XVII International AIDS Conference, 2008
Some of the topics covered at the conference include the following:
- Evidence of abacavir's diminished efficacy in HIV patients with high viral load
- Evidence of abacavir's association with increased risk of cardiovascular disease in certain patients
- Progress on three second generation NNRTI drugs
- A set of three new HIV drugs which have produced undetectable viral load in 90% of treated patients
- TRIO of New HIV Drugs Leads to Undetectable Viral Load in 90% of Treatment-Experienced Patients
- Tenofovir causing nephrotoxicity in persons with HIV
- Raltegravir producing virus suppression in Treatment-Naive Patients with HIV at 96 Weeks
- US HIV Infections increasing at a higher than expected rate
25,000 people attended the conference.
The media coverage of the event led to an unprecedented level of publication on HIV topics in Latin America. Many political leaders from all parts of the world made major announcements relating to HIV either immediately before or during the conference.
- Panamanian President Martín Torrijos repealed the law which criminalized sex between men, making Panama the last country in Latin America excluding the Caribbean to decriminalize homosexual acts.
- Mexican President Felipe Calderón announced his intent to make low drug pricing a priority in his government and removed the regulatory barriers which required pharmaceuticals sold in Mexico to be manufactured in country.
- Mexico City mayor Marcelo Ebrard spoke out against homophobia
- Indian Health Minister Anbumani Ramadoss urged the Indian parliament to repeal Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code
- China lifted its ban on allowing persons with HIV to enter the country.
- Representatives from 30 Ministries of Health and 25 Ministries of Education in Latin America announced that their strategy for preventing HIV would be to prioritize HIV prevention education and sex education in schools.
- Merck & Co. announced that it would cut the price of efavirenz in Mexico by 40%, making the price per patient move from 777 pesos (USD $77.50) to 468 pesos (USD $46), and on raltegravir by 30%, making the monthly price change from 9050 pesos (USD $903) to 6850 (US $683)
- Spanish Vice President María Teresa Fernández de la Vega announced that Spain was contributing €10.2 million to UNAIDS, of which €3 million would go to IAVI and €1.5 million will go to the IPM.
- The Spanish government announced that its National Health System would now include of lipoatrophy treatment.
- The Coalition of First Ladies[clarification needed] and Women Leaders of Latin America on HIV[clarification needed] announced their commitment to eliminating the vertical transmission of HIV and syphilis by 2015.
James Chin argued that the conference's efficacy was hindered by attendee's practice of political correctness. Specifically he said that sub-Saharan Africa's HIV prevention programs were being harmed by the incorrect idea that poverty and discrimination rather than risky sex were the forces to be targeted when combating the spread of HIV. In places other than Africa, Chin stated that prevention programs should focus on gay men, injecting drug users, and sex workers and their clients because these groups are at highest risk of contracting HIV.
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we use evidence-informed advocacy and services to link HIV with sexual and reproductive health.
- "UNIFEM-Sponsored Events - UNIFEM at the XVII International AIDS Conference, 3–8 August 2008, Mexico City". unifem.org. 2011. Retrieved 12 April 2011.
- "Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) IAC Satellite". doctorswithoutborders.org. 5 August 2008. Retrieved 12 April 2011.
- Kort, Rodney (2009). "XVII International AIDS Conference: From Evidence to Action - AIDS 2008 and the global response to AIDS". Journal of the International AIDS Society. 12 (Suppl 1): S7. doi:10.1186/1758-2652-12-S1-S7. PMC . PMID 19811673.
- James Chin (12 August 2008). "Political Correctness Undermines AIDS Fight". The Korea Times. Retrieved 30 March 2011.