Xian MA700

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Xian Modern Ark 700 (MA700)
Xian MA700.png
Xian MA700 Mock-up at Paris Airshow 2013
Role Turboprop airliner
Manufacturer Xi'an Aircraft Industrial Corporation under the Aviation Industry Corporation of China
First flight planned Nov. 2019[1]
Introduction planned 2022[2]
Unit cost

The Xian MA700 (MA for 新舟, "Modern Ark") is a twin-engine, medium-range turboprop airliner currently under development by Xi'an Aircraft Industrial Corporation of the Aviation Industry Corporation of China (AVIC).

Development[edit]

When the aircraft was first announced in 2007, it was presented as a 70-seat aircraft. However, when a model of the aircraft was shown at the 2008 Zhuhai Airshow, it was touted as capable of offering about 80 seats in 4-abreast configuration.[3] Preliminary design was reviewed in January 2017, before detailed design.[4]

Okay Airways and Joy Air were announced as launch customers for the aircraft and to be involved with its development, which had been due to make its maiden flight in November 2019.[5][6] By late 2017 there were 185 orders for the 86-seat aircraft with purchase agreements with 11 customers including Joy Air, Okay Airways and Cambodia Bayon Airlines. The first prototype had been due to be assembled in 2017, with a maiden flight in 2019 and certification scheduled for 2021. AVIC plans to apply for airworthiness certification with the United States' Federal Aviation Administration and the European Aviation Safety Agency so the plane can enter the Western market.[6]

Long-lead items like flap and cargo door structures started to be built from December 2017.[4] In December 2017, Dowty Propellers was selected for a R408 propeller derivative. Manufacturing of its flaps and cargo door had begun in Xian and Shenyang, respectively. In January 2018, AVIC said structural and strength tests allowed to release wing flaps and forward fuselage technical specifications. Maiden flight is targeted for November 2019, and Chinese certification by 2021 before introduction.[1] The first was to be rolled out around the middle of 2019 and first delivered in 2022.[2] While detailed design was to be completed by April 2018, the program slipped three years since its launch at the end of 2013, and Avic has not yet built a reputation for dependable products.[7]

Design of major assemblies like the fuselage sections and wingboxes was sent to factories in late May 2018, to be constructed by the end of the year. Structural design was finalized by June 2018 while 25-26 systems critical design reviews were completed. Others should be completed by August and systems should be delivered from October for integrated system testing. Technical manuals will be written in the second half of 2018.[4]

The first MA700 was to be rolled out in June 2019 before a few months of ground tests including taxi runs. The PW150C should get certification by 2019 end. Avic expects the EASA and FAA to validate the CAAC certification, anticipated for 2021 after 24 months of flight testing. Avic sibling Comac needed six years for the ARJ21 and the C919 may need at least four years.[4]

In July, Avic selected Rockwell Collins, Thales, Meggitt and Parker Hannifin as suppliers at the Farnborough Airshow. By then, the CAAC had completed its review of the structure digital model, as the first prototype's fin, doors, undercarriage and nacelles were to begin construction. The engine, avionics, propellers, APU and electrical system should be reviewed before the end of 2018. Major assemblies should be sent for final assembly at Xian in the first half of 2019. Avic develops the MA700 mostly from its own resources.[8] By December, the first centre wing box was completed for the static test aircraft towards a mid-2019 roll-out and 2022 service entry.[9]

By June 2019, large fuselage parts were finished while the wings debuted assembly, before main components delivery and final assembly by the end of the year and static testing.[10] By July, the forward fuselage was completed after the main and nose fuselage sections.[11] By then, the first roll-out slipped by three months to September.[12] The nose, forward, and main fuselage sections were joined by 18 July.[13]

Design[edit]

The MA700 is conventional configuration, with a straight, tapered wing mounted high on the mid-fuselage, two tractor engines and a T-tail. The tricycle main landing gear are carried on faired pods outside the pressure vessel. The 2008 model was equipped with 6-bladed slightly swept propellers and showed 28 passenger windows per side.

