Xidaotang (Chinese: 西道堂; pinyin: Xīdàotáng), originally called Jinxingtang 金星堂, the "Han-schools-sect" (Hanxue pai 汉学派) bzw. "Chinese School") is a Chinese-Islamic school of thought. Together with Ikhwan (Yihewani) and Qadim (Gedimu), Xidaotang is one of the three major sects of Islam in China.
It was founded by Ma Qixi (1857–1914), a Chinese Muslim from Lintan in Gansu, at the beginning of the 20th Century. Their teaching of Islamic faith is relatively strongly fused with traditional culture.
In 1914, Ma Anliang tried to exterminate the "New New Sect" (another name for the Xidaotang) and Ma Qixi. Ma Qixi's Arabic name was Ersa (Jesus).Ma Anliang was nearly successful, but a portion of the sect evaded capture. West Gansu was one of the places New New Sect followers were to be found.
Hui Muslims belonging to the Xidaotang sect and Tibetans in Taozhou were attacked by Hui Muslim leader Ma Zhongying and his own Hui Muslim soldiers, causing an exodus of panicked Xidaotang Hui Muslims running away. The Xidaotang pledged allegiance to the Kuomintang after their rise to power and the Hui Muslim General Bai Chongxi acquainted Chiang Kai-shek with the Xidaotang jiaozhu Ma Mingren in 1941 in Chongqing.
It is mainly distributed in Lintan and Hezheng County in northwest China's Gansu Province, and also has followers in the province of Qinghai, the Autonomous Region Xinjiang and the province of Sichuan. It is a Hanafi school of the Sunni tradition similar to Qadim (Gedimu) has included Jahriyya elements.
Its members organize collectively and work together. One focus of the organization is on education.
Great importance is put on observing holidays such as Mawlid an-Nabi (in honor of the birthday of Prophet Mohammad), his death, and the anniversary of the death of Ma Qixi. There were no mausoleums built for Ma Qixi.
Other leaders in the movement were:
- 1918-1946: Ma Mingren (马明仁, 1896–1946)
- 1947-1958: Min Xuecheng (敏学成, 1882–1957) (i.e. Min Zhidao).
- Muslim groups in China
- menhuan 门宦
- gongbei 拱北
- Liu Zhi 刘智 (1660–1745)
- Tekke (罕卡 Khanqah, 扎维叶 Zawiya)
- Cihai ("Sea of Words“), Shanghai cishu chubanshe, Shanghai 2002, ISBN 7-5326-0839-5 (Article: Xidaotang)
- Hu Fan. S.174.
- Zhongguo de sanda jiaopai 中国的三大教派 bzw. kurz: Sanda jiaopai 三大教派: Gedimu 格底目 (Qadīm), Yihewani 伊赫瓦尼 (Ikhwānī), Xidaotang 西道堂.
- Christian Literature Society for India, Hartford Seminary Foundation (1920). Samuel Marinus Zwemer, eds. The Moslem World, Volume 10. Harvard University: Hartford Seminary Foundation. p. 381. Retrieved 2011-06-06.
- The Far Eastern review, engineering, finance, commerce, Volume 15. 1919. p. 587. Retrieved 2011-06-06.
- Jonathan Neaman Lipman (1 July 1998). Familiar strangers: a history of Muslims in Northwest China. University of Washington Press. pp. 196–197. ISBN 978-0-295-80055-4.
- Jonathan Neaman Lipman (1 July 1998). Familiar strangers: a history of Muslims in Northwest China. University of Washington Press. pp. 197–. ISBN 978-0-295-80055-4.
- Cihai, S.1811.
- chinaculture.org: West Khanqa (gefunden am 27. März 2010)
- Shoujiang Mi & Jia You, S.68.
- See main articleShari'a.
- Cihai, S. 1811. - See article Tariqa.
- Hu Fan, S.114.
- "Xidaotang is a religious sect and a special economic community as well." (Shoujiang Mi, Jia You)
- Shoujiang Mi, Jia You: ("Birth and Growth of Sects and Menhuans")
- baike.baidu.com: Xidaotang (gefunden am 27. März 2010)
- Shoujiang Mi, Jia You: Islam in China, Chinese Intercontinental Press, 2004; ISBN 7508505336 (web)
- Michael Dillon: China's Muslim Hui Community 1999
- Dru C. Gladney: Muslim Chinese: ethnic nationalism in the People's Republic (Xi Dao Tang, S.56 f.)
- Hu Fan: "Islam in Shaanxi: Past and Present". Diss. Bonn 2008
- West Khanqa at ChinaCulture.org
- Gongshe xingzhe de Musilin zuzhi - Xidaotang at ChinaCulture.org
- Xidaotang at Baike.Baidu.com
- Zhongguo Xidaotang Linxia Machang Qingzhensi shengjihui - Chinese (photos from the Machang mosque in Linxia) at BBS.ChinaSufi.cn