|Owner||Xi'an Municipal People's Government|
|Transit type||Rapid transit|
|Number of lines||3|
|Number of stations||66|
1.67 million (2017 average) |
1,490,600 (2016 record)
|Annual ridership||605.3 million (2017)|
|Began operation||16 September 2011|
|Operator(s)||Xi'an Municipal People's Government Subway Construction|
|System length||91 km (57 mi)|
|Track gauge||1435 mm (standard gauge)|
|Average speed||30 km/h (19 mph)|
|Top speed||80 km/h (50 mph)|
Xi'an Metro has three lines in operation. Line 2 opened to the public on September 16, 2011. Line 1 began operation on September 15, 2013. Line 3 started after months of delay on November 8, 2016.
Xi'an began its metro system plan in the mid-1980s. The plan was first submitted to the State Council in 1994, with four planned lines and a total length of 73.2 km (45.5 mi). In February 2004, the re-drafted plan was submitted to the State Government, which received final approval on September 13, 2006.
The first line, Line 2, began construction along Chang An street on 29 September 2006 and was completed in 2011. It runs north-south and passes under such historic sites as the Bell Tower and city wall. It is 26.6 km (17 mi) long with 23.5 km (15 mi) lying underground, approximately 20 meters below the surface. It is estimated to have cost 17.9 billion yuan (US$2.24 billion). The route stretches from the Xi'an North Railway Station to Weiqu South with 20 stops. The travel time is 39 minutes for the entire length, cutting the commute almost in half. Operations began on 28 September 2011.
Four other routes were planned to start construction in 2011 and to be finished by around 2020. When completed, the system will span 251.8 km (156.5 mi) and will mainly service the urban and suburban districts of Xi'an and part of Xianyang.
Lines in operation
|Xi'an North Railway Station
The second route, Line 1, was scheduled to start in late 2009 but was brought one year earlier as per Chinese government's response to the financial crisis of 2007–2010. Line 1 opened on 15 September 2013. The route runs from east to west.
To accelerate the speed of overall economic development between Xi'an and Xianyang cities, the Transportation Department of Xi'an decided to extend Line 1 to promote business travel between the two cities, as well as improve the efficiency of land use alongside Line 1. The preparation phase for the extension Line 1 started with the compilation of a feasibility study on November 4, 2007.
Line 2 opened on 16 September 2011. This line is 26.5 km (16 mi) long with 21 stations.
Construction of Xi'an Metro's Line 3 broke ground in May 2011, began public trial testing on September 20, 2016, and was opened at November 8, 2016. The line is currently 39.1 km (24.3 mi) long with 26 stations. When Phase 2 (still under construction) opens, the line will be 50.5 km (31.4 mi) long and with 31 stations.
Lines under construction
|Phase I (Except Xi'an Railway Station)||Xi'an North Railway Station||Hangtian New City||2011||Winter 2018||35.2||29|
|Phase II||Fenghe Forest Park||Houweizhai||2015||2019||6.1||4|
|Phase I||Fangzhicheng Railway Station||Hepingcun||2016||2020||25.1||19|
|Phase I||Xi'an South Railway Station||Laodong South Road||2016||2021||20.1||15|
|Phase II||Laodong South Road||Fangzhicheng||2017||2021||19.8||16|
|Lintong Line||Test Section||Fangzhicheng Railway Station||Qinhan Avenue||2014||25||15|
Construction of test section of Line 4 of Xi'an Metro started in late 2012, and the entirety of Line 4 is planned to start service in late 2017 or 2018.
Lines under planning
There will be 17 metro lines in Xi'an before 2030.
Other metro lines, including Line 4, Line 5, and Line 6 will start construction after 2020, according to the plan.
On 2 August 2009, 9:20am, a cave-in at the Sajinqiao section of Line 1 trapped migrant workers under 10 cubic meters of earth for over three hours, killing at least two who later died in the hospital.
On 26 May 2009, an individual suffered minor injuries from a fire during infrastructure work on Line 1.
On 30 December 2008, a fire occurred that was extinguished within an hour; all workers evacuated safely. Just 66 hours later, on 2 January, another fire occurred at another station on Line 2.
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