XI Corps (Ottoman Empire)

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XI Corps
On Birinci Kolordu
Active 1911–
Country Ottoman Empire
Type Corps
Garrison/HQ Van, Ma'murat-ül Aziz
Patron Sultans of the Ottoman Empire
Engagements Caucasus Campaign (World War I)
Battle of Sarikamish
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Mirliva Galip Pasha
Mirliva Abdülkerim Pasha
Miralay Selâhattin Âdil Bey (1916-October 20, 1916[1])

The XI Corps of the Ottoman Empire (Turkish: 11 nci Kolordu or On Birinci Kolordu) was one of the corps of the Ottoman Army. It was formed in the early 20th century during Ottoman military reforms.

Formation[edit]

With further reorganizations of the Ottoman Army, to include the creation of corps level headquarters, by 1911 the XI Corps was headquartered in Van. The Corps before the First Balkan War in 1911 was structured as such:[2]

  • XI Corps, Van
  • Units of IX Corps
  • 23rd Cavalry Regiment, Van
  • 21st Field Artillery Battalion, Van
  • 11th Transport Battalion, Van
  • 22nd Mountain Artillery Battalion
  • Border companies x 8

Balkan Wars[edit]

Order of Battle, July 1913[edit]

World War I[edit]

Order of Battle, August 1914, November 1914, April 1915, Late Summer 1915, January 1916, August 1916[edit]

In August 1914, November 1914, Late April 1915, Summer 1915, January 1916, August 1916, the corps was structured as follows:[3]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ T.C. Genelkurmay Harp Tarihi Başkanlığı Yayınları, Türk İstiklâl Harbine Katılan Tümen ve Daha Üst Kademlerdeki Komutanların Biyografileri, Genkurmay Başkanlığı Basımevi, Ankara, 1972, p. 118. (Turkish)
  2. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Defeat in Detail, The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912–1913, Westport, Praeger, 2003, p. 381.
  3. ^ Edward J. Erickson, Order to Die: A History of the Ottoman Army in the First World War, Greenwood Press, 2001, ISBN 0-313-31516-7, p. 38, 43, 86, 109, 126, 134.