X Corps (Pakistan)

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X Corps
Flag of Pakistan's X Corps.png
Active1974 – present
Country Pakistan
Allegiance Pakistan Army
BranchActive Duty
TypeArmy Corps
RoleCombined arms formation
Tactical headquarters element
Size200,000 approximately (though this may vary as units are rotated)
HQ/Command Control HeadquarterRawalpindi, Punjab Province
Nickname(s)X Corps
The Pindi Corps
Rawalpindi Corps[1]
Colors IdentificationRed, White and yellow
            
EngagementsSiachen conflict
Indo-Pakistani War of 1999
1999 Pakistani coup d'état
DecorationsMilitary Decorations of Pakistan Military
Commanders
Corps CommanderLt Gen Azhar Abbas
Notable
commanders

Lt Gen Jahan Dad Khan
Gen Ashfaq Parvez Kayani
Gen Tariq Majid
Lt Gen Zahid Ali Akbar
Lt Gen Jamshed Gulzar Kiani
Lt Gen Mahmud Ahmed
Lt Gen Ali Kuli Khan Khattak
Lt Gen Ghulam Muhammad Malik
Lt Gen Aftab Ahmad Khan
Gen Qamar Javed Bajwa

The X Corps is a corps of the Pakistan Army, currently assigned in Rawalpindi, Punjab Province of Pakistan. It's one of two corps that are currently active in Kashmir. One of its most important brigades, the 111th Infantry Brigade in Rawalpindi, is assigned Presidential Guard duties along with ceremonial duties for foreign dignitaries arriving in Pakistan.The current commander of this corps is Lt Gen Azhar Abbas.[2]

History[edit]

The X Corps was raised in 1974 by Lt. General Aftab Ahmad Khan. Headquartered in Rawalpindi, it is responsible for operations in some areas of Kashmir.[3] Before that, all formations in Kashmir were controlled directly from GHQ. As an ode to Lt. General Aftab Ahmad Khan, the insignia of the X Corps features a Rising Sun or Aftab (in Urdu) with 10 rays extruding from it.


Serving on the Line of Control[edit]

In 1974, as today, the Indian and Pakistani forces face each other across the Line of Control (LoC), and there are often exchanges of fire, and sometime full-scale battles. Since 1974, the formation's primary occupation has been to protect Pakistani interests on the LoC.


Siachen conflict[edit]

In 1984, the Pakistan Army was involved in a major skirmish with the Indian Army in the northernmost part of the disputed region of Kashmir. Under the command of Lt Gen Zahid Ali Akbar Khan, the X Corps was put into action on the highest battlefield in the world.


Kargil War[edit]

In 1999, under the command of Lt Gen Mahmud Ahmed, the conflict over Kargil saw the corps enter action, in Kargil itself, and all along the LoC. Over several weeks in June 1999, the entire corps was engaged for the first time in its history. During the fighting, Havildar Lalak Jan, a trooper of the corps would earn the Nishan-e-Haider.

List of corps commanders[edit]

# Name Start of tenure End of tenure
1 Lt Gen Aftab Ahmad Khan March 1973 March 1976
2 Lt Gen Faiz Ali Chishti March 1976 March 1980
3 Lt Gen Jahan Dad Khan March 1980 April 1984
4 Lt Gen Zahid Ali Akbar Khan April 1984 May 1987
5 Lt Gen Imran Ullah Khan May 1987 June 1991
6 Lt Gen Ghulam Muhammad Malik June 1991 October 1995
7 Lt Gen Ali Kuli Khan Khattak October 1995 May 1997
8 Lt Gen Saleem Haider May 1997 October 1998
9 Lt Gen Mahmud Ahmed October 1998 October 1999
10 Lt Gen Jamshed Gulzar Kiani November 1999 October 2001
11 Lt Gen Syed Arif Hassan October 2001 October 2003
12 Lt Gen Ashfaq Parvez Kayani October 2003 August 2004
13 Lt Gen Salahuddin Satti October 2004 November 2006
14 Lt Gen Tariq Majid November 2006 October 2007
15 Lt Gen Mohsin Kamal October 2007 October 2008
16 Lt Gen Tahir Mahmud October 2008 May 2010
17 Lt Gen Khalid Nawaz Khan May 2010 August 2013
18 Lt Gen Qamar Javed Bajwa August 2013 October 2015
19 Lt Gen Malik Zafar Iqbal October 2015 December 2016
20 Lt Gen Nadeem Raza December 2016 September 2018
22 Lt Gen Bilal Akbar September 2018 September 2019
23 Lt Gen Azhar Abbas September 2019 Present

Order of battle[edit]

The Corps HQ is stationed in Rawalpindi, however its subordinate formations and units are mostly deployed in Kashmir.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Rawalpindi Corps Commander visits troops at LoC". pakobserver.net.
  2. ^ "ISPR announces reshuffle in Army command". The Express Tribune. 24 August 2018.
  3. ^ X Corps

Further reading[edit]

  • Brain Cloughley, A History of Pakistan Army