XIV Corps (Ottoman Empire)

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XIV Corps
On Dördüncü Kolordu
Active 1911–
Country Ottoman Empire
Type Corps
Garrison/HQ Sana'a
Patron Sultans of the Ottoman Empire
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Mirliva Trommer Pasha (April 4, 1915[1]-)
Mirliva Cevat Pasha (I: October 9-November 18, 1915 II: August 19-November 8, 1917[2])
Mirliva Kâzım Karabekir Pasha (December 25, 1918-March 2, 1919[3])

The XIV Corps of the Ottoman Empire (Turkish: 14 ncü Kolordu or On Dördüncü Kolordu) was one of the corps of the Ottoman Army. It was formed in the early 20th century during Ottoman military reforms.

Formation[edit]

Order of battle, 1911[edit]

With further reorganizations of the Ottoman Army, to include the creation of corps level headquarters, by 1911 the XIV Corps was headquartered in Sana'a. The Corps before the First Balkan War in 1911 was structured as such:[4]

  • XIV Corps, Sana'a
  • Units of XIV Corps
  • 37th Cavalry Regiment, Sana'a
  • 27th Mountain Artillery Battalion, vicinity of Sana'a
  • 14th Engineer Battalion, Sana'a
  • Regular Battalion, Tehame
  • Engineer Company, Sinan Paşa

World War I[edit]

Order of battle, December 1916[edit]

In December 1916, the corps was structured as follows:[5]

Order of battle, August 1917, January 1918, June 1918, September 1918[edit]

In August 1917, January 1918, June 1918, September 1918, the corps was structured as follows:[6]

  • XIV Corps (Gallipoli)
    • 57th Division

After Mudros[edit]

Order of battle, November 1918[edit]

In November 1918, the corps was structured as follows:[7]

Order of battle, January 1919[edit]

In January 1919, the corps was structured as follows:[8][9]

  • XIV Corps (Thrace, Tekfurdağı; present day: Tekirdağ)
    • 55th Division (Tekfurdağı)
      • 168th Infantry Regiment, 170th Infantry Regiment, 171st Infantry Regiment
    • 61st Division (Bandırma)
      • 180th Infantry Regiment, 188th Infantry Regiment, 190th Infantry Regiment

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ BOA, İ. HB, 1333. Ca/36
  2. ^ T.C. Genelkurmay Harp Tarihi Başkanlığı Yayınları, Türk İstiklâl Harbine Katılan Tümen ve Daha Üst Kademlerdeki Komutanların Biyografileri, Genkurmay Başkanlığı Basımevi, Ankara, 1972, p. 23. (Turkish)
  3. ^ T.C. Genelkurmay Harp Tarihi Başkanlığı Yayınları, Türk İstiklâl Harbine Katılan Tümen ve Daha Üst Kademlerdeki Komutanların Biyografileri, p. 162. (Turkish)
  4. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Defeat in Detail, The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912–1913, Westport, Praeger, 2003, p. 383.
  5. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 154.
  6. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 170, 181, 188, 197.
  7. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 202.
  8. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 209.
  9. ^ Zekeriya Türkmen, Mütareke Döneminde Ordunun Durumu ve Yeniden Yapılanması (1918-1920), Türk Tarih Kurumu Basımevi, 2001, ISBN 975-16-1372-8, p. 326.