Xavier University of Louisiana

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Xavier University of Louisiana
LARGEIMAGE 353343.jpg
Motto Deo Adjuvante Non Timendum
Motto in English
"With God's help there is nothing to fear."
Type Private, HBCU
Established 1925 (1925)
Endowment $161.7 million (2014)[1]
Chairman Michael Rue, Esq.
President Dr. C. Reynold Verret
Provost Dr. Anne McCall, Ph.D.
Students 2,926[2]
Location New Orleans, Louisiana, United States
29°57′55″N 90°06′25″W / 29.965219°N 90.106994°W / 29.965219; -90.106994Coordinates: 29°57′55″N 90°06′25″W / 29.965219°N 90.106994°W / 29.965219; -90.106994
Campus Urban
Colors Gold      and      White
Athletics NAIA Division IGCAC
Sports
  • 9 varsity teams
  • (4 men's & 5 women's)
Nickname Gold Rush / Gold Nuggets
Affiliations ACCU UNCF
Website www.xula.edu
XULA Logo Online.png

Xavier University of Louisiana (XULA), located in the Gert Town section of New Orleans, Louisiana, in the United States, is a private, coeducational, liberal arts college with the distinction of being the only historically black Roman Catholic institution of higher education in the United States.

History[edit]

Located in New Orleans, Xavier University of Louisiana was established in 1915 when Saint Katharine Drexel and the Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament founded the coeducational secondary school from which it evolved. Drexel, supported by the interest of a substantial inheritance from her father, banker-financier Francis Drexel, founded and staffed many institutions throughout the United States in an effort to help educate Native Americans and African Americans.

Aware of the serious lack of Catholic-oriented education available to young Blacks in the South, Katharine Drexel (now Saint Katharine Drexel) came to New Orleans and established a high school on the site previously occupied by Southern University. The high school was in operation until 2013 as Xavier University Preparatory School, also known as Xavier Prep. Today, Saint Katharine Drexel Preparatory School operates from the same location on Magazine Street in New Orleans. A Normal School offering teaching, one of the few career fields open to Blacks at the time, was added two years later. In 1925 Xavier University of Louisiana became a reality when the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences was established. The first degrees were awarded three years later. The College of Pharmacy was opened two years later in 1927.

Edifice of the Administration Building is made of Indiana Limestone

Recognizing the university's need for a separate identity and room to expand, St. Katharine bought a tract of undeveloped land for a campus on the corner of Palmetto and Pine Streets in 1929. Construction of the U-shaped, gothic administration building (now a city landmark) was completed in 1933.

Through the years, as needs dictated, the campus gradually expanded, with the addition of a library—which now houses the Music Department—in 1937, the gymnasium (1937), St. Michael's men's dormitory (1955), the Student Center (1962), women's dormitories: St. Joseph's (1965) and Katharine Drexel (1969), the House of Studies (1967); the College of Pharmacy (1970), the Norman C. Francis Academic/Science Complex (1988), the new Library/Resource Center and College of Pharmacy addition (1993), and Peter Claver women's dormitory (1994). Xavier South, a multi-story office building, was purchased in 1990. The Living Learning Center, a co-ed residence hall for upperclassmen and the Norman C. Francis science complex addition were completed in 1998. A new student center called the University Center was opened in 2003. It replaces the previous Student Center built in 1962, and now houses the bookstore (previously housed at Xavier South) & the post office (previously housed in the Administration building). An additional dormitory for upperclassmen, the Saint Martin Deporres hall was also opened in 2003. The previous Student Center was recently knocked down to make way for the new Qatar Pharmacy Pavilion, which opened in the Fall of 2010. Construction has begun on the St. Katharine Drexel Chapel. The Chapel will replace the current chapel, now housed in the Administration Building, and will fulfill St. Katharine's vision for a freestanding house of worship and meditation on the campus.

In 2014, Xavier had an endowment of approximately $162 million which was the fourth highest of Louisiana's colleges and universities.[3]

The campus of Xavier University of Louisiana is often referred to as "Emerald City" due to the various buildings on campus that have green roofs. These include the Library/Resource center, the Norman C. Francis science addition, the University Center, the Living Learning Center, the Saint Martin Deporres hall and the Katharine Drexel hall.

