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Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0
Constellation Corona Borealis[1]
Right ascension  16h 02m 11.8463s[2]
Declination +28° 10′ 10.420″[2]
Apparent magnitude (V) 11.19 ± 0.03[3]
Spectral type G1V[3]
Apparent magnitude (B) 11.85 ± 0.04[3]
Apparent magnitude (V) 11.19 ± 0.03[3]
Apparent magnitude (J) 9.939 ± 0.022[4]
Apparent magnitude (H) 9.601 ± 0.017[4]
Apparent magnitude (K) 9.527 ± 0.015[4]
Variable type Planetary transit variable[3]
Proper motion (μ) RA: −17.422±0.034[2] mas/yr
Dec.: 14.820±0.043[2] mas/yr
Parallax (π)6.0854 ± 0.0230[2] mas
Distance536 ± 2 ly
(164.3 ± 0.6 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV)5.02+0.14
[5] M
Radius0.94 ± 0.02[6] R
[5] L
Surface gravity (log g)4.50 ± 0.01[7] cgs
Temperature5738 ± 65[7] K
Metallicity [Fe/H]−0.06 ± 0.07[7] dex
Rotational velocity (v sin i)1.1 ± 1.0[7] km/s
[5] Gyr
Other designations
1SWASP J160211.83+281010.4, BD+28 2507, TYC 2041-1657-1, GSC 02041-01657, 2MASS J16021184+2810105[8]
Database references

XO-1 is a magnitude 11 G-type main-sequence star star located approximately 536 light-years away[2] in the constellation Corona Borealis. XO-1 has a mass and radius similar to the Sun. In 2006 the extrasolar planet XO-1b was discovered orbiting XO-1 by the transit method using the XO Telescope.[3]

Planetary system[edit]

The XO Project is an international team of professional and amateur astronomers which discovered the Jupiter-sized planet orbiting around XO-1. The team, led by Peter McCullough of the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore, includes four amateur astronomers from North America and Europe. The planet was confirmed using the Harlan J. Smith Telescope and Hobby-Eberly Telescope at McDonald Observatory of the University of Texas.[3] An independent confirmation of the planet was made by the Wide Angle Search for Planets project.[9]

Further observations with the NICMOS instrument on board the Hubble Space Telescope detected the presence of water vapor, methane, and carbon dioxide in the atmosphere of XO-1b.[10] However an independent reinvestigation of the same data was unable to reproduce these results.[11]

The XO-1 planetary system[12][13]
(in order from star)
Mass Semimajor axis
Orbital period
Eccentricity Inclination Radius
b 0.907±0.022 MJ 0.04914±0.00045 3.94150514(20) <0.019 88.84±0.22° 1.199±0.017 RJ

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Roman, Nancy G. (1987). "Identification of a Constellation From a Position". Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific. 99 (617): 695–699. Bibcode:1987PASP...99..695R. doi:10.1086/132034. Vizier query form
  2. ^ a b c d e f Brown, A. G. A.; et al. (Gaia collaboration) (August 2018). "Gaia Data Release 2: Summary of the contents and survey properties". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 616. A1. arXiv:1804.09365. Bibcode:2018A&A...616A...1G. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201833051. Gaia DR2 record for this source at VizieR.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g McCullough, P. R.; et al. (2006). "A Transiting Planet of a Sun-like Star". The Astrophysical Journal. 648 (2): 1228–1238. arXiv:astro-ph/0605414. Bibcode:2006ApJ...648.1228M. doi:10.1086/505651.
  4. ^ a b c Skrutskie, M. F.; et al. (2006). "The Two Micron All Sky Survey (2MASS)". The Astronomical Journal. 131 (2): 1163–1183. Bibcode:2006AJ....131.1163S. doi:10.1086/498708.Vizier catalog entry
  5. ^ a b c d Torres, Guillermo; et al. (2008). "Improved Parameters for Extrasolar Transiting Planets". The Astrophysical Journal. 677 (2): 1324–1342. arXiv:0801.1841. Bibcode:2008ApJ...677.1324T. doi:10.1086/529429.
  6. ^ Burke, Christopher J.; et al. (2010). "NICMOS Observations of the Transiting Hot Jupiter XO-1b". The Astrophysical Journal. 719 (2): 1796–1806. arXiv:1006.1953. Bibcode:2010ApJ...719.1796B. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/719/2/1796.
  7. ^ a b c d Torres, Guillermo; et al. (2012). "Improved Spectroscopic Parameters for Transiting Planet Hosts". The Astrophysical Journal. 757 (2). 161. arXiv:1208.1268. Bibcode:2012ApJ...757..161T. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/757/2/161.
  8. ^ "TYC 2041-1657-1". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved 2018-10-14.
  9. ^ Wilson, D. M.; et al. (2006). "SuperWASP Observations of the Transiting Extrasolar Planet XO-1b". The Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific. 118 (847): 1245–1251. arXiv:astro-ph/0607591. Bibcode:2006PASP..118.1245W. doi:10.1086/507957.
  10. ^ Tinetti, G.; et al. (2010). "Probing the Terminator Region Atmosphere of the Hot-Jupiter XO-1b with Transmission Spectroscopy". The Astrophysical Journal Letters. 712 (2): L139–L142. arXiv:1002.2434. Bibcode:2010ApJ...712L.139T. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/712/2/L139.
  11. ^ Gibson, N. P.; et al. (2011). "A new look at NICMOS transmission spectroscopy of HD 189733, GJ-436 and XO-1: no conclusive evidence for molecular features". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 411 (4): 2199–2213. arXiv:1010.1753. Bibcode:2011MNRAS.411.2199G. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.17837.x.
  12. ^ Bonomo, A. S.; et al. (2017). "The GAPS Programme with HARPS-N at TNG . XIV. Investigating giant planet migration history via improved eccentricity and mass determination for 231 transiting planets". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 602. A107. arXiv:1704.00373. Bibcode:2017A&A...602A.107B. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201629882.
  13. ^ Southworth, John; et al. (2018). "Physical properties and optical-infrared transmission spectrum of the giant planet XO-1 b". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 481 (3): 4261–4276. arXiv:1809.03775. Bibcode:2018MNRAS.481.4261S. doi:10.1093/mnras/sty2488.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: Sky map 16h 02m 12s, +28° 10′ 11″