Xiao Qiang

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Xiao Qiang
Chinese: 萧强
Future Affairs Berlin 2019 - „Digital Revolution Resetting Global Power Politics?“ (47959586318).jpg
Born (1961-11-19) November 19, 1961 (age 61)

Xiao Qiang (Chinese: 萧强; pinyin: Xiāo Qiáng, born November 19, 1961) is the Director and Research Scientist of the Counter-Power Lab, an interdisciplinary faculty-student research group focusing on digital rights and internet freedom, based in the School of Information, University of California, Berkeley.[1] He also serves as the director of the China Internet Project at Berkeley.[2][3] Xiao is an adjunct professor at the School of Information and the Graduate School of Journalism at the University of California, Berkeley. He is also the founder and editor-in-chief of China Digital Times, a bilingual news website.

Xiao teaches classes Digital Activism, Internet Freedom and Blogging in China at both the School of Information and the Graduate School of Journalism, University of California at Berkeley. In fall 2003, Xiao launched China Digital Times[4] to explore how to apply cutting edge technologies to aggregate, contextualize and translate online information from and about China.[5] His current research focuses on state censorship, propaganda and disinformation, as well as mass surveillance in China.[6]


A theoretical physicist by training, he studied at the University of Science and Technology of China and entered the PhD program (1986–1989) in Astrophysics at the University of Notre Dame. He became a full-time human rights activist after the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests and massacre.[7] Xiao was the executive director of the New York-based organization Human Rights in China from 1991 to 2002 and vice chairman of the steering committee of the World Movement for Democracy.


Xiao is a recipient of the MacArthur Fellowship in 2001, and is profiled in the book "Soul Purpose: 40 People Who Are Changing the World for the Better" (Melcher Media, 2003). He was also a visiting fellow of the Santa Fe Institute in Spring, 2002.

In January 2015, Xiao has been named to Foreign Policy magazine's Pacific Power Index, a list of "50 people shaping the future of the U.S.-China relationship." He was named on the list "for taking on China's Great Firewall of censorship."[8]


  1. ^ MacArthur Fellow Biography
  2. ^ Landow, George P. (2006). Hypertext 3.0: Critical Theory and New Media in an Era of Globalization. JHU Press. p. 323. ISBN 978-0-8018-8256-2.
  3. ^ Shirk, Susan L. (April 16, 2007). China: How China's Internal Politics Could Derail Its Peaceful Rise. Oxford University Press. p. 90. ISBN 978-0-19-804178-8.
  4. ^ "[https://chinadigitaltimes.net/space/Interview_with_Xiao_Qiang,_Editor-in-Chief_of_China_Digital_Times The "Coral Reef" Below the Ship of China’s Internet Censorship Interview with Xiao Qiang]"
  5. ^ Website chronicles China’s massive effort to control Internet content
  6. ^ Qiang, Xiao. "The Road to Digital Unfreedom:The Road to Digital Unfreedom: President Xi’s Surveillance State." Journal of Democracy, no. 1 (2019): 53-67.
  7. ^ "Interviews - Xiao Qiang | The Tank Man | FRONTLINE". PBS. April 11, 2006. Retrieved February 14, 2017.
  8. ^ "The Pacific Power Index". pacificpower.foreignpolicy.com. Retrieved August 27, 2019.

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