Xenon (nightclub)

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Xenon was a popular New York City discotheque and nightclub in the late 1970s and early 1980s. It was located in the former Henry Miller's Theatre at 124 West 43rd Street (now the site of the Stephen Sondheim Theatre) which, prior to Xenon, had been renamed Avon-at-the-Hudson and was operating as a porn house.


Xenon was founded in June 1978 by Howard Stein and Peppo Vanini.[1] Stein had been a promoter who had brought rockers such as The Who, David Bowie, Rod Stewart, and the Rolling Stones to New York City. Vanini ran some of the greatest clubs in Europe including Regines. He and Peppo Vanini had met at Studio 54. (Xenon is chemical element 54.) Madelyn Fudeman was the publicity person.[2]


Xenon was regarded as much more of a "Fashion Crowd", while Studio 54 was more Hollywood. Still, many celebrities such as Andy Warhol, Halston, Michael Jackson, Jack Nicholson, Mick Jagger and Jerry Hall, Tom Cruise, Richard Avedon, Cher, O. J. Simpson, Christopher Reeve, Elton John, Roger Moore, John McEnroe, Tony Curtis, Brooke Shields, Freddie Mercury, David Kennedy, John F. Kennedy Jr. and Robin Williams frequented the club.[2] According to event photographer Bill Bernstein, "Xenon was the only nightclub [in New York City] popular enough to compete with Studio 54 and was popular with the straighter, white, upwardly mobile crowd."[3]

The walls were silver and rays of light came out from a giant "X" above the dance floor. People at Xenon often liked to dance with less clothes than people at Studio 54, sometimes wearing swimsuits while dancing. Xenon was the first night club to provide go-go boxes for amateur go-go dancers to dance on.[4] This got many people interested in go-go dancing. Xenon was featured in a Life magazine article about disco. The full-time Disc-Jockey (DJ) was Tony Smith and the part-time DJs were Louis Martinez and John "Jellybean" Benitez, who later had an affair with Madonna.


Xenon closed in 1984. The interior of the theater was razed in the 2000s to make way for the Bank of America Tower; its neo-Georgian facade remains intact, having been protected by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission in 1987. The 1,055-seat Stephen Sondheim Theater was built behind the facade and below ground to replace the original theater space,[5] making it one of two subterranean houses on Broadway.[6]

In popular culture[edit]


  1. ^ "Xenon and the strange journey of a Broadway theater: Noel Coward, Fellini, porn, disco, 'Cabaret', Dame Edna". Bowery Boys. 2010-07-16. Retrieved 27 July 2020.
  2. ^ a b Miezitis, Vida Night Dancin' New York:1980 Ballantine (Photography by Bill Bernstein) "Xenon" Pages 22-40--Has numerous photos of Xenon.
  3. ^ Bernstein, Bill (15 October 2015). Disco: The Bill Bernstein Photographs. Reel Art Press. ISBN 978-1909526228.
  4. ^ Anthony Haden-Guest The Last Party: Studio 54, Disco, and the Culture of the Night New York:1997 William Morrow Co. See numerous references to Xenon in the index
  5. ^ "Bank of America Tower achieves LEED Platinum: Tishman plays key role". New York Real Estate Journals. September 27, 2010. Archived from the original on September 12, 2021. Retrieved September 12, 2021.
  6. ^ "Simply New York: Secrets of the Stephen Sondheim Theatre". ABC7 New York. January 1, 2018. Archived from the original on September 17, 2021. Retrieved September 17, 2021.
  7. ^ The Million Sellers. Omnibus Press. 2013. ISBN 9780857128829 – via Google Books.

Coordinates: 40°45′21″N 73°59′06″W / 40.7559°N 73.9850°W / 40.7559; -73.9850