XI Corps (United Kingdom)

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XI Corps
Active 1915–1919
1940–1943
Country  United Kingdom
Branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Type Corps
Engagements

World War I[1]

Commanders
Notable
commanders
Sir Richard Haking

XI Corps was a corps-sized formation of the British Army, active during the Great War that served on the Western Front and in Italy. It was recreated as part of Home Forces defending the United Kingdom during World War II.

First World War[edit]

Western Front[edit]

XI Corps was formed in France on 29 August 1915 under Lt-Gen Richard Haking.[1] Its first serious engagement (as part of Sir Charles Monro's First Army) was the Battle of Fromelles (19 July 1916), a diversion to the Somme offensive in which two untried divisions were launched into an ill-planned subsidiary attack in Flanders. It achieved nothing but cost thousands of casualties, and caused great resentment in Australia.[2]

Order of Battle at Fromelles[3]

General Officer Commanding Lt-Gen R. Haking

Italian Front[edit]

XI Corps was one of two corps HQs moved to the Italian Front in November 1917.[1]

Order of Battle in Italy 1 December 1917[4]

GOC Lt-Gen Sir Richard Haking

Corps Troops:

  • 1/1st King Edward's Horse
  • HQ Corps Heavy Artillery Royal Garrison Artillery (RGA)
  • 11th Cyclist Battalion Army Cyclist Corps
  • Corps Topographical Section Royal Engineers (RE)
  • Signal Troops RE (L Corps Signal Company; 27 (Motor) Airline Section; R and LC Cable Sections, *Corps Heavy Artillery Signal Section RGA)
  • Corps Siege Park Army Service Corps (ASC)
  • Corps Ammunition Park (345 (MT) Company (25 Ammunition Sub-Park) ASC)
  • 491 (MT) Company ASC, attached Corps Heavy Artillery
  • 5th (Light) Mobile Workshop Army Ordnance Corps (AOC)
  • Area Employment Company
  • Corps School

Return to the Western Front[edit]

XI Corps returned to the Western Front in March 1918 in time to take part in the defence against the German Spring Offensive (the Battle of the Lys) and the final battles of the war as part of Sir William Birdwood's Fifth Army.

Order of Battle 27 September 1918[5]

GOC Lt-Gen Sir Richard Haking
Brigadier-General, General Staff: Brig-Gen J.E.S. Brind
Deputy Adjutant & Quartermaster-General: Brig.-Gen A.F.U. Green
Commander, Royal Artillery: Brig-Gen S.F. Metcalfe
Commander, Heavy Artillery: Brig-Gen F.A. Twiss
Commander, Engineers: Brig-Gen H.J.M. Marshall

Second World War[edit]

XI Corps was reformed in the United Kingdom early in the Second World War. It was based at Bishop's Stortford in Hertfordshire[6] with a major operational base at Felsted School.[7]

Order of Battle Autumn 1940[8]

General Officers Commanding[edit]

Commanders included:[11]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Baker, Chris (2010). "The British Corps of 1914-1918". The Long, Long Trail. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  2. ^ Baker, Chris (2007). "Fromelles: was the Australian Official History more truthful than the British?". The Long, Long Trail. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  3. ^ Baker, Chris (2010). "The Battles of the Somme, 1916". The Long, Long Trail. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  4. ^ Baker, Chris (2010). "The British campaign in Italy 1917-1918". The Long, Long Trail. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  5. ^ Official History 1918 Volume V, p 125 and Appendix I.
  6. ^ Newbold, p. 202
  7. ^ "Wartime Memories". Felsted School. Retrieved 20 February 2016. 
  8. ^ "11 Corps". The Royal Artillery 1939-45. 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  9. ^ "147 (Essex Yeomanry) Field Regiment RA (TA)". The Royal Artillery 1939-45. 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  10. ^ "72 Medium Regiment RA (TA)". The Royal Artillery 1939-45. 2014. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  11. ^ Mackie, Colin (2011). "Army Commands 1900-2011" (PDF). gulabin.com. p. 137. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 July 2015. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 

References[edit]

External sources[edit]