Xi'an Metro

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Xi'an Metro
Xian Metro logo.svg
OwnerXi'an Municipal People's Government
Transit typeRapid transit
Number of lines3
Number of stations66
Daily ridership1.67 million (2017 average)[1]
1,490,600 (2016 record)[2]
Annual ridership605.3 million (2017)[1]
Began operation16 September 2011
Operator(s)Xi'an Municipal People's Government Subway Construction
System length91 km (57 mi)
Track gauge1435 mm (standard gauge)
Average speed30 km/h (19 mph)
Top speed80 km/h (50 mph)
System map

Xi'an Metro System Map.png

Xi'an Metro
Traditional Chinese西安地鐵
Simplified Chinese西安地铁

The Xi'an Metro, also known as Xi'an Subway, is a metro system in the city of Xi'an, the capital of Shaanxi province in China.

Xi'an Metro has three lines in operation. Line 2 opened to the public on September 16, 2011.[3] Line 1 began operation on September 15, 2013. Line 3 started after months of delay on November 8, 2016.


Xi'an began its metro system plan in the mid-1980s. The plan was first submitted to the State Council in 1994, with four planned lines and a total length of 73.2 km (45.5 mi). In February 2004, the re-drafted plan was submitted to the State Government, which received final approval on September 13, 2006.

The first line, Line 2, began construction along Chang An street on 29 September 2006 and was completed in 2011. It runs north-south and passes under such historic sites as the Bell Tower and city wall. It is 26.6 km (17 mi) long with 23.5 km (15 mi) lying underground, approximately 20 meters below the surface. It is estimated to have cost 17.9 billion yuan (US$2.24 billion).[4] The route stretches from the Bei Kezhan to Weiqunan with 20 stops. The travel time is 39 minutes for the entire length, cutting the commute almost in half. Operations began on 28 September 2011.[5]

Four other routes were planned to start construction in 2011 and to be finished by around 2020. When completed, the system will span 251.8 km (156.5 mi) and will mainly service the urban and suburban districts of Xi'an and part of Xianyang.[6]

Lines in operation[edit]

Line Terminals
Commencement Newest
 1  Houweizhai
2013 25.4 19
 2  Bei Kezhan
2011 2014 26.5 21
 3  Yuhuazhai
2016 39.1 26
Total 91 66

Line 1[edit]

The second route, Line 1, was scheduled to start in late 2009 but was brought one year earlier as per Chinese government's response to the financial crisis of 2007–2010. Line 1 opened on 15 September 2013. The route runs from east to west.

To accelerate the speed of overall economic development between Xi'an and Xianyang cities, the Transportation Department of Xi'an decided to extend Line 1 to promote business travel between the two cities, as well as improve the efficiency of land use alongside Line 1. The preparation phase for the extension Line 1 started with the compilation of a feasibility study on November 4, 2007.

Line 2[edit]

Line 2 opened on 16 September 2011. This line is 26.5 km (16 mi) long with 21 stations.[7]

Line 3[edit]

Construction of Xi'an Metro's Line 3 broke ground in May 2011,[8] began public trial testing on September 20, 2016, and was opened at November 8, 2016. The line is currently 39.1 km (24.3 mi) long with 26 stations. When Phase 2 (still under construction) opens, the line will be 50.5 km (31.4 mi) long and with 31 stations.

Lines under construction[edit]

Yongningmen Station
Construction since
Planned operation time
in km
  Line 4
Phase I (Except Huochezhan station) Bei Kezhan (Bei Guangchang) Hangtian Xincheng 2011 Winter 2018[9] 35.2 29
  Line 1
Phase II Fenghe Senlin Gongyuan Houweizhai 2015 2019[10] 6.1 4
  Line 5
Phase I Fangzhicheng Huochezhan Hepingcun 2016 2020[11] 25.1 19
  Line 6
Phase I Nan Kezhan Laodong Nanlu 2016 2021[12] 20.1 15
  Line 6
Phase II Laodong Nanlu Fangzhicheng 2017 2021 19.8 16
  Line 9
(Lintong Line)
Test Section Fangzhicheng Qinhan Dadao 2014[13] 25 15

Line 4[edit]

Construction of test section of Line 4 of Xi'an Metro started in late 2012, and the entirety of Line 4 is planned to start service in late 2017 or 2018.[14]

Lines under planning[edit]

There will be 17 metro lines in Xi'an before 2030.[15]


Construction work on Line 2 (2009)

Other metro lines, including Line 4, Line 5, and Line 6 will start construction after 2020, according to the plan.


On 2 August 2009, 9:20am, a cave-in at the Sajinqiao section of Line 1 trapped migrant workers under 10 cubic meters of earth for over three hours, hospitalizing at least two who later died at the hospital.

On 26 May 2009, an individual suffered minor injuries from a fire during infrastructure work on Line 1.

On 30 December 2008, a fire occurred that was extinguished within an hour; all workers evacuated safely. Just 66 hours later, on 2 January, another fire occurred at another station on Line 2.[16]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "2017年统计报告". 中国城市轨道交通协会. 2018-04-19. Retrieved 2018-04-28.
  2. ^ 高乐 (2016-10-01). "149.06万!西安地铁客流刷新开通来历史最高" (in Chinese). 西安新闻网. Retrieved 2016-10-02.
  3. ^ 西安地铁二号线开通 西安迈入"地铁时代" [Xi'an Metro line brings Xi'an into the "metro era"]. China National Radio (in Chinese). Beijing. September 16, 2006.
  4. ^ "Xi'an: Ancient City Gets Own Metro System". China.org.cn. September 29, 2006.
  5. ^ "Xi'an Subway Line 2 to begin trial runs on September 28". Global Times. June 29, 2011. Archived from the original on October 16, 2012.
  6. ^ "Xian: the Building of Subway to Start This Year". Travel China Guide. September 14, 2006. Archived from the original on January 3, 2014.
  7. ^ 市政府召开西安地铁开通试运营新闻发布会. 2011-09-16. Archived from the original on November 14, 2011. Retrieved 2012-10-03.
  8. ^ "Xi'an Subway Line 3 Breaks New Ground". eChinacities.com. May 19, 2011.[dead link]
  9. ^ 西安地铁四号线昨开始盾构 从南到北共设29站 新浪陕西
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ "西安地铁五号线TJSG-2标和平村站第一家开钻_中铁二十局集团第五工程有限公司". www.cr20g05.com. Retrieved 2016-12-25.
  12. ^ "西安地铁六号线开工 计划2020年通车_图片_新华网陕西频道". www.sn.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 2016-12-26.
  13. ^ 临潼市域快轨试验段今起围挡施工 主体2015年建成 西安新闻网
  14. ^ "西安地铁4号线获批建设 与2号线构成南北向客流"双走廊"". wmxa.cn. May 6, 2014.
  15. ^ "Xian Metro Planning Map". Retrieved 2014-10-07.
  16. ^ "Subway Collapse Kills Two in Xi'an". CRIENGLISH.com. China Radio International. August 3, 2009.

External links[edit]