XXVI Reserve Corps (German Empire)

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XXVI Reserve Corps
XXVI. Reserve-Korps
Stab eines Generalkommandos.svg
Flag of the Staff of a Generalkommando (1871–1918)
Active October 1914 - post November 1918
Country  German Empire
Type Corps
Size Approximately 32,000 (on formation)
Engagements

World War I

Western Front
First Battle of Ypres

The XXVI Reserve Corps (German: XXVI. Reserve-Korps / XXVI RK) was a corps level command of the German Army in World War I.

Formation[edit]

XXVI Reserve Corps was formed in October 1914.[1] It was part of the first wave of new Corps formed at the outset of World War I consisting of XXII - XXVII Reserve Corps of 43rd - 54th Reserve Divisions (plus 6th Bavarian Reserve Division). The personnel was predominantly made up of kriegsfreiwillige (wartime volunteers) who did not wait to be called up.[2] It was still in existence at the end of the war[3] in the 18th Army, Heeresgruppe Deutscher Kronprinz on the Western Front.[4]

Structure on formation[edit]

On formation in October 1914, XXVI Reserve Corps consisted of two divisions.[5] but was weaker than an Active Corps

  • Reserve Infantry Regiments consisted of three battalions but only had a machine gun platoon (of 2 machine guns) rather than a machine gun company (of 6 machine guns)[6]
  • Reserve Jäger Battalions did not have a machine gun company on formation, though some were provided with a machine gun platoon[7]
  • Reserve Cavalry Detachments were much smaller than the Reserve Cavalry Regiments formed on mobilisation[8]
  • Reserve Field Artillery Regiments consisted of three abteilungen (2 gun and 1 howitzer) of three batteries each, but each battery had just 4 guns (rather than 6 of the Active and the Reserve Regiments formed on mobilisation)[9]

In summary, XXVI Reserve Corps mobilised with 26 infantry battalions, 8 machine gun platoons (16 machine guns), 2 cavalry detachments, 18 field artillery batteries (72 guns) and 2 pioneer companies.

Corps Division Brigade Units
XXVI Reserve Corps 51st Reserve Division[10] 101st Reserve Infantry Brigade 233rd Reserve Infantry Regiment
234th Reserve Infantry Regiment
102nd Reserve Infantry Brigade 235th Reserve Infantry Regiment
236th Reserve Infantry Regiment
23rd Reserve Jäger Battalion[11]
51st Reserve Field Artillery Regiment
51st Reserve Cavalry Detachment
51st Reserve Pioneer Company
52nd Reserve Division[12] 103rd Reserve Infantry Brigade 237th Reserve Infantry Regiment
238th Reserve Infantry Regiment
104th Reserve Infantry Brigade 239th Reserve Infantry Regiment
240th Reserve Infantry Regiment
24th Reserve Jäger Battalion[13]
52nd Reserve Field Artillery Regiment
52nd Reserve Cavalry Detachment
52nd Reserve Pioneer Company

Combat chronicle[edit]

Commanders[edit]

XXVI Reserve Corps had the following commanders during its existence:[14][15]

From Rank Name
25 August 1914 Generalleutnant Otto von Hügel[16]
30 September 1914 General der Infanterie
5 March 1918 Generalleutnant Oskar von Watter

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cron 2002, p. 87
  2. ^ Cron 2002, p. 97
  3. ^ Cron 2002, pp. 88–89
  4. ^ Ellis & Cox 1993, pp. 186–187
  5. ^ AEF GHQ 1920, pp. 498,505
  6. ^ Busche 1998, pp. 108–111
  7. ^ Cron 2002, p. 116 Active Jäger Battlions had a machine gun company with the exceptions of the 1st and 2nd Bavarian Jäger Battalions
  8. ^ Cron 2002, p. 128 Reserve Cavalry Regiments consisted of three squadrons
  9. ^ Cron 2002, p. 136
  10. ^ AEF GHQ 1920, p. 497
  11. ^ Busche 1998, p. 133 Without a machine gun platoon
  12. ^ AEF GHQ 1920, p. 504
  13. ^ Busche 1998, p. 133 Without a machine gun platoon
  14. ^ "German War History". Retrieved 22 December 2012. 
  15. ^ "Armee-Reserve-Korps". The Prussian Machine. Archived from the original on April 11, 2012. Retrieved 22 December 2012. 
  16. ^ On transfer to active reserve status (retirement) on 2 April 1912, he was given an honorary promotion General der Infanterie (Charakter). "Otto Freiherr von Hügel". The Prussian Machine. Archived from the original on October 3, 2013. Retrieved 22 December 2012. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Cron, Hermann (2002). Imperial German Army 1914-18: Organisation, Structure, Orders-of-Battle [first published: 1937]. Helion & Co. ISBN 1-874622-70-1. 
  • Ellis, John; Cox, Michael (1993). The World War I Databook. Aurum Press Ltd. ISBN 1-85410-766-6. 
  • Busche, Hartwig (1998). Formationsgeschichte der Deutschen Infanterie im Ersten Weltkrieg (1914 bis 1918) (in German). Institut für Preußische Historiographie. 
  • Histories of Two Hundred and Fifty-One Divisions of the German Army which Participated in the War (1914-1918), compiled from records of Intelligence section of the General Staff, American Expeditionary Forces, at General Headquarters, Chaumont, France 1919. The London Stamp Exchange Ltd (1989). 1920. ISBN 0-948130-87-3. 
  • The German Forces in the Field; 7th Revision, 11th November 1918; Compiled by the General Staff, War Office. Imperial War Museum, London and The Battery Press, Inc (1995). 1918. ISBN 1-870423-95-X.