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锡林浩特市 • ᠰᠢᠯᠢ ᠶᠢᠨᠬᠣᠲᠠ
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Autonomous region||Inner Mongolia|
|Incorporated (County-level city)||10 October 1983|
|• County-level city||14,785 km2 (5,709 sq mi)|
|• Urban||34 km2 (13 sq mi)|
|Elevation||997 m (3,271 ft)|
|• County-level city||245,886|
|• Density||17/km2 (43/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
|License plate prefixes||蒙H|
Xilinhot (Mongolian: Шилийн хот, , Sili-yin hota; simplified Chinese: 锡林浩特; traditional Chinese: 錫林浩特; pinyin: Xīlínhàotè) is a county-level city which serves as the seat of government for the Xilin Gol league in Inner Mongolia, People's Republic of China. It has a jurisdiction area of 14,785 km2 (5,709 sq mi) and a population of 245,886; 149,000 people live in the Xilinhot urban area.
During the Ming dynasty, the elder brother of Genghis Khan lived in Xilinhot area. As a result, the local Mongols were called Abganar because Abgal in Mongolian means paternal uncle. When in the first half of the 17th century the Mongols submitted to the Manchu, Abganar territories were divided into two banners: Abganar-Tszoitsi (Abganar left wing) and Abganar-Yuitsi (Abganar right wing). These wings were commanded by men in the rank of princes beile. The Abgal (阿巴嘎) and Hotsit (浩齐特) tribes also lived in the area. Xinlihot was renamed Beizi Temple (贝子庙; Bèizǐ miào) after the Qianlong Emperor built the Beizi Temple in 1743.
In 1914, Beizi Temple was included in the newly founded Chahar Special Administrative Region, which became the Chahar Province in 1928. Later it was included in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Today, the Beizi temple is one of the largest temples on the Xilin Gol grassland. In 1953, the county was renamed Xilinhot and then renamed Abahanaer Banner in 1956. In 1983, it was approved for classification as a county-level city by the state council and renamed Xilinhot.
Xilinhot experiences a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) with long, very dry, and bitter winters and short, hot summers. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −18.8 °C (−1.8 °F) in January to 21.2 °C (70.2 °F) in July, with an annual mean temperature of 2.60 °C (36.7 °F). With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 59 percent in July to 73 percent in February, sunshine is abundant year-round. The city receives 2,970 hours of sunshine per year; due to the aridity, the diurnal temperature variation frequently approaches and exceeds 15 °C (27 °F). A majority of the 287 mm (11.3 in) of annual rainfall occurs in July and August.
|Climate data for Xilinhot (1971−2000)|
|Average high °C (°F)||−12.1
|Average low °C (°F)||−23.9
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||2.2
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||4.1||3.8||4.5||3.9||5.9||10.9||14.0||11.6||6.7||4.7||4.2||4.3||78.6|
|Average relative humidity (%)||72||68||56||39||39||50||61||63||56||53||61||71||57|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||205.0||213.7||262.1||271.6||298.2||287.5||276.9||273.3||254.5||239.7||199.7||187.8||2,970|
|Percent possible sunshine||72||73||72||68||66||63||59||63||68||70||69||68||67|
|Source: China Meteorological Administration|
The market of the area is centered in Xilinhot and cattle is of particular importance.
Culture and tourism
The historic center of Xilinhot contains an artistic temple.
The Naadam festival, a Mongolian feast, is celebrated every year. Naadam is a gathering of the Mongolian people that involves wrestling, horse trading, costume contests, horse racing, etc. It's the Mongolian summer festival with festival attendees wearing colorful costumes. Colorful yurts are set up to serve food and trinkets and supplies.
Mongolian culture is prevalent in the city—pictures, tapestries, and monumental statues of Genghis Khan adorn homes, shops, and street corners.
Tourists can stay at nearby yurt resorts where there are large yurts for dining surrounded by smaller individual yurts for sleeping. The Xilinhot countryside is marked by rolling grasslands populated by Mongolians who keep horses, sheep, goats, and cows. Mongolian meals consist of mutton, beef, cabbage, and other fruits and vegetables.
The diet of the area is centered around the local dairy and meat production. Products regularly eaten by residents include horse milk yogurt, milk, tofu, milk skin, beef and mutton string[clarification needed], hand meat[clarification needed], and grilled lamb.
Xilinhot Airport has regular flights to Beijing on Air China and China United Airlines. The airport is also served by Tianjin Airlines with multiple daily flights to Hohhot and a seasonal daily flight to Tianjin; there are also occasional direct flights to other major cities.
The K7917 train connects Xilinhot with the national rail network and departs daily for Hohhot and Baotou.
- (in Chinese) Data from the Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China Archived December 29, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Xilinhot Airport Live Flight Information". Retrieved 15 September 2015.