Xbox "Duke" Controller (primary controller from 2001-2002)
|Type||Video game controller|
|Generation||Sixth generation era|
Xbox controller port
|Successor||Xbox 360 Controller|
The Xbox Controller was the primary controller for Microsoft's Xbox console and was introduced at the Game Developers Conference in 2000. The standard Xbox controller (nicknamed the "Duke") was originally the controller bundled with Xbox systems for all territories except Japan. The "Controller S" was the standard controller in Japan, and was later released in other territories by popular demand and by 2002 replaced the standard controller in the Xbox's retail package, with the larger original controller remaining available as an accessory.
Neither the original Xbox controller or Controller S are compatible with the Xbox 360, and the Xbox 360 controller is not compatible with an original Xbox. However, it can be done using third-party adapters.
The Xbox controller featured dual vibration motors, two analog sticks, a pressure-sensitive directional pad, two analog triggers, a Back button, a Start button, two accessory slots and six 8-bit analog action buttons (A/Green, B/Red, X/Blue, Y/Yellow, and Black and White buttons). The standard Xbox controller (originally nicknamed the "Fatty" and later the "Duke") was originally the controller bundled with Xbox systems for all territories except Japan. The controller has been criticized for being bulky compared to other video game controllers; it was awarded "Blunder of the Year" by Game Informer in 2001, a Guinness World Record for the biggest controller in Guinness World Records Gamer's Edition 2008, and was ranked the second worst video game controller ever by IGN editor Craig Harris.
The "Controller S" (codenamed "Akebono"), a smaller, lighter Xbox controller, was originally the standard Xbox controller only in Japan, designed for users with smaller hands. The "Controller S" was later released in other territories by popular demand and in 2002 replaced the standard controller in the US Xbox's retail package, and Europe in 2003, with the larger original controller remaining available as an accessory.
A reproduction of the controller will be sold during Holiday 2017 for the Xbox One and Windows 10 PCs, retaining its original size but replacing the Back/Start buttons with the Options/Menu buttons from the Xbox One controller and adding left/right bumpers as well as a logo display screen.
An 8 MB removable solid state memory card can be plugged into the controllers, onto which game saves can either be copied from the hard drive when in the Xbox dashboard's memory manager or saved during a game. Most Xbox game saves can be copied to the memory unit and moved to another console but some Xbox saves are digitally signed; each console has a unique signing key, and some games (e.g. Ninja Gaiden and Dead or Alive Xtreme Beach Volleyball) will not load saved games signed by a different Xbox, limiting the utility of the memory card. Some game saves can be tagged as uncopyable or simply padded to over 8 MB (Star Wars: Knights of the Old Republic). The signing mechanism has been reverse-engineered by the Xbox hacking community, who have developed tools to modify savegames to work in a different console, though the signing key of the recipient Xbox (the "HDkey") and the ramped-up title key of the game (the "authkey") must be known. It is also possible to save an Xbox Live account on a memory unit, to simplify its use on more than one Xbox.
- "Inside Xbox 360 Controller".
- "Xbox 360 Wireless Controller Tour". IGN. 2005-05-13. Retrieved 2011-07-02.
the original "Fatty" Xbox controller didn't have a specific public name
- "Xbox's original beast of a controller making a comeback?". CNET. 2005-06-15. Retrieved 2011-10-16.
Anyone who purchased the original Xbox during its launch window quickly came to know its behemoth of a controller, now nicknamed "Duke".
- "Microsoft - Timeline Photos". Microsoft. 2014-05-13. Retrieved 2014-05-14.
Hi, I’m Amy Stevenson, the official Microsoft archivist. Need a CD-ROM of 500 Nations? An ActiMates doll? An old Duke controller from the original Xbox? I've got 'em all, right here in these boxes. Explore the Microsoft Archives here.
- Games of 2001. Game Informer (January 2002, pg. 48).
- "Top 10 Tuesday: Worst Game Controllers". IGN. 2006-02-21. Retrieved 2009-08-07.
- Ninja Beach Party. Official Xbox Magazine (October 2002, issue 11, pg. 44).
- Christopher Buecheler (2008-06-24). "GameSpy.com - Hardware: Xbox Controller S". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on 2008-06-24. Retrieved 2010-11-11.
- "Xbox Retrospective: All-Time Top Xbox News". Gamer 2.0. Archived from the original on May 3, 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-11.
- Sam Parker (2002-10-14). "New Xbox bundle with Sega games". GameSpot. Archived from the original on April 13, 2014. Retrieved 2014-02-06.
- Sam Parker (2003-04-23). "Controller S becomes Euro Xbox standard". GameSpot. Archived from the original on April 13, 2014. Retrieved 2014-02-06.
- Tach, Dave (June 11, 2017). "The ham sandwich-sized original Xbox controller is coming back for Christmas". Polygon. Vox Media. Retrieved June 12, 2017.