Xiaoguwei, formerly known in English as French Island, is an island in the Pearl River Delta of China's Guangdong Province. It is now administered as part of Xinzao (新造镇), a town in Guangzhou's Panyu District. The Guangzhou Higher Education Mega Center now occupies the entire island.
Xiaoguwei is about 17.9 km2 (6.9 sq mi).
During the Canton trade, Xiaoguwei was used by French crews for repairs and burials. It lay on the southeastern side of the Huangpu or "Whampoa" anchorage. French access to Guangzhou was, however, frequently blocked by the British Navy amid its colonial, revolutionary, and Napoleonic Wars.
Xiaoguwei is connected with Luntou (仑头) in Haizhu District by tunnel. Bridges on the Nansha Port Expressway, a toll road, links it to Henan Island (Haizhu District) in the west and the rest of Panyu District to the south. A third bridge connects it to Haizhu's Yingzhou Ecological Park and a fourth to Huangpu District's Changzhou Island in the northeast.
Dozens of bus routes cross the island and connect its universities with downtown Guangzhou, the most important of which is Bus 381, which connects every university to the two subway stations. There are regular buses and express commuter buses using the toll roads and having fewer stops. Many of the express buses connect different campuses of the island's universities. In addition to these routes, some universities offer their own shuttle services for their faculty and staff.