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Xantusia vigilis1.jpg
Xantusia vigilis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Lacertilia
Family: Xantusiidae
Genus: Xantusia
Baird, 1859[1]

Xantusia is one of three genera of night lizards (family Xantusiidae). Species of Xantusia are small to medium-sized, viviparous (live-bearing) lizards found in the U.S. Southwest and in northern Mexico.

The name and description of the type species and genus were published in 1859, by Spencer Fullerton Baird, the name commemorating the naturalist John Xantus.[1][2]


The following is a list of species in the genus,[1]


  1. ^ a b c Xantusia vigilis at the Reptarium.cz Reptile Database
  2. ^ Beolens B, Watkins M, Grayson M. 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Genus Xantusia, p. 291).

Further reading[edit]

  • Baird SF. 1859. Description of New Genera and Species of North American Lizards in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 10: 253-246. (Xantusia, new genus, p. 255).