The XL Ranch is sometimes known as XL Rancheria, XL Ranch Indian Reservation, or X-L Ranch Reservation.
The band traditionally spoke the Achumawi and Atsugewi languages, which are closely related. They are part of the Palaihnihan branch of the Hokan language family. Some members of XL Ranch speak the Northern Paiute language, a Western Numic language of the Uto-Aztecan language family.
Tribal members often find employment in logging and hay ranching.
In 2015, federal agents busted a large marijuana grow. The grow had been started in partnership with a Canadian company, but was disputed between the two direct descendants of the Pit River tribe, siblings Phillip Del Rosa and Wendy Del Rosa.
- "California Indians and Their Reservations." San Diego State University Library and Information Access. 2009 (retrieved 15 Dec 2009)
- Pritzker, 177
- "Northern Paiute." Four Directions Institute. (retrieved 15 Dec 2009)
- "California Indian Tribe." 500 Nations. (retrieved 15 Dec 2009)
- "Monster Pot Raid on Tribal Territory in Modoc County; Feds Allege Connection With Canadian Tobacco Giant". Lost Coast Outpost. Retrieved Mar 30, 2020.
- "Alturas Rancheria leadership dispute helped spur marijuana bust". Archived from the original on December 8, 2015. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
- Pritzker, Barry M. A Native American Encyclopedia: History, Culture, and Peoples. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0-19-513877-1.