Xanthelasma

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See also: Xanthoma
Xanthelasma
Xanthelasma.jpg
Classification and external resources
Specialty ophthalmology
ICD-10 H02.6
ICD-9-CM 374.51
DiseasesDB 28519
MedlinePlus 001447
eMedicine oph/610
Patient UK Xanthelasma

Xanthelasma (or xanthelasma palpebrarum; pronunciation: /ˌzænθˈlæzmə/) is a sharply demarcated yellowish deposit of fat underneath the skin, usually on or around the eyelids.[1] While they are neither harmful nor painful, these minor growths may be disfiguring and can be removed.[1]

A xanthelasma may instead be referred to as a xanthoma when becoming larger and nodular, assuming tumorous proportions.[2] Still, xanthelasma is often classified simply as a subtype of xanthoma.[3]

Treatment[edit]

Xanthelasmata can be removed with a trichloroacetic acid peel, surgery, lasers or cryotherapy. Removal may cause scarring and pigment changes, but it is an uncommon side-effect of treatment.

Name[edit]

The word is derived from Greek xanthos, ξανθός, "yellow" and έλασμα, elasma, "foil". The plural is xanthelasmata.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Frew, J. W.; Murrell, D. F.; Haber, R. M. (2015). "Fifty shades of yellow: A review of the xanthodermatoses". International Journal of Dermatology. 54 (10): 1109–23. doi:10.1111/ijd.12945. PMID 26227781. 
  2. ^ Shields, Carol; Shields, Jerry (2008). Eyelid, conjunctival and orbital tumors: atlas and textbook. Hagerstwon, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. ISBN 0-7817-7578-7. [page needed]
  3. ^ "xanthelasma". Mosby's Medical Dictionary (8th ed.). 2009. Retrieved November 8, 2012. 

External links[edit]