X (INXS album)

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X
Inxs X.jpg
Studio album by
Released25 September 1990
Recorded1989–1990
StudioRhinoceros 2 (Sydney, Australia), AIR (London, UK)
GenreAlternative rock, pop rock
Length41:42
LabelWEA, Atlantic, Mercury
ProducerChris Thomas
INXS chronology
Kick
(1987)
X
(1990)
Welcome to Wherever You Are
(1992)
Singles from X
  1. "Suicide Blonde"
    Released: 22 August 1990
  2. "Disappear"
    Released: 25 November 1990
  3. "By My Side"
    Released: 30 March 1991
  4. "Bitter Tears"
    Released: 13 July 1991
  5. "The Stairs"
    Released: November 1991

X is Australian rock band INXS's seventh studio album, released on 25 September 1990. The follow-up to the massive seller Kick, X scored hits with "Suicide Blonde" and "Disappear" (both Top 10 in the US).[1] Both singles were later used in the soundtrack to the 1991 American teen comedy Mystery Date. Two other singles from X were "Bitter Tears" and "By My Side" but they had less chart success.[2] A fifth single, "The Stairs", was only issued in the Netherlands to coincide with the release of the Live Baby Live album.

X was the third consecutive INXS album produced by Chris Thomas. The title, the Roman numeral for "10", represents the band's tenth year since their debut album was released in 1980. X features a sample of blues-harp player Charlie Musselwhite on "Suicide Blonde", and Musselwhite himself playing on "Who Pays the Price" and "On My Way". In 2002, a remastered version of the album was released, which included five previously unreleased tracks.

Background[edit]

INXS gained great success with the release of their previous studio album, Kick. The multimillion-selling album received critical acclaim and proved to be the band's biggest selling album by far, having gone platinum multiple times. In 1987 and 1988, INXS toured heavily in support of Kick.[3]

During 1989, the band took a break to work on side projects. Vocalist and primary songwriter Michael Hutchence collaborated with Ian 'Ollie' Olsen in the band Max Q,[2] the two having previously worked together on Richard Lowenstein's film Dogs in Space. The remaining members of INXS also got involved in other musical projects, including songwriter and multi-instrumentalist Andrew Farriss, who joined singer-songwriter Jenny Morris in the studio to produce her second solo album, Shiver.[4] Bass guitarist Gary Garry Beers collaborated with ARIA award-winning Sydney band Absent Friends during 1989.[5] Beers would first tour with the group, later going on to record tracks for their debut album, Here's Looking Up Your Address.[5] Drummer Jon Farriss would soon join the recording sessions, contributing percussion on one track.[6] Guitarist and saxophonist Kirk Pengilly, along with lead guitarist Tim Farriss, both paired up to help produce an album for local Sydney band, Crash Politics.[7]

Upon entering the 1990s, INXS wanted to follow up on Kick, their multimillion-selling international success. In a radio interview shortly after the release of X, Hutchence said, "We had to follow-up (on Kick) otherwise we'd disappear".[4]

Recording and production[edit]

The band worked again with producer Chris Thomas at the new Rhinoceros studio in Sydney, Australia.[8] Regarding the new studio, Thomas felt that it imposed a different feeling on the band's sound, which reflected in the album's material. In a 2002 interview, Thomas commented, "We worked at the new Rhinoceros studio, which was ridiculously enormous. To some degree, it forced isolation on everything, including the control room. To get a vibe on playback, you had to turn everything up really loud because the room was so big".[9]

Most of the material for X was written by the songwriting duo of Andrew Farriss and Michael Hutchence with the exception of "Disappear", "Faith in Each Other" and "Deepest Red" (excluded from the album), which were written by Hutchence and Jon Farriss,[9] whereas "By My Side" was a collaboration between Andrew and Kirk Pengilly.[9] According to the album's liner notes, Thomas assisted in arranging the song's composition, specifically the chorus;[9] the song's original demo, under the title "Dark of Night", with alternate lyrics was released on the album's 2002 remaster.[9] Some songs that appear on the album were in fact written years prior, including "Lately" and "Disappear" - the lyrics for "Lately" were originally written by Andrew during the recording sessions of the group's fifth studio album, Listen Like Thieves,[4] while Hutchence and Jon wrote the lyrics for "Disappear" when they were living in Hong Kong in 1989.[10][11]

