Xiang Chong (Water Margin)

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Xiang Chong
Water Margin character
First appearance Chapter 59
Nickname "Eight-armed Nezha"
Rank 64th, Flying Star (地飛星) of the 72 Earthly Fiends
Infantry leader of Liangshan
Origin Bandit leader
Ancestral home / Place of origin Pei County, Xuzhou, Jiangsu
Weapon Spear, flying daggers, shield
Simplified Chinese 项充
Traditional Chinese 項充
Pinyin Xiàng Chōng
Wade–Giles Hsiang Ch'ung

Xiang Chong is a fictional character in Water Margin, one of the Four Great Classical Novels of Chinese literature. He ranks 64th of the 108 Liangshan heroes and 28th of the 72 Earthly Fiends. He is nicknamed "Eight-armed Nezha".


Xiang Chong is from Pei County (in present-day Xuzhou, Jiangsu). He wears a steel helmet and carries a shield with a beast's head engraved on it. He wields an iron spear and 24 flying daggers for hurling at enemies. He excels in martial arts and can hit a target a hundred steps away accurately with his daggers. He also walks at a lightning speed. He is nicknamed "Eight-armed Nezha" after the warrior deity.

Xiang Chong is a close friend of Fan Rui and Li Gun. The three of them lead a group of about 3,000 bandits on Mount Mangdang (芒碭山; north of present-day Yongcheng, Shangqiu, Henan).

Joining Liangshan[edit]

The three bandit chiefs get into conflict with the outlaws at Liangshan Marsh after announcing that they will conquer Liangshan one day. Liangshan's Shi Jin leads a vanguard force to attack Mount Mangdang, but loses the first battle against Fan Rui's forces, and manages to escape only when Liangshan reinforcements arrive.

The following day, Gongsun Sheng deploys the Liangshan forces in the Eight Trigrams Formation to counter Fan Rui. Fan Rui uses magic to darken the sky and create a sandstorm to throw the enemy into confusion. He orders Xiang Chong and Li Gun to lead 500 men to break the formation. Gongsun Sheng engages Fan Rui in a battle of magic powers and defeats him. Both Xiang Chong and Li Gun are captured in the formation while Fan Rui escapes in a frenzy.

Song Jiang, Liangshan's chief, treats Xiang Chong and Li Gun respectfully and persuades them to join the outlaw band at Liangshan. They are touched by his sincerity and agree to join Liangshan. They return to Mount Mangdang later and manage to convince Fan Rui to join Liangshan as well.

Campaigns and death[edit]

Xiang Chong becomes one of the leaders of the Liangshan infantry after the Grand Assembly of the 108 Stars of Destiny. He follows the heroes on their campaigns against the Liao invaders and rebel forces after they have been granted amnesty by Emperor Huizong. During the campaign against the rebel leader Fang La, Xiang Chong and Li Gun are assigned to attack Muzhou (睦州; in present-day Hangzhou, Zhejiang), where they face the enemy general Zheng Biao in battle. Zheng Biao uses his lasso to trip Xiang Chong, who is killed by Zheng's men after he is down.