Chikow, Ch'i-k'ou, Ch’i-k’ou-chen
|• Total||381 km2 (147 sq mi)|
|• Density||220/km2 (570/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
(the town when Fenghua was a county)
Xikou (simplified Chinese: 溪口镇; traditional Chinese: 溪口鎮; pinyin: Xīkǒu Zhèn; Wade–Giles: Hsi1-k'ou3 Chen4), is a town of 84,000 in northeastern Zhejiang province, People's Republic of China. It is located 39 kilometers (24 mi) west of Ningbo and covers 381 square kilometers (147 sq mi). It is under the administration of Fenghua District, and is the birthplace and ancestral home of the former President of the Republic of China Chiang Kai-shek. Mao Fumei, divorced wife of ROC President Chiang Kai-Shek and mother of ROC President Chiang Ching-Kuo, was killed during the Japanese bombing of Xikou on December 12, 1939.
- "The Introduction of Xikou Town". 宁波市奉化区人民政府 English. 8 May 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2019.
It covers 381 square kilometers,
- Xikou is sometimes transliterated in pinyin as Qikou. Until the 20th century, 溪 was pronounced as qī [t͡ɕʰi55], as evidenced by its fanqie reading, 苦奚切. The old Postal Romanization Kikow reflects the 19th century pronunciation of 溪 in conservative Mandarin dialects (e.g., Nanjing dialect) in which velars had not undergone palatalization (from [kʰ] to [t͡ɕʰ] in this case).
- Guang Hua. Kwang Haw Pub. (USA). 1998. p. 35. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
- China Tourism. HK China Tourism Press. 2001. p. 34. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
Xikou and Mount Xuedou Scenic Area Xikou Town, 20 km south of the Yinxian county seat, is the hometown of Chiang Kai-shek and his son Chiang Ching-kuo — noted personages in modern Chinese history.