.46 10.4.14 7.3.21 [74]
7.3.22 2.4.46 10.4.14 7.3.22 [75]
7.3.23 2.4.46 10.4.14 7.3.23 [76]
7.4.1 2.4.41 10.4.11 7.4.1 [77]
7.4.2 2.4.41 10.4.11 7.4.2 [78]
7.4.3 2.4.41 10.4.11 7.4.3 [79]
7.4.4 2.4.41 10.4.11 7.4.4 [80]
7.4.5 2.4.43 10.4.11 7.4.5 [81]
7.4.6 2.4.43 10.4.11 7.4.6 [82]
7.4.7 2.4.43 10.4.13 7.4.7 [83]
7.4.8 2.4.43 10.4.13 7.4.8 [84]
7.4.9 2.4.46 10.4.14 7.4.9 [85]
7.4.10 2.4.46 10.4.14 7.4.10 [86]
7.4.11 2.4.46 10.4.14 7.4.11 [87]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ "Apachefriends.org Traffic, Demographics and Competitors - Alexa". www.alexa.com. Archived from the original on 2018-09-15. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
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  18. ^ a b With PEAR + SQLite 2.8.17/3.33.0 + multibyte (mbstring) support
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External links[edit]