An idea that Andrew suggested to Hutchence and the rest of the band was the sound of a Blues harp.[4] After discovering Blues musician Charlie Musselwhite had been touring Australia, the band met with him and decided to use his harmonica playing talent on the album.[4] Rather than playing a live recording on "Suicide Blonde", Musselwhite instead lay down harp samples; he does play full harmonica on "Who Pays the Price" and "On My Way".

Like the band's two previous studio albums produced by Thomas, X features a slickness and polish in its production, a quality that would be removed during production of their next album, Welcome to Wherever You Are, and subsequent albums. It would also be the group's last studio album produced by Thomas. Their next collaboration would take place four years later on the recording of both "The Strangest Party (These Are the Times)" and "Deliver Me", which were two new songs that appeared on the band's Greatest Hits compilation released in 1994.[12]

Music and lyrics[edit]

Sticking to the formula that was built on Kick, Thomas urged primary songwriters Andrew Farriss and Hutchence to condense their song writing strengths on X.[10] According to the liner notes on the album's 2002 remaster, Thomas stated, "Everything about INXS this time around was grandiose, and this was reflected in the material".[9] He added, "The album got away from the funky stuff and was moving towards the epic on tracks like "Lately" and "The Stairs".[9] Paul Evans of Rolling Stone summed up the changes with "[INXS] focus their strengths, coming up not only with tough, state-of-the-art pop but with the casual confidence of a mature collective personality".[13] Regarding the recorded material, Evans observed that "the record blends R&B; and rock as INXS always has done – but this time the grooves are more solid, the energy and moods less disparate".[13]

Similar to the themes that were explored on Kick, X continues to reflect on the band's personal experiences about relationships and daily life, while touching on social topics such as media, fame and society. The title and lyrics to "Suicide Blonde" came from a phrase that Hutchence first heard used by his then-girlfriend Kylie Minogue,[14] while "Disappear" describes how [Hutchence] is flushed with anxiety when he sees what's going on in the world, but all those problems and fears are cast aside when he's with the one he loves.[15] Hutchence asserted that "The Stairs", a song about singular city life, was the most ambitious song he had ever written; the song describes how tens of millions lead daily lives separated by walls mere inches apart yet never meet.[16] Andrew was inspired to write "By My Side" for his wife, Shelly, and said that the song is about "missing family and people while being on the road".[10] Regarding the lyrics to "Hear That Sound", Hutchence commented, "it is about the power of people, more particularly in large crowds or in marches for the purpose of peaceful protest or celebration".[17]

Reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic[18]
Rolling Stone[13]
Q[19]
The Daily VaultB+[20]

While reviews for X were generally favourable, with some critics commenting that INXS had stepped up their game, others felt that the album followed too much in the same formula as Kick. Allmusic's Steven McDonald mentions this in the beginning of his review, stating "The seventh album from Australia's INXS basically sticks to the formula set up on Kick, mixing solid remixable dance floor beats with slightly quirky production tricks, Michael Hutchence's rough-edged, bluesy vocals, and some good solid song hooks".[18]

In his 1990 review for Rolling Stone, music critic Paul Evans rated the album four stars out of five and called X the band's "best and most cohesive album". He added, "X is greater than the sum of its parts. It defines the band and clarifies the fullness of its appeal".[13]

Commercial performance[edit]

