Xilinhot

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Xilinhot
锡林浩特市ᠰᠢᠯᠢ ᠶᠢᠨᠬᠣᠲᠠ
County-level city
Xilinhot is located in Inner Mongolia
Xilinhot
Xilinhot
Location in Inner Mongolia
Coordinates: 43°57′N 116°05′E / 43.950°N 116.083°E / 43.950; 116.083Coordinates: 43°57′N 116°05′E / 43.950°N 116.083°E / 43.950; 116.083
Country People's Republic of China
Autonomous region Inner Mongolia
Aimag Xilin Gol
Incorporated (County-level city) 1983.10.10
Area
 • County-level city 14,785 km2 (5,709 sq mi)
 • Urban 34 km2 (13 sq mi)
Elevation 997 m (3,271 ft)
Population (2010)[1]
 • County-level city 245,886
 • Density 17/km2 (43/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code 026000
Area code(s) 0479
License plate prefixes 蒙H
Website www.xilinhaote.gov.cn

Xilinhot (Mongolian: Шилийн хот, Sili-yin qota.svg, Sili-yin hota; simplified Chinese: 锡林浩特; traditional Chinese: 錫林浩特; pinyin: Xīlínhàotè) is a county-level city which serves as the seat of government for the Xilin Gol league in Inner Mongolia, People's Republic of China. It has a jurisdiction area of 14,785 square kilometres (5,709 sq mi), and a population of 245,886, with 149,000 being in the Xilinhot urban area.[1]

History[edit]

During the Ming dynasty, the elder brother of Genghis Khan lived in the area the city now occupies, which let to the local Mongols being called "Abganar" (translated from Mongolian "Abgal" means "paternal uncle"). When in the first half of the 17th century the Mongols submitted to the Manchu, Abganar territories were divided into two banners: Abganar-Tszoitsi (Abganar left wing) and Abganar-Yuitsi (Abganar right wing), commanded by "wings" in the rank of princes "beile". Besides Abganarov, the Abgal (阿巴嘎) and Hotsit (浩齐特) tribes also lived in the area. Xinlihot was renamed Beizi Temple (贝子庙; Bèizǐ miào), since the Qianlong Emperor built the Beizi Temple in 1743.

In 1914, it was included in the newly founded Chahar Special Administrative Region, which became the Chahar Province in 1928. Later it was included in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Nowadays, the temple is one of the largest temples on the Xilin Gol grassland. In 1953 the county was renamed Xilinhot, before it was renamed Abahanaer Banner in 1956. In 1983, it was approved for classification as a county-level city by the state council, and finally renamed Xilinhot.

Geography[edit]

The elevation is about 990 metres (3,250 ft). The city is 610 and 620 kilometres (380 and 390 mi) from Beijing and Hohhot, the capital of Inner Mongolia, respectively.

Climate[edit]

Xilinhot experiences a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) with long, very dry, and bitter winters and short, hot summers. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −18.8 °C (−1.8 °F) in January to 21.2 °C (70.2 °F) in July, with an annual mean of 2.60 °C (36.7 °F). With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 59% in July to 73% in February, sunshine is abundant year-round, the city receives 2,970 hours of sunshine per year; due to the aridity, the diurnal temperature variation frequently approaches and exceeds 15 °C (27 °F). A majority of the 287 millimetres (11.3 in) of annual rainfall occurs in July and August alone.

Climate data for Xilinhot (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −12.1
(10.2)
−7.5
(18.5)
1.6
(34.9)
12.9
(55.2)
20.6
(69.1)
25.4
(77.7)
27.6
(81.7)
25.8
(78.4)
20.0
(68)
11.3
(52.3)
0.0
(32)
−9.1
(15.6)
9.7
(49.5)
Average low °C (°F) −23.9
(−11)
−20.9
(−5.6)
−12.2
(10)
−2.1
(28.2)
5.4
(41.7)
11.6
(52.9)
15.4
(59.7)
13.3
(55.9)
6.0
(42.8)
−2.5
(27.5)
−12.3
(9.9)
−20.2
(−4.4)
−3.5
(25.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 2.2
(0.087)
2.1
(0.083)
5.3
(0.209)
6.8
(0.268)
23.2
(0.913)
45.0
(1.772)
89.0
(3.504)
70.2
(2.764)
23.7
(0.933)
11.3
(0.445)
5.3
(0.209)
2.5
(0.098)
286.6
(11.285)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 4.1 3.8 4.5 3.9 5.9 10.9 14.0 11.6 6.7 4.7 4.2 4.3 78.6
Average relative humidity (%) 72 68 56 39 39 50 61 63 56 53 61 71 57
Mean monthly sunshine hours 205.0 213.7 262.1 271.6 298.2 287.5 276.9 273.3 254.5 239.7 199.7 187.8 2,970
Percent possible sunshine 72 73 72 68 66 63 59 63 68 70 69 68 67
Source: China Meteorological Administration

Cityscape[edit]

Economy[edit]

Xilinhot is a market of significance, where cattle is of particular importance.

Culture and tourism[edit]

The historic center includes an artistic temple. The Naadam Festival, a Mongolian feast, is celebrated here every year. Naadam is a gathering of the Mongolian people for wrestling, horse trading, costume contests, horse racing, etc. It's their summer festival and is generally very colorful with costumes and colorful yurts set up to serve food and sell trinkets and supplies.

Mongolian culture is very prominent with pictures, tapestries and monumental statues of Genghis Khan in every home, shop and street corner.

Tourists can stay at nearby yurt resorts where there is a large yurt for dining surrounded by smaller individual yurts for sleeping. The surrounding countryside is rolling grasslands populated by Mongolians who have horses, sheep, goats and some cows. Meals consisted of mutton, beef, cabbages, and other fruit and vegetables.

Cuisine[edit]

Xilinhot's diet is focused on the processing of local dairy and meat production. Products include horse milk yogurt, milk, tofu and milk skin as well as beef and mutton string, hand meat and grilled lamb.

Transportation[edit]

Xilinhot Airport has regular flights to Beijing from Air China and China United Airlines. The airport is also served by Tianjin Airlines with multiple daily flights to Hohhot and a seasonal daily flight to Tianjin; there are also occasionally direct flights to other major cities.[2]

The K7917 train connects Xilinhot with the national rail network and departs daily for Hohhot and Baotou.

China National Highway 207 and China National Highway 303 both terminate in the Xilinhot area. The S27 Xilingol-Kalgan Expressway also ends in suburb Xilinhot.

External links[edit]

References[edit]