|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Total||1,461 km2 (564 sq mi)|
|• Density||410/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
Xiangshui County (simplified Chinese: 响水县; traditional Chinese: 响水縣; pinyin: Xiǎngshuǐ Xiàn; literally: 'loud water') is a coastal county under the administration of Yancheng, Jiangsu province, China. The northernmost county-level division of Yancheng, it borders the prefecture-level cities of Lianyungang to the northwest and Huai'an to the southwest. The county was founded in April 1966.
- Xiangshui (响水镇), Chenjiagang (陈家港镇), Xiaojian (小尖镇), Huangwei (黄圩镇), Dayou (大有镇), Shuanggang (双港镇), Nanhe (南河镇), Yunhe (运河镇)
Three other areas:
- Xiangshui County Economic and Technological Development Zone (县开发区), Huanghai Farm (省属黄海农场), Guandong Saltern (省属灌东盐场)
- Zhangji (张集乡), Qitao (七套乡), Liutao (六套乡), Laoshe (老舍乡), Hai'anji (海安集乡), Gangnan (港南乡), Zhouji (周集乡)
On its northern territory, the Guanhe River, an inner river of Jiangsu, flows through from west to east until running into the Yellow Sea. The county owns 43 km of the coastal line, facing Japan and Korea by crossing the sea. Stunning local residents over years, tens of false killer whales from the Yellow Sea had swum back into its watergate as deep as 10 km. Covered by abundance of an aquatic plant species, shallow water lotus, the county is honored as a "Town of Shallow Water Lotus".
Principal natural resources include its marine area and marshland. The county is currently the largest site for sea salt production in China.
Xiangshui county has an oceanic monsoon climate with humid changeable wind and distinct four seasons. The average temperature is 14 °C with the hottest 38.7 °C in July and the coldest -17 °C in January. The raining season is from the middle of June to July and the average annual precipitation is 1,000 mm. There are 209 days free of frost.
Xiangshui's road transportation mainly relies on G204, S307, Jinghu (Beijing-Shanghai) Expressway and the Jiangsu Coastline Expressway, in which G204 and S307 run through the county from east to west but Jinghu and Coastline Expressway go the north-south direction. Its water transportation relies on two major rivers, the Tongyu Canal and Guanhe River. Chengjiagang Port, located at the mouth of Guanhe rive, opens to international cargo transportation. The port is 36 km (22 mi) away from Lianyungang Port.
Xiangshui was traditionally a poor county, and was a testing ground for Jiangsu's economic reform policies. Its 2018 GDP was around 34.5 billion yuan, or a per capita GDP of approximately $8,300, low by Jiangsu standards. By 2018, it had joined the ranks of the "top one hundred counties for investment potential", signalling its more recent economic growth.
Xiangshui was a traditional salt-making site but now it is an important agricultural land. The agricultural income occupies 30% of the county revenue. Principal agricultural products include rice, cotton, fruit, livestock and vegetable. In addition, aquatic production has earned the county a national reputation with more than 200 sea food products including fish, crab, shrimp, etc. The county's industrial sectors are still in its early shape, including textile, chemicals, machinery, food manufacturing and pharmaceuticals.
Before 2000, Xiangshui is an agricultural land with uncontaminated environment and it still owns a well shaped ecosystem. However, due to more strict regulations in the more prosperous southern parts of Jiangsu province, chemical plants began moving to the relatively poor northern Jiangsu region. These chemical factories usually enjoyed the preferential treatment from the local Xiangshui government. Lacking or without strict regulation and supervision, these chemical plants brought pollution and environmental damage to the county. On November 27, 2007, an explosion occurred in one of the chemical factories in Chenjianggang Chemical Zone, with 7 killed and many injured. On March 21, 2019, a major explosion occurred at a chemical plant in Chenjiagang Town. A total of 78 people were killed and more than 600 injured.
- Google (2014-07-02). "Xiangshui" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2014-07-02.
- 响水概况 [Xiangshui Overview] (in Chinese). 盐城市响水县人民政府办公室. 3 January 2019. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
- 响水县历史沿革 [Xiangshui County Historical Development] (in Chinese). XZQH.org. 17 December 2012. Retrieved 30 March 2019.
- 2018年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码：响水县 [2018 Statistical Area Numbers and Rural-Urban Area Numbers: Xiangshui County] (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. 2018. Retrieved 30 March 2019.
统计用区划代码 名称 320921100000 响水镇 320921101000 陈家港镇 320921102000 小尖镇 320921103000 黄圩镇 320921104000 大有镇 320921105000 双港镇 320921106000 南河镇 320921107000 运河镇 320921400000 县开发区 320921401000 省属黄海农场 320921402000 省属灌东盐场
- "2018年中国中小城市科学发展指数研究成果发布（一）". People.cn. October 8, 2018.