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XI Corps (Pakistan)

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XI Corps
Flag of Pakistan's XI Corps.gif
Active1975–present
Country Pakistan
Allegiance Pakistan Army
BranchActive Duty
TypeArmy Corps
RoleCombined arms formation
Tactical headquarters element
Size30,000+ approximately (though this may vary as units are rotated)
HQ/Command Control HeadquarterPeshawar, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa Province
Nickname(s)Peshawar Corps[1]
Colors IdentificationRed, White and Black
            
EngagementsSiachen conflict
Soviet–Afghan War
Indo-Pakistani War of 1999
War in North-West Pakistan
DecorationsMilitary Decorations of Pakistan Military
Commanders
Corps CommanderLt Gen Shaheen Mazhar Mehmood
Notable
commanders
Masood Aslam
Fazle Haq
Ali Jan Aurakzai
Insignia
Flag of XI CorpsPakistan Army Xi Corps Flag.jpg

The XI Corps is a corps of Pakistan Army. The XI Corps is the only one corps that is assigned in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) province of Pakistan. It is currently stationed in Peshawar, Khyber-Pakhtaunkhuwa. The Corps was established and quickly raised in 1975 to support administrative military operational units in the NWFP and Northern Areas. The corps is internationally distinguished for its involvement in Soviet–Afghan War.

Afghan War[edit]

The start of the Afghan War brought the Corps to prominence. It was given three infantry divisions as well has been given the responsibility of covering the Khyber Pass, one of the two approaches by which the Soviets could attack into Pakistan (the other was the Bolan Pass, guarded by the XII Corps). For more than a decade it held the line against Soviet expansionism.

Kargil War[edit]

The end of the Cold War affected the Corp immensely. No longer facing a threat on its western flank, the army moved brigades and units away from the XIcorps, with its orientation being changed from a defending the Afghan border, to being a reserve force in Kashmir. The 1999 Kargil War saw the corps enter direct action for the first time and it fought mainly in the Gultari sector of Kashmir, where one of its members, Captain Kernel Sher Khan would be posthumously awarded the highest Pakistani military awardNishan-e-Haider, after being killed in combat in Indian Kashmir.

War on Terror[edit]

After September 11 attacks in the United States in 2001 and the subsequent invasion of Afghanistan, the XI Corps became the main Pakistani formation involved in fighting in Waziristan and the North West Frontier in general. It has been reinforced and also commands substantial forces of paramilitary Frontier Corps.

List of Commanders XI Corps[edit]

Rank and Name Start of Term End of Term
Lt Gen Majeed Malik, April 1975 March 1976
Lt Gen Sawar Khan, March 1976 January 1978
Lt Gen Fazle Haq, January 1978 March 1980
Lt Gen Chaudhri Abdul Majid, March 1980 April 1984
Lt Gen Muhammad Iqbal, April 1984 October 1985
Lt Gen Mirza Aslam Beg October 1985 January 1987
Lt Gen Ahmad Kamal Khan, January 1987 February 1989
Lt Gen Rehm Dil Bhatti, February 1989 September 1990
Lt Gen Farrakh Khan, September 1990 August 1991
Lt Gen Ayaz Ahmad August 1991 May 1994
Lt Gen Mumtaz Gul, May 1994 October 1996
Lt Gen Saeed uz Zafar October 1996 March 2000
Lt Gen Imtiaz Shaheen March 2000 April 2001
Lt Gen Ehsan ul Haq April 2001 October 2001
Lt Gen Ali Jan Aurakzai, October 2001 March 2004
Lt Gen Safdar Hussain, March 2004 September 2005
Lt Gen Mohammad Hamid Khan, September 2005 April 2007
Lt Gen Masood Aslam, April 2007 April 2010
Lt Gen Asif Yasin Malik, April 2010 December 2011
Lt Gen Khalid Rabbani, December 2011 October 2014
Lt Gen Hidayat Ur Rehman October 2014 December 2016
Lt Gen Nazir Ahmed Butt, December 2016 October 2018
Lt Gen Shaheen Mazhar Mehmood October 2018 Till Date

Composition[edit]

The order of battles of the corps keeps changing, especially in view of its current commitment in the War on terror. During peacetime the XI corps is based in the following areas:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Peshawar corps commander inspects highway construction in Mohmand". Daily Times.
  • Brain Cloughley, A History of Pakistan Army
  • Colonel Kaiser Hameed Khan who served in this HQ twice, as a capt during 1983 to 1986 and as Lt Col during 1996 to 1999.

External links[edit]