Xi'an Metro

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Xi'an Metro
Xian Metro logo.svg
Overview
Owner Xi'an Municipal People's Government
Locale Xi'an
Transit type Rapid transit
Number of lines 3
Number of stations 66
Daily ridership 849,000 (2015 average)[1]
1,490,600 (2016 record)[2]
Annual ridership 59 million (2012)[1]
Operation
Began operation 16 September 2011
Operator(s) Xi'an Municipal People's Government Subway Construction
Technical
System length 91 km (57 mi)
Track gauge 1435 mm (standard gauge)
Average speed 30 km/h (19 mph)
Top speed 80 km/h (50 mph)
System map

Xi'an Metro System Map.png

Xi'an Metro
Traditional Chinese 西安地鐵
Simplified Chinese 西安地铁

The Xi'an Metro, also known as Xi'an Subway, is a metro system in the city of Xi'an, the capital of Shaanxi province in China.

Xi'an Metro has three lines in operation. Line 2 opened to the public on September 16, 2011.[3] Line 1 began operation on September 15, 2013. Line 3 started after months of delay on November 8, 2016.

History[edit]

Xi'an began its metro system plan in the mid-1980s. The plan was first submitted to the State Council in 1994, with four planned lines and a total length of 73.2 km (45.5 mi). In February 2004, the re-drafted plan was submitted to the State Government, which received final approval on September 13, 2006.

The first line, Line 2, began construction along Chang An street on 29 September 2006 and was completed in 2011. It runs north-south and passes under such historic sites as the Bell Tower and city wall. It is 26.6 km (17 mi) long with 23.5 km (15 mi) lying underground, approximately 20 meters below the surface. It is estimated to have cost 17.9 billion yuan (US$2.24 billion).[4] The route stretches from the Xi'an North Railway Station to Weiqu South with 20 stops. The travel time is 39 minutes for the entire length, cutting the commute almost in half. Operations began on 28 September 2011.[5]

Four other routes were planned to start construction in 2011 and to be finished by around 2020. When completed, the system will span 251.8 km (156.5 mi) and will mainly service the urban and suburban districts of Xi'an and part of Xianyang.[6]

Lines in operation[edit]

Line Terminals
(District)
Opened Newest
Extension
Length
km
Stations
 1  Houweizhai
(Weiyang)
Fangzhicheng
(Baqiao)
2013 25.4 19
 2  Xi'an North Railway Station
(Weiyang)
Weiqunan
(Chang'an)
2011 2014 26.5 21
 3  Yuhuazhai
(Yanta)
Baoshuiqu
(Baqiao)
2016 39.1 26
Total 91 66

Line 1[edit]

Main article: Line 1, Xi'an Metro

The second route, Line 1, was scheduled to start in late 2009 but was brought one year earlier as per Chinese government's response to the financial crisis of 2007–2010. Line 1 opened on 15 September 2013. The route runs from east to west.

To accelerate the speed of overall economic development between Xi'an and Xianyang cities, the Transportation Department of Xi'an decided to extend Line 1 to promote business travel between the two cities, as well as improve the efficiency of land use alongside Line 1. The preparation phase for the extension Line 1 started with the compilation of a feasibility study on November 4, 2007.

Line 2[edit]

Main article: Line 2, Xi'an Metro

Line 2 opened on 16 September 2011. This line is 26.5 km (16 mi) long with 21 stations.[7]

Line 3[edit]

Main article: Line 3, Xi'an Metro

Construction of Xi'an Metro's Line 3 broke ground in May 2011,[8] began public trial testing on September 20, 2016, and was opened at November 8, 2016. The line is currently 39.1 km (24.3 mi) long with 26 stations. When Phase 2 (still under construction) opens, the line will be 50.5 km (31.4 mi) long and with 31 stations.

Lines under construction[edit]

Planned system map
Yongningmen Station
Line
Phase/Section
Terminals
Construction since
Planned operation time
Length
in km
Stations
  Line 4
Phase I Xi'an North Railway Station Hangtian New City 2011 2018[9] 35.2 29
  Line 1
Phase II Fenghe Forest Park Houweizhai 2015 2019[10] 6.1 4
  Line 5
Phase I Fangzhicheng Railway Station Hepingcun 2016 2020[11] 25.1 19
  Line 6
Phase I Xi'an South Railway Station Laodong South Road 2016 2020[12] 20.1 15
Lintong Line Test Section Fangzhicheng Railway Station Qinhan Avenue 2014[13] 25 15

Line 4[edit]

Construction of test section of Line 4 of Xi'an Metro started in late 2012, and the entirety of Line 4 is planned to start service in late 2017 or 2018.[14]

Lines under planning[edit]

There will be 17 metro lines in Xi'an before 2030.[15]

Development[edit]

Construction work on Line 2 (2009)

Other metro lines, including Line 4, Line 5, and Line 6 will start construction after 2020, according to the plan.

Accidents[edit]

On 2 August 2009, 9:20am, a cave-in at the Sajinqiao section of Line 1 trapped migrant workers under 10 cubic meters of earth for over three hours, killing at least two who later died in the hospital.

On 26 May 2009, an individual suffered minor injuries from a fire during infrastructure work on Line 1.

On 30 December 2008, a fire occurred that was extinguished within an hour; all workers evacuated safely. Just 66 hours later, on 2 January, another fire occurred at another station on Line 2.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "双线效果明显 西安地铁日客流量突破47万". sohu auto. 2013-09-19. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  2. ^ 高乐 (2016-10-01). "149.06万!西安地铁客流刷新开通来历史最高" (in Chinese). 西安新闻网. Retrieved 2016-10-02. 
  3. ^ 西安地铁二号线开通 西安迈入"地铁时代" [Xi'an Metro line brings Xi'an into the "metro era"]. China National Radio (in Chinese). Beijing. September 16, 2006. 
  4. ^ "Xi'an: Ancient City Gets Own Metro System". China.org.cn. September 29, 2006. 
  5. ^ "Xi'an Subway Line 2 to begin trial runs on September 28". Global Times. June 29, 2011. Archived from the original on October 16, 2012. 
  6. ^ "Xian: the Building of Subway to Start This Year". Travel China Guide. September 14, 2006. Archived from the original on January 3, 2014. 
  7. ^ "市政府召开西安地铁开通试运营新闻发布会". 2011-09-16. Archived from the original on November 14, 2011. Retrieved 2012-10-03. 
  8. ^ "Xi'an Subway Line 3 Breaks New Ground". eChinacities.com. May 19, 2011. [dead link]
  9. ^ 西安地铁四号线昨开始盾构 从南到北共设29站 新浪陕西
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ "西安地铁五号线TJSG-2标和平村站第一家开钻_中铁二十局集团第五工程有限公司". www.cr20g05.com. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  12. ^ "西安地铁六号线开工 计划2020年通车_图片_新华网陕西频道". www.sn.xinhuanet.com. Retrieved 2016-12-26. 
  13. ^ 临潼市域快轨试验段今起围挡施工 主体2015年建成 西安新闻网
  14. ^ "西安地铁4号线获批建设 与2号线构成南北向客流"双走廊"". wmxa.cn. May 6, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Xian Metro Planning Map". Retrieved 2014-10-07. 
  16. ^ "Subway Collapse Kills Two in Xi'an". CRIENGLISH.com. China Radio International. August 3, 2009. 

External links[edit]