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Collared wrigglers
Allomicrodesmus dorotheae.jpg
Allomicrodesmus dorotheae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Suborder: Gobioidei
Family: Xenisthmidae

Collared wrigglers are perciform fishes in the family Xenisthmidae. They are native to the Indian and Pacific Oceans, where they are mostly reef-dwelling.


The 10 species in 7 genera are:

  • Genus Allomicrodesmus Schultz, 1966
  • Genus Gymnoxenisthmus Gill, Bogorodsky & Mal, 2014 [2]
  • Genus Kraemericus
  • Genus Paraxenisthmus Gill & Hoese, 1993
  • Genus Rotuma Springer, 1988
  • Genus Tyson Springer, 1983


  1. ^ Schultz, L.P. (1966). Schultz, L.P.; Woods, L.P.; Lachner, E.A., eds. Order Percomorphida. Suborder Gobiina. Superfamily Gobioidea. (Print). In Fishes of the Marshall and Marianas Islands. 3. Families Kraemeridae through Antennariidae. United States: United States National Museum Bulletin. pp. 1–176. 
  2. ^ a b Gill, A.C., Bogorodsky, S.V. & Mal, A.O. (2014). "Gymnoxenisthmus tigrellus, new genus and species of gobioid fish from the Red Sea (Gobioidei: Xenisthmidae)" (PDF). Zootaxa, 3755 (5): 491–495. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3755.5.9. 
  3. ^ Gill, Anthony C.; Hoese, Douglass F. (1993). "Paraxenisthmus springeri, New Genus and Species of Gobioid Fish from the West Pacific, and Its Phylogenetic Position within the Xenisthmidae". Copeia 1993 (4): 1049–1057. doi:10.2307/1447083. 
  4. ^ Springer, V.G. (1988). "Rotuma lewisi, new genus and species of fish from the southwest Pacific (Gobioidei, Xenisthmidae)". Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington (Biological Society of Washington) 101 (3): 530–539. 
  5. ^ Springer, V.G. (1983). "Tyson belos, New Genus and Species of Western Pacific Fish (Gobiidae, Xenisthminae) : With Discussions of Gobioid Osteology and Classification" (PDF). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, (Smithsonian Institution Press) 390: 1–40. doi:10.5479/si.00810282.390. Retrieved 26 October 2012. 
  6. ^ Smith, J.L.B. (1958). "The fishes of the family Eleotridae in the western Indian Ocean". Ichthyological Bulletin of the J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology (J.L.B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology) 11: 137–163. 
  7. ^ Gill, Anthony C.; Randall, J.E. (1994). "Xenisthmus balius, a new species of fish from the Persian Gulf (Gobioidei: Xenisthmidae)". Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington (Biological Society of Washington) 107 (3): 445–450. 
  8. ^ a b c Gill, Anthony C.; Hoese, Douglass F. (2004). "Three New Australian Species of the Fish Genus Xenisthmus (Gobioidei: Xenisthmidae)" (PDF). Records of the Australian Museum (The Australian Museum) 56: 241–246. doi:10.3853/j.0067-1975.56.2004.1428. ISSN 0067-1975. Retrieved 26 October 2012. 
  9. ^ Jordan, D.S.; Seale, A. (1994). "he fishes of Samoa. Description of the species found in the archipelago, with a provisional check-list of the fishes of Oceania". Bulletin of the Bureau of Fisheries 25.