Xhosa calendar

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The following is a list of timekeeping terminology in the Xhosa language.

Month names[edit]

Traditional[edit]

The traditional names for months come from names of plants or flowers that grow or seasonal changes that happen at a given time of year. They are:

  • January – EyoMqungu (month of the Tambuki Grass)
  • February – EyoMdumba (month of the swelling grain)
  • March – EyoKwindla (month of the first fruits)
  • April – UTshazimpuzi (month of the withering pumpkins)
  • May – UCanzibe (month of Canopus)
  • June - Isilimela (month of the Pleiades)
  • July – EyeKhala / EyeNtlaba (month of the aloes)
  • August – EyeThupha (month of the buds)
  • September – EyoMsintsi (month of the coast coral tree)
  • October – EyeDwarha (month of the lilypad)
  • November – EyeNkanga (month of the small yellow daisies)
  • December - EyoMnga (month of the Acacia tree)

Gregorian months[edit]

The modern names for the months are borrowed from the English equivalents:

  • January - uJanuwari
  • February - uFebhuwari
  • March - uMatshi
  • April - uApreli
  • May - uMeyi
  • June - uJuni
  • July - uJulayi
  • August - uAgasti
  • September - uSeptemba
  • October - uOktobha
  • November - uNovemba
  • December - uDisemba

Days of the week[edit]

  • Sunday - iCawe
  • Monday - uMvulo
  • Tuesday - uLwesibini
  • Wednesday - uLwesithathu
  • Thursday - uLwesine
  • Friday - uLwesihlanu
  • Saturday - uMgqibelo

Seasons[edit]

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Kirsch et al., Clicking with Xhosa, David Phillip Publishers, Cape Town, 2001, p. 43f.