The Sisters remain a vital presence on campus today, providing much-needed staffing and some financial assistance, but today Xavier is governed by a multicultural Board of Trustees. In 1987, Pope John Paul II addressed the presidents of all U.S. Catholic colleges from the courtyard at the administration building at Xavier. Xavier's President Emeritus, Dr. Norman C. Francis, himself a Xavier graduate, is a nationally-recognized leader in higher education.

United States Civil Rights Movement[edit]

In May 1961, the civil rights activist group known as the Freedom Riders arrived in New Orleans by plane after bus drivers in Alabama refused to take them to Montgomery, AL. Locals, aware of the fire bombings and other attacks that had befallen the group, refused to accommodate them with lodging out of fear of retaliatory violence. Xavier President Emeritus Norman C. Francis, at the time the University's Men's Dean, secretly arranged for the group to stay several days in a dormitory on campus. Francis received permission from University President Sister Mary Josephina to allow the group to occupy space on the third floor of St. Michael's Hall under the condition that the press would not be alerted as to the move. Historic St. Michael's Hall, on Pine Street on Xavier's campus, still accommodates male students in traditional dormitory rooms.

Hurricane Katrina[edit]

Hurricane Katrina made landfall in August 2005, striking the New Orleans area. Xavier, located in the lower-lying Gert Town section and adjacent to the Washington-Palmetto Canal,[4] suffered damage to almost every structure on campus. Many buildings sat partially submerged for extended periods of time following the hurricane. Dr. Norman C. Francis, President of the University, organized boats and buses to transport stranded faculty, staff and students from the campus to safe areas.[5] Students began returning to the university in January 2006.[6]

In April 2006, the nation of Qatar donated $17.5 million to assist the university in hurricane recovery and expanding the school's College of Pharmacy.[7] The groundbreaking ceremony in 2008 was attended by Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani, leader of Qatar and on 15 October 2010, the school's Qatar Pharmacy Pavilion opened, adding 60,000 square feet (5,600 m2) adjacent to the existing College of Pharmacy building.

President Barack Obama visited New Orleans in August 2010 to commemorate the fifth anniversary of Hurricane Katrina. He gave his address from Xavier, complimenting the work of the leaders of the community and affirming the commitment to continue to aid in the re-building of the area.[8] In 2006, the university bestowed an Honorary Degree on then-Senator Obama.

For the combined efforts of the students, Xavier University received the "Katrina Compassion Award" from the United States Corporation for National and Community Service in 2006.[9]

Demographics[edit]

Xavier is Catholic and historically black. However, its doors have always been open to qualified students of every race and creed. Today 25.1 percent of its students are not African-American and 74.3 percent are not Catholic.

More than half (58.2%) of Xavier students are from Louisiana – primarily from the New Orleans area. Non-local enrollment continues to increase with students coming from at least 40 other states – most notably Texas (7.5%) and Georgia (4.9%). Five foreign countries are represented on campus. Student life is enriched by the social and cultural setting of New Orleans and by campus activities designed to enhance personal growth, interpersonal skills, and leadership in such areas as community service, the environment, cultural concerns, and social justice.

Administration[edit]

University President[edit]

President Verret

Dr. C. Reynold Verret is Xavier University of Louisiana's sixth president. He assumed his position as the university's leader during the Summer of 2015 and was officially inaugurated in the University's Academic Convocation Center on February 26, 2016.

President Emeritus[edit]

Norman Francis, President Emeritus

Dr. Norman C. Francis is President Emeritus of Xavier University of Louisiana.[citation needed] At the time of his retirement from the Office of University President, Dr. Francis was the longest-serving university president in the United States. Dr. Francis led the University from 1968 until 2015.

