From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from XCT790)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
IUPAC name
3D model (JSmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.163.130
Molar mass 596.424949
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
☒N verify (what is ☑Y☒N ?)
Infobox references

XCT-790 is a potent and selective inverse agonist ligand of the estrogen-related receptor alpha (ERRα).[1] Independent of its inhibition of ERRα, XCT-790 is a potent mitochondrial electron transport chain uncoupler. [2]

Mitochondrial electron transport chain uncoupling effect[edit]

XCT-790 has been shown to uncouple oxygen consumption from ATP production in mitochondria at very low, nanomolar-range doses independently of ERRα expression. Its effects are similar to proton ionophores such as FCCP, which disrupt mitochondrial transmembrane electrochemical gradients. This uncoupling leads to a fast drop in ATP production and, consequently, a prompt activation of AMPK.[2]


  1. ^ Busch BB, Stevens WC Jr, Martin R, Ordentlich P, Zhou S, Sapp DW, Horlick RA, Mohan R; Stevens (November 2004). "Identification of a selective inverse agonist for the orphan nuclear receptor estrogen-related receptor alpha". J. Med. Chem. 47 (23): 5593–6. doi:10.1021/jm049334f. PMID 15509154. 
  2. ^ a b Eskiocak B; Aktar Ali; White MA (July 7, 2014). "The estrogen-related receptor α inverse agonist XCT 790 is a nanomolar mitochondrial uncoupler". Biochemistry. 53 (29): 4839–4846. doi:10.1021/bi500737n. PMC 4116149Freely accessible. PMID 24999922. 

External links[edit]