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Jebero (Chebero, Xebero, Xihuila) is an indigenous American language spoken by the Jebero people of Peru. It is spoken by only a small number of older adults and belongs to the Cahuapanan family together with Chayahuita.
- /i/ varies between close front unrounded [i], near-close front unrounded [i̞] and close-mid front unrounded [e].
- /u/ varies between near-close near-front rounded [ʊ] and close-mid back weakly rounded [o̜], with the latter realization being the most usual.
- /ɘ/ varies between mid near-front unrounded [ɛ̽] and close-mid central unrounded [ɘ].
- /a/ varies between open central unrounded [ä] and near-open retracted front [æ̠]. The vowel chart in Valenzuela & Gussenhoven (2013) puts /a/ in the near-open central position [ɐ].
- /m, p/ are bilabial, whereas /w/ is labialized velar.
- /tʃ/ is an affricate, rather than a plosive. It has nevertheless been placed in the table in that manner to save space.
- /n, t, ð, l/ are laminal denti-alveolar [n̪, t̪, ð̪, l̪].
- In the syllable coda, /n/ is realized with a wider contact, maximally dentoalveolo-velar [n̪͡ŋ].
- After /u, a/, the denti-alveolar contact is often not made, which makes /n/ sound more like a velar nasal [ŋ].
- /ð/ may sometimes sound as if it were a lateral consonant, but it is never realized as lateral.
- /ɲ, ʎ/ are dentoalveolo-palatal [ɲ̪, ʎ̪].
- /h/ occurs only in the affirmative interjection [ahã].
- /r/ is realized as a flap [ɾ] in the syllable onset and as a trill [r] in the syllable coda.
- /ˀr/ is a glottalized flap [ˀɾ]. Intervocalically, it is reaized as a sequence [ɾʔ].
- Jebero at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Jebero". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Valenzuela & Gussenhoven (2013), p. 101.
- Valenzuela & Gussenhoven (2013), p. 98.
- Valenzuela & Gussenhoven (2013), p. 100.
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