XL Ranch

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The XL Ranch is an Indian reservation located in Modoc County, north of Burney, California.[1]

It is home to the Hewisedawi band of the Pit River Tribe, a federally recognized tribe, which includes 9 bands of Achomawi Indians[2] and 2 bands of Atsugewi Indians.

The XL Ranch is sometimes known as XL Rancheria, XL Ranch Indian Reservation, or X-L Ranch Reservation.

The reservation was established in 1938 and is 9,255 acres (3,745 ha).[2] Approximately 40 tribal members live on the reservation.[1]


The band traditionally spoke the Achumawi and Atsugewi languages, which are closely related. They are part of the Palaihnihan branch of the Hokan language family.[1] Some members of XL Ranch speak the Northern Paiute language, a Western Numic language of the Uto-Aztecan language family.[3]


The Pit River Indian Tribe is headquartered in Burney, California.[4]

Tribal members often find employment in logging and hay ranching.[2]

In 2015, federal agents busted a large marijuana grow. The grow had been started in partnership with a Canadian company, but was disputed between the two direct descendants of the Pit River tribe, siblings Phillip Del Rosa and Wendy Del Rosa.[5][6]


  1. ^ a b c "California Indians and Their Reservations." San Diego State University Library and Information Access. 2009 (retrieved 15 Dec 2009)
  2. ^ a b c Pritzker, 177
  3. ^ "Northern Paiute." Four Directions Institute. (retrieved 15 Dec 2009)
  4. ^ "California Indian Tribe." 500 Nations. (retrieved 15 Dec 2009)
  5. ^ "Monster Pot Raid on Tribal Territory in Modoc County; Feds Allege Connection With Canadian Tobacco Giant". Lost Coast Outpost. Retrieved Mar 30, 2020.
  6. ^ "Alturas Rancheria leadership dispute helped spur marijuana bust". Archived from the original on December 8, 2015. Retrieved December 2, 2015.


  • Pritzker, Barry M. A Native American Encyclopedia: History, Culture, and Peoples. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0-19-513877-1.

Coordinates: 41°33′16″N 120°27′09″W / 41.554404°N 120.452385°W / 41.554404; -120.452385