Xafecopy Trojan

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Xafecopy Trojan is a malware software targeting the Android operating system, first identified in September 2017 by cybersecurity and antivirus provider Kaspersky Lab. According to Kaspersky Lab, Xafecopy infected at least 4,800 users within a month in approximately 47 countries.[1] Users in India were its primary victims, followed by users from Russia, Turkey, and Mexico.[2][3][4]

History[edit]

Xafecopy was first discovered by Kaspersky in 2017 when it infected thousands of android-based devices in India. The malware was reported to be embedded in a variety of apps, most commonly in battery optimizers. Malicious code is downloaded onto the device without the knowledge or consent of the user.[5] The app clicks on web pages that use the Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) billing method, and Xafecopy subscribes the phone to a number of services which charge money directly to the user's mobile phone bill. The technology is also able to bypass Captcha systems.[2][6]

Xafecopy has been found using Javascript file names which was previously used by infamous Ztorg Trojan, triggering speculation of a possibility of code sharing between cyber criminal gangs.[7][8]

Operation[edit]

Xafecopy disguises itself as a useful app, often a battery optimizer.[9] It operates by clicking on web pages with WAP billing system which is a form of mobile payment system charged directly to the mobile bill. The malware works in WAP-enabled android devices over a GPRS or 3G wireless connection and is based on the Ubsod family. It was detected by Kaspersky Lab as Trojan-Clicker-AndroidOS.Xafekopy. Xafecopy receives the WAP billing URL addresses of the web pages through a command-and-control server. Once the URL address is received at the device, it clicks on the WAP billing links, which initiates a WAP session with the server, which then obtains the user's MSISDN and charges directly to the user's mobile carrier bill and subscribes to unwanted paid services.[10][2][11]

Xafecopy appears to use technology which bypasses captcha systems.[2] According to Kaspersky Lab, it shares significant coding obtained from other significant malware.[12]

Modified versions of Xafecopy were also identified to have the capability of sending SMS from the device to premium-rate phone numbers, deleting incoming SMS from the mobile network provider, and hiding alerts about balance deduction by reading incoming messages and checking for words like "subscription".[10]

It is also capable of switching a user from WiFi connection to mobile data, as WAP billing works only when the user is connected to a mobile connection.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Xafecopy Trojan might be stealing money through your smartphone". The Mobile Indian. Retrieved 2017-10-20. 
  2. ^ a b c d "New malware in India which steals money through mobile phones: Report – Times of India". Retrieved 10 September 2017. 
  3. ^ "इस मैलवेयर से मोबाइल यूज़र्स को खतरा, इन ऐप से बनाएं दूरी– News18 हिंदी". News18 India. Retrieved 10 September 2017. 
  4. ^ "New malware steals money through mobile phones, 40% targets in India: Report". 10 September 2017. Retrieved 10 September 2017. 
  5. ^ PTI (10 September 2017). "New malware steals users' money through mobile phones: Kaspersky report". Retrieved 10 September 2017. 
  6. ^ "New malware steals users' money through mobile phones: Report". 10 September 2017. Retrieved 10 September 2017 – via The Economic Times. 
  7. ^ "Mobile malwar еби си майката September 2017". 
  8. ^ "xafecopy-trojan-in-india-which-steals-money-through-mobile-phones-mobile-security". Retrieved 10 September 2017. 
  9. ^ "В России обнаружена эпидемия четырех мобильных троянов". Retrieved 10 September 2017. 
  10. ^ a b c Lab, Kaspersky. "Malware exploits WAP subscriptions to steal money". www.kaspersky.com. Retrieved 10 September 2017. 
  11. ^ www.ETTelecom.com. "'Xafecopy' mobile malware detected in 40pct of India; looting victims through WAP billing – ET Telecom". ETTelecom.com. Retrieved 10 September 2017. 
  12. ^ "Xafecopy Trojan, a new malware detected in India; it disguises itself as an app to steals money via mobile phones". Tech2. Retrieved 10 September 2017.