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Xanthosis is a yellowish discoloration of degenerating tissue chemical tissues, especially seen in malignant neoplasms. Can be differentiated clinically from jaundice as the sclerae are coloured yellow in jaundice, but are not discoloured in xanthosis.[1]

Other uses[edit]

Fruit farming[edit]

Xanthosis, or yellows, is a mid 20th century term for strawberry mild yellow-edge virus, a disease in strawberries, cause by the strawberry aphid. The disease is prevalent throughout the Americas.[2]

Meat industry[edit]

Xanthosis is a brown pigmentation of skeletal and heart muscles of cattle. The condition is particularly seen in older animals, and in some wasting diseases.[3] Prevalent in Ayrshire cattle and their crosses.[4]


It was the championship word used in the 1995 Scripps National Spelling Bee.[5]


  1. ^ Mosby (2013) Mosby's Medical Dictionary (9th Ed.) page 1904 Elsevier Health Sciences ISBN 0323112587 Retrieved February 2015
  2. ^ United States. Department of Agriculture (1942) Farmers' Bulletin, issues 1876-1900, page 10 U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved February 2015
  3. ^ Samuel Jutzi, S. (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) (2004) Good Practices for the Meat Industry page 17 Food & Agriculture Org. ISBN 9251051461 Retrieved February 2015
  4. ^ Collins, D.S. & Huey, R.J. (2015) Gracey's Meat Hygiene page 211 John Wiley & Sons ISBN 1118650026 Retrieved February 2015
  5. ^ List of Scripps National Spelling Bee champions