Even though the album and its singles did not exceed the success of Kick, it did perform well worldwide, particularly in Europe; In the United Kingdom, the album peaked at number 2 on the UK Albums Chart.[21][22] In total, it remained in the UK charts for an impressive 44 weeks.[22] The album was certified platinum in January 1991 by the British Phonographic Industry (BPI) for sales in excess of 300,000 copies.[23] X proved successful across Europe, reaching number 5 in Switzerland,[24] number 7 in France,[22] number 9 in (Germany),[25] number 10 in Sweden[26] and number 13 in Norway.[27] The album quickly received gold accreditations in all these regions, subsequently attaining platinum status in both France[28] and Switzerland.[29]

In the band's native Australia, X entered at number 1 on the Australian Albums Chart on 21 October 1990, remaining at the top spot for two weeks.[30] It was present for a total of 34 weeks on the chart.[30] In New Zealand, the album peaked at number 2 on the RIANZ Chart, staying on the chart for 23 weeks.[31] X was certified double platinum by the Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA) and platinum by the Recording Industry Association of New Zealand (RIANZ) for shipments of 140,000 and 15,000 units respectively.[32][33]

In the United States, X peaked at number 5 on the Billboard Top 200 on 20 October 1990.[34] Similar to the United Kingdom, the album spent a total of 43 weeks in the charts.[34] Less than two months after its release, X was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) on 13 November 1990 for shipments of 500,000 units.[35] The album would eventually go double platinum on 16 December 1997 for sales of two million copies alone in the United States.[35] X was also certified double platinum in Canada in February 1991 for shipments of 200,000 units.[36]

Track listing[edit]

All tracks are written by Andrew Farriss and Michael Hutchence, except where noted.

No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Suicide Blonde" 3:53
2."Disappear"J. Farriss, M. Hutchence[9]4:10
3."The Stairs" 4:56
4."Faith in Each Other"J. Farriss, M. Hutchence[9]4:09
5."By My Side"A. Farriss, K. Pengilly3:06
6."Lately" 3:37
7."Who Pays the Price" 3:37
8."Know the Difference" 3:18
9."Bitter Tears" 3:49
10."On My Way" 2:56
11."Hear That Sound" 4:05
Bonus tracks on 2002 Remaster
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
12."Waiting to Be Free"A. Farriss[9]3:11
13."Deepest Red"J. Farriss, M. Hutchence[9]3:24
14."Salvation Jane (Demo)"A. Farriss[9]3:22
15."Who Pays the Price (Demo)" 3:15
16."Dark of Night (Demo)"A. Farriss, K. Pengilly2:29

Personnel[edit]

INXS

Additional musician

Production[edit]

  • Chris Thomas – producer
  • David Nicholas – engineer
  • Brendan Morley – assistant engineer
  • Andy Strange – assistant engineer
  • Tim Young – mastering
  • Tom Bouman – art direction
  • Nick Egan – art direction, design
  • Michael Halsband – cover photography
  • Grant Matthews – inside photography
  • C.M. Murphy and MMA Management – management