Academics[edit]

College of Arts and Sciences[edit]

Academic Divisions[edit]

  • Biological and Public Health Sciences
  • Business
  • Education and Counseling
  • Fine Arts and Humanities
  • Mathematical and Physical Sciences
  • Social and Behavioral Sciences

College of Pharmacy[edit]

Academic Divisions[edit]

  • Division of Basic Pharmaceutical Sciences
  • Division of Clinical and Administrative Sciences

Notability for Pre-med and Science Programs[edit]

University rankings
Liberal arts colleges
U.S. News & World Report[10] 178
Washington Monthly[11] 28

A premier university for educating African-American students in the sciences, Xavier is consistently a national leader in placing African American students into medical school as well as first in awarding African-Americans baccalaureate degrees in the physical sciences and biological sciences.[12][13] The College of Pharmacy is one of just two pharmacy schools in Louisiana.[14] XULA ranks among the top three colleges in the nation in graduating African Americans with Pharm.D. degrees.[15] In 2015, the New York Times Magazine praised the university for being a top producer of African-American physicians.[16]

Campus Life[edit]

Athletics[edit]

Xavier's athletics teams are nicknamed Gold Rush for men's teams and Gold Nuggets for women's teams. The university is a member of the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA), competing in the Gulf Coast Athletic Conference (GCAC). Men's sports include basketball, cross country, tennis and track & field; while women's sports include basketball, cross country, tennis, track & field and volleyball.

Xavier's basketball and volleyball teams compete on campus in their new facility, the Xavier University Convocation Academic Center. The Convocation Center is a $25 million facility with a seating capacity of 4,500.

The website for the XULA Athletics Department is www.xulagold.com.

Campus Infrastructure[edit]

  • Administration Building (1933)
  • Old Library (1937)
  • Saint Michael's Hall (1955)
  • Saint Joseph's Hall (1969)
  • Saint Katharine Drexel Hall (1969)
  • College of Pharmacy (1970)
  • Norman C. Francis Academic/Science Complex with Addition (1988 and 1998)
  • Xavier South (1990)
  • Library/Resource Center and College of Pharmacy Addition (1993)
  • The Living Learning Center (1998)
  • University Center (2003)
  • Qatar Pharmacy Pavillion (2010)
  • Convocation Academic Center (2012)
  • Saint Martin Deporres Hall (2003)
  • Saint Katharine Drexel Chapel (2012)
  • Fitness Center (2015)

Student Organizations[edit]

  • Student Government Association
  • Student Advisory Board
  • Student Life Council
  • Pharmacy Student Association
  • Panhellenic Council
  • Residence Hall Association
  • Commuter/Off-Campus Student Network
  • Academic/Departmental Clubs
  • Honor Societies
  • Professional Greek Organizations
  • Social Greek Organizations
  • Special Interest Organizations
  • Intercollegiate Athletics
  • Performing Groups

Notable alumni[edit]

In addition to former president, Dr. Norman C. Francis, Xavier University distinguished alumni include:

