Extended reality

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An extended reality set

Extended reality (XR) is a term referring to all real-and-virtual combined environments and human-machine interactions generated by computer technology and wearables, where the 'X' represents a variable for any current or future spatial computing technologies.[1][circular reference] E.g. It includes representative forms such as augmented reality (AR), mixed reality (MR)[2][3] and virtual reality (VR)[4] and the areas interpolated among them. The levels of virtuality range from partially sensory inputs to immersive virtuality, also called VR.[5]

XR is a superset which includes the entire spectrum from "the complete real" to "the complete virtual" in the concept of reality–virtuality continuum introduced by Paul Milgram. Still, its connotation lies in the extension of human experiences especially relating to the senses of existence (represented by VR) and the acquisition of cognition (represented by AR). With the continuous development in human–computer interactions, this connotation is still evolving.

XR is a rapid growing field being applied in a wide range of ways, such as entertainment, marketing, real-estate, training and remote work.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Spatial computing
  2. ^ Tang, Y. M.; Au, K. M.; Leung, Yohana (2018-11-22). "Comprehending products with mixed reality: Geometric relationships and creativity". International Journal of Engineering Business Management. doi:10.1177/1847979018809599.
  3. ^ Tang, Y. M.; Au, K. M.; Lau, H. C. W.; Ho, G. T. S.; Wu, C. H. (2020-12-01). "Evaluating the effectiveness of learning design with mixed reality (MR) in higher education". Virtual Reality. 24 (4): 797–807. doi:10.1007/s10055-020-00427-9. ISSN 1434-9957.
  4. ^ J. P. Gownder; Christopher Voce; Michelle Mai; Diane Lynch (May 10, 2016). "Breakout Vendors: Virtual And Augmented Reality". Retrieved August 17, 2016.
  5. ^ Goode, Lauren (5 January 2019). "Get Ready to Hear a Lot More About 'XR'". Wired. Condé Nast. Retrieved 10 January 2019.
  6. ^ Chuah, Stephanie Hui-Wen (2018). "Why and Who Will Adopt Extended Reality Technology? Literature Review, Synthesis, and Future Research Agenda". SSRN Working Paper Series. doi:10.2139/ssrn.3300469. ISSN 1556-5068.