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Extended reality

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(Redirected from X Reality (XR))

Extended reality (XR) is an umbrella term to refer to augmented reality (AR), virtual reality (VR), and mixed reality (MR). The technology is intended to combine or mirror the physical world with a "digital twin world" able to interact with it,[1][2] giving users an immersive experience by being in a virtual or augmented environment.

The fields of virtual reality and augmented reality are rapidly growing and being applied in a wide range of areas such as entertainment, cinema, marketing, real estate, training, education, maintenance[3] and remote work.[4] Extended reality has the ability to be used for joint effort in the workplace, training, educational purposes, therapeutic treatments, and data exploration and analysis.

Extended reality works by using visual data acquisition that is either accessed locally or shared and transfers over a network and to the human senses. By enabling real-time responses in a virtual stimulus these devices create customized experiences. Advancing in 5G and edge computing – a type of computing that is done "at or near the source of data" – could aid in data rates, increase user capacity, and reduce latency. These applications will likely expand extended reality into the future.

Around one-third of the global extended reality market is attributed to Europe.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Tu, Xinyi (2023). "TwinXR: Method for using digital twin descriptions in industrial eXtended reality applications". Frontiers in Virtual Reality. 4. doi:10.3389/frvir.2023.1019080. ISSN 2673-4192.
  2. ^ Casini, Marco (2022). "Extended Reality for Smart Building Operation and Maintenance: A Review". Energies. 15 (10): 3785. doi:10.3390/en15103785. hdl:11573/1637935. ISSN 1996-1073.
  3. ^ Coupry, Corentin (2021). "BIM-Based Digital Twin and XR Devices to Improve Maintenance Procedures in Smart Buildings: A Literature Review". Applied Sciences. 11 (15): 6810. doi:10.3390/app11156810. ISSN 2076-3417.
  4. ^ Chuah, Stephanie Hui-Wen (2018). "Why and Who Will Adopt Extended Reality Technology? Literature Review, Synthesis, and Future Research Agenda". SSRN 3300469.


  • Vinod Baya; Erik Sherman. "The road ahead for augmented reality". pwc.
  • Pereira, Fernando. "Deep Learning-Based Extended Reality: Making Humans and Machines Speak the Same Visual Language." In Proceedings of the 1st Workshop on Interactive eXtended Reality, 1–2. IXR ’22. New York, NY, USA: Association for Computing Machinery, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1145/3552483.3555366.
  • United States Government Accountability Office. Extended Reality Technologies. Science & Tech Spotlight. Washington, D.C: GAO, Science, Technology Assessment, and Analytics, 2022.
  • Boel, Carl, Kim Dekeyser, Fien Depaepe, Luis Quintero, Tom van Daele, and Brenda Wiederhold. Extended Reality: Opportunities, Success Stories and Challenges (Health, Education) : Executive Summary. Luxembourg: Publications Office, 2023. https://op.europa.eu/publication/manifestation_identifier/PUB_KK0722997ENN.
  • Sayler, Kelley M. "Military Applications of Extended Reality." IF 12010. Washington, D.C: Congressional Research Service, 2022.