Name Class year Notability Reference(s)
Nathaniel Clifton 1946 First African American to sign a contract with an NBA team and stick with a team; member of the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. Attended but did not graduate; left to join the Army during World War II.
Alvin J. Boutte 1951 The founder and CEO of Indecorp, the largest Black-owned financial institution in the U.S. Also serves as chair and CEO of the Independence Bank and the Drexel National Bank in Chicago.[17]
Ernest Nathan Morial 1951 First African-American mayor of New Orleans. He was the father of former New Orleans mayor and current head of National Urban League Marc Morial.
Bernard P. Randolph 1954 retired, USAF General; Only the third African-American to reach the rank of four-star general in any branch of the U.S. Armed Forces, serving as head of the USAF Space and Defense Systems Command. Now an executive with the defense contractor TRW Corporation.
John Stroger 1953 first African-American president of the Cook County, Illinois Board of Commissioners.)
Marino Casem 1956 former head football Coach at Alabama State University, Alcorn State University, and Southern University. He is a member of College Football Hall of Fame.
Louis Castenell 1968 Dean of the University of Cincinnati's College of Education. Has been heralded in such national publications as the New York Times and the Washington Post for his innovative teacher education programs.[18]
Marie McDemmond 1968 First female president at Norfolk State University (enrollment 8,400). A 25-year veteran in higher education, she previously served as vice president for finance and chief operating officer at Florida Atlantic University.
Dr. Gilbert Rochon 1968 6th President of Tuskegee University
Alexis Herman 1969 First African American U.S. Secretary of Labor; former director of the White House office of Public Liaison.
Ivan L. R. Lemelle 1971 Judge; Currently serving his second consecutive, eight-year term as U.S. Magistrate Judge, U.S. District Court in New Orleans.
Dr. Regina Benjamin 1979 Former United States Surgeon General; First physician under the age of 40 and First AA woman named to the American Medical Association's Board of Trustees; Former president - Alabama State Medical Association; Recipient of MacArthur Genius Award.
Todd Stroger 1985 Elected Cook County Board President in 2006, succeeding his father, John Stroger.
Stephen W. Rochon 1984 Director of the Executive Residence and Chief Usher at the White House and was Rear Admiral of the Coast Guard.
Gary Carter, Jr. c. 1996 Member of the Louisiana House of Representatives for the Algiers neighborhood of New Orleans, effective 2016
Jared Brossett c. 2004 Member of the New Orleans City Council for District D since 2014; member of the Louisiana House of Representatives for District 97 in Orleans Parish, 2009-2014.
Candice Stewart 2006 First African American Miss Louisiana USA, she was also Miss Louisiana Teen USA, and a NFL cheerleader for the New Orleans Saints & Houston Texans.

Notable faculty and staff[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/best-colleges/xavier-louisiana-2032
  2. ^ "Xavier Quick Facts 2014". xula.edu. University Media Relations. Archived from the original on February 23, 2015. Retrieved 31 January 2015. 
  3. ^ http://colleges.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com/best-colleges/xavier-louisiana-2032
  4. ^ Pope, John. "Xavier University being transformed by influx of money following Hurricane Katrina". Retrieved 11 August 2012. 
  5. ^ Clark, Kim. "Norman Francis: Xavier's President Led Through Hurricane Katrina". USA News. Retrieved 11 August 2012. 
  6. ^ Block, Melissa. "Students Return to Louisiana's Xavier University". NPR. Retrieved 11 August 2012. 
  7. ^ Strom, Stephanie. "Qatar Grants Millions in Aid to New Orleans". New York Times. Retrieved 11 August 2012. 
  8. ^ "Remarks by the President on the Fifth Anniversary of Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans, Louisiana". The White House. Retrieved 11 August 2012. 
  9. ^ "Katrina Compassion Awards". Corporation for National & Community Service. Archived from the original on September 16, 2012. Retrieved 11 August 2012. 
  10. ^ "Liberal Arts Colleges Rankings". America's Best Colleges 2016. U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved January 31, 2016. 
  11. ^ "College Guide Rankings 2015 – Liberal Arts Colleges". Washington Monthly. Retrieved June 11, 2016. 
  12. ^ Pope, John. "Xavier leads the nation in African-American medical graduates". Times-Picayune. Retrieved 11 August 2012. 
  13. ^ A Prescription for More Black Doctors: How does tiny Xavier University in New Orleans manage to send more African-American students to medical school than any other college in the country? New York Times Retrieved September 10, 2015.
  14. ^ University of Louisiana at Monroe (ULM) also offers the Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.) degree, but, unlike XULA, ULM is under public control and in the northern part of Louisiana.
  15. ^ "College of Pharmacy General Information". Archived from the original on September 2, 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-03. 
  16. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/13/magazine/a-prescription-for-more-black-doctors.html?_r=0
  17. ^ "Alvin J. Boutte, Sr.". The HistoryMakers. Retrieved May 5, 2016. 
  18. ^ "Louis Anthony Castenell". The University of Georgia College of Education. Retrieved May 2016.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  19. ^ "Edward S. Bopp". bopplawfirm.com. Retrieved June 28, 2015. 
  20. ^ "NBA pioneer Harold Hunter, an ex-Xavier coach, died Thursday". Times-Picayune. 2013-03-07. Retrieved 2013-03-30. 

External links[edit]