CRH1A in Yunxiao Station
|Locale||Fujian and Guangdong|
|Operator(s)||China Railway High-speed|
|Line length||502.4 km (312 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
|Operating speed||250 km/h (155 mph)|
|Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen HSR, Xiamen–Shenzhen section|
The Xiamen–Shenzhen railway, also known as the Xiashen railway, (Chinese: 厦深铁路) is a dual-track, electrified, high-speed rail line connecting the major coastal cities of Xiamen in Fujian and Shenzhen in Guangdong. The line has a total length of 502.4 km (312.2 mi) and forms part of China's Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen passenger-dedicated railway. Construction of the Xiashen Line began on November 23, 2007, and the line entered into operation on December 28, 2013.
The line is designed for trains running at top speeds of 200 kilometres per hour, and has reduced travel time between Xiamen and Shenzhen from 11 hours to 3 hours and 40 minutes. Currently, CR Guangzhou offers C-train services from Shenzhen North to Shenzhen Pingshan, Huizhou South and Shanwei.
The Xiamen–Shenzhen railway follows the rugged southern coast of China. Major cities and towns along route include Zhangzhou, Zhao'an, Raoping, the Chaoshan region (Chaozhou and Shantou), Puning, Shanwei, Huidong and Huizhou.
The Xiamen–Shenzhen railway is the first railway to be built on the southern coast of China. Most high-speed rail lines in China follow the routes of older conventional railroads, but there were no railways on the southeast coast before the arrival of high-speed rail.
Historically, the southeast coastal region relied on maritime transportation, and rugged terrain made railway construction more expensive. In the first half of the 20th century, warfare and political instability delayed railway construction. During the Cold War, the southeast coast faced the threat of invasion from Republic of China on Taiwan and all railways were built inland. Only when political tensions across the Taiwan Strait eased in the late 1990s did planning of the Xiashen Line proceed.
Construction of the Xiashen Line commenced in November 2007 and the line was initially expected to open in 2011. But the anticipated completion was repeatedly delayed due to further safety reviews and inspections after the Wenzhou High-Speed rail crash. In December 2012, the anticipated opening date was pushed to October 2013. Test runs did not commence until November 2013. The line officially opened on December 28, 2013 with trains running from Shenzhen North to Shanghai Hongqiao.
On 2017, cumulative ridership of the line exceeded 53 million passengers, with daily services increased to 101 pairs.
- Xiamen: Fuzhou–Xiamen railway, Yingtan–Xiamen railway
- Zhangzhou: Longyan–Xiamen railway
- Chaoshan: Guangzhou–Meizhou–Shantou railway towards Shantou railway station.
- Shanwei: Guangzhou-Shanwei high-speed railway and Shanwei-Shantou high-speed railway , both under construction.
- Shenzhen Pingshan: Guangzhou–Shenzhen railway - at some point after leaving the station in the southwest direction, trains can switch to the northwest-bound direction of the GuangShen railway towards Guangzhou East station / Guangzhou station, or vice versa.
- Shenzhen North: Beijing–Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong high-speed railway and Ganzhou-Shenzhen high-speed railway, latter under construction
- "Xiamen-Shenzhen High-speed railway to open to traffic in 2011" 2010-04-26
- 厦深铁路将于12月26日开通 杭州坐动车去深圳约10小时 [The Xia-Shen Railway will open for service on December 26 ; 10 hours travel time from Hangzhou to Shenzhen]. 2013-10-17. Archived October 22, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
- "Xiamen-Shenzhen high-speed railway expected to open in Oct, 2013" WhatsonXiamen 2012-12-02
- "Rail line starts trial runs" Shenzhen Daily 2013-12-02
- "New rail brings delta cities closer" Shenzhen Daily 2013-12-30