Powered by Pratt & Whitney Canada PW150C turboprops, the fly-by-wire aircraft will seat up to 86 passengers, will have a maximum take-off weight of 26.5 t (58,000 lb) and a range of up to 2,700 km (1,500 nmi).[1] The MA700 is an all-new design, larger than its competitors with 78 seats at 79 cm (31 in) pitch compared to 74 in the Q400 and 68 in the ATR 72, and stretch potential for 90. At launch, the program targeted an empty weight of 14.5 t (32,000 lb), but since gross weight came 1 t (2,200 lb) heavier: range was reduced by 100 km (54 nmi) for 1,500 km (810 nmi) with a full payload, saving several hundred kilograms, and shortening the aircraft by 0.4 m (1.3 ft) also saved weight.[7]

Its 550–580 km/h (300–310 kn) cruise speed is faster than the originally expected 500 km/h (270 kn) and the power installed to achieve fast climbs should let it attain its 637 km/h (344 kn) maximum speed. When it make its first flight, a 50-seat version similar to an ATR 42 should be developed for better high-elevation performance.[7] It would operate from 1,800 m (5,900 ft.) runways in high temperatures or snow, serving 95% of Chinese airports, excluding the highest in Tibet.[4]

Orders and deliveries[edit]

As of June 2019, AVIC states 11 operators have ordered 285 aircraft.[10]

Customer Orders[14]
China Joy Air 30
China Okay Airways 30
China CDB Leasing 30
China CMB Leasing 30
China Chongqing General Aviation Financing and Leasing 10
China Poly Technologies 5
Nepal Air Avenues 10
Cambodia Cambodia Bayon Airlines 10
United Arab Emirates Emirates EGA Group 10
Pakistan Hybrid Aviation 10
South Africa Segers Aero 10
Total 185

Specifications (MA700)[edit]

Data from AVIC[15]

General characteristics

  • Crew: two pilots
  • Capacity: 68-86 seats / 11.88 m³ Cargo
  • Length: 30.5 m (100 ft 1 in)
  • Wingspan: 27.9 m (91 ft 6 in)
  • Height: 8.2 m (26 ft 11 in)
  • Empty weight: 15,800 kg (34,833 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 27,600 kg (60,848 lb)
  • Maximum payload: 8,600 kg (18,960 lb)
  • Powerplant: 2 × Pratt & Whitney Canada PW150C turboprop
  • Propellers: 6-bladed Dowty Propellers R504

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 637 km/h (396 mph; 344 kn) Maximum cruise (MTOW, ISA, 6000 m)
  • Cruise speed: 550–580 km/h (342–360 mph; 297–313 kn) Economical cruise
  • Range: 1,500 km (932 mi; 810 nmi) Standard payload
  • Ferry range: 2,700 km (1,678 mi; 1,458 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 7,620 m (25,000 ft)
  • Fuel consumption: 1.69 kg/km (6.0 lb/mi)
  • 600 km (320 nmi) sector fuel consumption
  • Single engine ceiling: 5,690 m (18,670 ft) (95% MTOW,ISA+10°C)
  • Takeoff: 1,400 m (4,600 ft) (MTOW, SL, ISA)[8]
  • Landing: 1,200 m (3,900 ft) (MLW, SL, ISA)[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Mavis Toh (2 Jan 2018). "AVIC cuts metal on MA700 turboprop". Flightglobal.
  2. ^ a b Bradley Perrett (Feb 22, 2018). "MA700 Roll-Out Targeted For Mid-2019; 1st Delivery Likely In 2022". Aviation Week Network.
  3. ^ "MA700 Revealed". Aviation Week & Space Technology. Vol. 169 no. 18. 10 Nov 2008. p. 22.
  4. ^ a b c d e Bradley Perrett (Jun 22, 2018). "Chinese Turboprop Scheduled For 2021 Certification". Aviation Week & Space Technology.
  5. ^ "(unknown title)". Airliner World. January 2015. p. 17.
  6. ^ a b Zhao Lei (30 Dec 2017). "Construction starts on AVIC regional jet". China Daily.
  7. ^ a b c Bradley Perrett (Mar 5, 2018). "Fingers Crossed, MA700 Could Fly In Late 2019". Aviation Week & Space Technology.
  8. ^ a b c Bradley Perrett (Oct 18, 2018). "Avic Expands MA700 Ambitions". Aviation Week & Space Technology.
  9. ^ Greg Waldron (27 Dec 2018). "AVIC assembles first centre wing box for MA700". Flightglobal.
  10. ^ a b Alfred Chua (4 June 2019). "MA700 gears up for static tests". Flightglobal.
  11. ^ Alfred Chua (3 July 2019). "MA700 forward fuselage completed". Flightglobal.
  12. ^ Bradley Perrett (Jul 9, 2019). "AVIC looks to roll out first MA700 prototype in September". Aviation Week Network.
  13. ^ Alfred Chua (23 July 2019). "First MA700 starts coming together". Flightglobal.
  14. ^ "总师:新舟700或将引发涡桨支线客机新一轮竞争". 环球网 (in Chinese). 环球军事. 19 Aug 2015.
  15. ^ "MA700". AVIC.

External links[edit]