XII Corps (Pakistan)
|Active||1985 - Present|
|Role||Combined arms formation
Tactical headquarters element
|Size||60,000+ approximately (though this may vary as units are rotated)|
|Part of||Western and Southern Military Command of Pakistan Army|
|HQ/Command Control Headquarter||Quetta, Balochistan Province|
|Colors Identification||Red, White and Black
|Engagements||Soviet war in Afghanistan
Pakistan war in Afghanistan
War on terror
War in North-West Pakistan
|Decorations||Military Decorations of Pakistan Military|
|Commander Southern Command||Lt Gen Aamer Riaz|
|COS SC||Major General Muhammad Kaleem Asif|
|General Khalid Shameem Wynne
General Abdul Waheed Kakar
The XII Corps is an active and military administrative corps of Pakistan Army currently stationed in Quetta, Balochistan Province. The XII Corps is a major part of Southern Military Command of Pakistan Defence Forces. It is commanded by former DG Military Operations Lieutenant-General Aamer Riaz who also commands the Southern Military Command simultaneously.
The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979 created for Pakistan a real security threat on the western borders for the first time it its history. As a result, two new corps were raised to guard the western borders. These were the XI Corps in Peshawar, and the XII Corps, with the responsibility of guarding the Bolan Pass. The formation spent, the first few years of its history guarding again Soviet expansionism. The end of the cold war and the ending of the Soviet threat, led the formation into a new era. It would lose divisions, and brigades to the western border. Notably 40 infantry division would be moved to Okara, and for a time it would have only one division.
War on Terrorism
The war on terror began and once again the corps began to undertake duty on the western borders, catching and neutralising Al-Qaeda and Taliban operatives, although it has not been involved to such an extent as the XI Corps. The operations continue to this day.
The formation would in early 2002 be moved to the eastern border for the first time in its history as the threat of war with India loomed. The corps purpose was to provide reinforcement to V Corps in the Thar desert. It would return to Quetta in 2004 just in time to face a new challenge.
In 2004, the Balochistan conflict restarted. The formation was involved in putting down the insurrection in collaboration with local security forces, and by 2006, with the killing of Akbar Bugti, the rebellion was more or less suppressed.
List of commanders
- Lt Gen Khushdil Khan Afridi, 1985 – May 1987
- Lt Gen Syed Zakir Ali Zaidi, May 1987 – August 1989
- Lt Gen Abdul Waheed Kakar, August 1989 – January 1993
- Lt Gen Zia Ullah Khan, January 1993 – 1995
- Lt Gen Saranjam Khan, 1995 – May 1997
- Lt Gen Tariq Pervaiz, May 1997 – October 1999
- Lt Gen Mushtaq Hussain, October 1999 – October 2001
- Lt Gen Abdul Qadir Baloch, October 2001 – September 2003
- Lt Gen Shahid Hamid, September 2003 – October 2004
- Lt Gen Hamid Rab Nawaz, October 2004 – April 2007
- Lt Gen Khalid Shameem Wynne, April 2007 – April 2010
- Lt Gen Javed Zia, April 2010 – October 2011
- Lt Gen Alam Khattak, October 2011 – September 2013
- Lt Gen Nasser Khan Janjua, September 2013 – October 2015
- Lt Gen Aamer Riaz, October 2015 – present
The formations composition has changed on several occasions in the past, and like all formations on the western border it has received reinforcements for the war on terror, however its present composition iss thought to be.
- HQ XII Corps (Quetta)
- Global Security Website