Charts and certifications[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • McDonald, Steven. "X > Review". Allmusic (Rovi Corporation). Retrieved 19 May 2010.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "INXS > Charts & Awards > Billboard singles". Allmusic (Rovi Corporation). Retrieved 18 May 2010.
  2. ^ a b McFarlane, Ian (1999). "Encyclopedia entry for 'INXS'". Encyclopedia of Australian Rock and Pop. Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1-86448-768-2. Retrieved 18 May 2010.
  3. ^ St John, Ed; INXS (1992). INXS: The Official Inside Story of a Band on the Road. Port Melbourne, Vic: Mandarin. p. 75. ISBN 1-86330-207-7.
  4. ^ a b c d e INXS promotes X – 1990 Radio Interview. Retrieved 5 February 2016
  5. ^ a b "MTV – Absent Friends Biography" Retrieved 30 January 2017
  6. ^ "Absent Friends – Here's Looking Up Your Address". discogs. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  7. ^ "Crash Politics – Kiss My Mind". discogs. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  8. ^ "INXS Facts". Encyclopedia. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l X liner notes. Retrieved 4 February 2017
  10. ^ a b c INXS; Bozza, Anthony (2005). INXS: Story to Story: The Official Autobiography. Atria Books. p. 179. ISBN 978-0-7432-8404-2. Retrieved 5 February 2016
  11. ^ "Disappear – INXS". New Wave Journal Music site of an 80's child. 27 January 2012. Retrieved 5 February 2016.
  12. ^ "INXS – The Greatest Hits". discogs. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  13. ^ a b c d Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian, eds. (2004). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide. Simon & Schuster. p. 406. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8.
  14. ^ "INXS – Suicide Blonde". Song Facts. Retrieved 14 March 2021.
  15. ^ "INXS – Disappear". Song Facts. Retrieved 14 March 2021.
  16. ^ Richin, Leslie (22 January 2015). "Remembering INXS' Michael Hutchence: 8 Classic Songs Revisited". Billboard. Retrieved 14 March 2021.
  17. ^ "INXS – Hear That Sound". Song Meanings. Retrieved 14 March 2021.
  18. ^ a b "X – INXS". AllMusic. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
  19. ^ "Q Magazine | Music news & reviews, music videos, band pictures & interviews". Q4music.com. Retrieved 12 January 2012.
  20. ^ Thelen, Christopher. "X – INXS". The Daily Vault. Retrieved 8 December 2018.
  21. ^ a b "Official Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
  22. ^ a b c "The World's Music Charts – Chart runs of INXS". Retrieved 5 February 2016
  23. ^ a b "British album certifications – INXS – X". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  24. ^ a b "Swisscharts.com – INXS – X". Hung Medien. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
  25. ^ a b "Offiziellecharts.de – INXS – X" (in German). GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
  26. ^ a b "Swedishcharts.com – INXS – X". Hung Medien. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
  27. ^ a b "Norwegiancharts.com – INXS – X". Hung Medien. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
  28. ^ a b "French album certifications – INXS – X" (in French). InfoDisc. Retrieved 14 September 2012. Select INXS and click OK. 
  29. ^ a b "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (INXS; 'X')". IFPI Switzerland. Hung Medien. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  30. ^ a b c "Australiancharts.com – INXS – X". Hung Medien. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
  31. ^ a b "Charts.nz – INXS – X". Hung Medien. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
  32. ^ a b "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 1990 Albums" (PDF). Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  33. ^ a b "New Zealand album certifications – INXS – X". Recorded Music NZ. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
  34. ^ a b c "INXS Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
  35. ^ a b c "American album certifications – INXS – X". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved 18 May 2010.
  36. ^ a b "Canadian album certifications – INXS – X". Music Canada. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  37. ^ "Austriancharts.at – INXS – X" (in German). Hung Medien. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
  38. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – INXS – X" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
  39. ^ "Tous les 'Chart Runs' des Albums classés depuis 1985 dans le Top Albums Officiel". InfoDisc. Locate INXS under the drop-down menu and click OK. Retrieved 12 February 2017.
  40. ^ "Album Top 40 slágerlista – 1991. 30. hét" (in Hungarian). MAHASZ. Retrieved November 25, 2021.
  41. ^ "ARIA Top 100 Albums for 1990". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved 19 December 2020.
  42. ^ "Jaaroverzichten – Album 1990". dutchcharts.nl. Retrieved 19 December 2020.
  43. ^ "ARIA Top 100 Albums for 1991". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved 19 December 2020.
  44. ^ "Top 100 Album-Jahrescharts". GfK Entertainment (in German). offiziellecharts.de. Retrieved 19 December 2020.
  45. ^ "Top Billboard 200 Albums – Year-End 1991". Billboard. Retrieved 19 December 2020.
  46. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (INXS)" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  47. ^ "Guld- och Platinacertifikat − År 1987−1998" (PDF) (in Swedish). IFPI Sweden. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 May 2011. Retrieved 5 April 2017. Scroll to position 578 to view certification.